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Involuntary commitment is governed by state law and procedures vary from state to state.
In some jurisdictions, laws regarding the commitment of juveniles may vary, with what is the de facto involuntary commitment of a juvenile perhaps de jure defined as " voluntary " if his parents agree, though he may still have a right to protest and attempt to get released.
However, there is a body of case law governing the civil commitment of individuals under the Fourteenth Amendment through U. S. Supreme Court rulings beginning with Addington v. Texas in 1979 which set the bar for involuntary commitment for treatment by raising the burden of proof required to commit persons from the usual civil burden of proof of " preponderance of the evidence " to the higher standard of " clear and convincing " evidence.

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