Page "Great Pyramid of Giza" Paragraph 6
The Great Pyramid consists of an estimated 2. 3 million limestone blocks with most believed to have been transported from nearby quarries.
The largest granite stones in the pyramid, found in the " King's " chamber, weigh 25 to 80 tonnes and were transported from Aswan, more than 500 miles away.
Traditionally, ancient Egyptians cut stone blocks by hammering wooden wedges into the stone which were then soaked with water.
It is estimated that 5. 5 million tons of limestone, 8, 000 tons of granite ( imported from Aswan ), and 500, 000 tons of mortar were used in the construction of the Great Pyramid.