Page "Stereotype threat" Paragraph 27
Additional research seeks ways to boost the test scores and academic achievement of students in negatively-stereotyped groups.
In one study, teaching college women about stereotype threat and its effects on performance was sufficient to eliminate the predicted gender gap on a difficult math test.
Making people aware of the fact that they will not necessarily perform worse simply due to the existence of a stereotype, can boost their performance.
Another approach involves persuading participants that intelligence is malleable and can be increased through effort.
If people believe that they can improve their performance based on effort, they are more likely to believe that they can overcome negative stereotypes and perform well.