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* Formally, when working over the reals, as here, this is accomplished by considering the limit as ε → 0 ; but the " infinitesimal " language generalizes directly to Lie groups over general rings.
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Formally and when
Formally the Prince-Electors elected a King of the Romans, who was elected in Germany but became Holy Roman Emperor only when crowned by the Pope.
Formally, these failed when they were rejected by the Church of England's General Synod in 1972 ; conversations and co-operation continued, however, leading in 2003 to the signing of a covenant between the two churches.
In late 1900s the day that of the City was founded is Jakin School is a Private School is Formally Part of Jakin School Board was Grades One through Twelve there is no Football field on this school. In 1966 When Jakin School was Closed were Sent to Blakely-Union Elementary, Junior High, and High School ( which later Became Early County High, Middle, and Elementary School ). while Carver school was built for African-American students grades One through Twelve. although late 1960s when Carver school was closed along with Kestler School was based in Damascus were sent to Washington High & Elementary at Blakely. In addition to small farm agriculture, Jakin's early economic growth resulted from turpentine.
Formally, knowing the step response of a dynamical system gives information on the stability of such a system, and on its ability to reach one stationary state when starting from another.
Formally, a composite number n = d · 2 < sup > s </ sup > + 1 with d being odd is called a strong pseudoprime to a relatively prime base a when one of the following conditions hold:
Formally, a graph is symmetric with respect to the origin if it is unchanged when reflected across both the x-axis and y-axis.
Formally, these failed when they were rejected by the Church of England's General Synod in 1972, however conversations and co-operation continued leading in 2003 to the signing of a covenant between the two churches.
Formally and working
Following a merger with the Furnishing Industry Trust ( Formally The Furnishing Trades Benevolent Association ) in 2011, the Company has become the most significant charity in the sector, supporting the needy and promoting welfare and education of those entering and working within the industry, as well as the wider support of the charitable work of the Mayoralty and the Corporation of the City of London.
Formally and over
Formally, an inner product space is a vector space V over the field together with an inner product, i. e., with a map
Formally introduced in September 1979, Initial samples were released in February 1980, with production chips available over the counter in November.
Formally, a frame is defined to be a lattice L in which finite meets distribute over arbitrary joins, i. e. every ( even infinite ) subset
Formally the " head of state " can also personally be the " head of government " ( ex officio or by ad hoc cumulation such as an absolute monarch nominating himself ) but otherwise has formal precedence over the Head of Government and other ministers, whether he is their actual political superior ( absolute monarch, executive president ) or rather theoretical or ceremonial in character.
Formally it is precisely in allowing quantification over class variables α, β, etc., that we assume a range of values for these variables to refer to.
If R is a ring, let R denote the ring of polynomials in the indeterminate X over R. Hilbert proved that if R is " not too large ", in the sense that if R is Noetherian, the same must be true for R. Formally,
Formally, the statement that " value decreases over time " is given by defining the linear differential operator as:
Formally, this effect is referred to as and is a process whereby the capture frame rate of the camera changes over time.
Formally, an analytic function ƒ ( z ) of the real or complex variables z < sub > 1 </ sub >,…, z < sub > n </ sub > is transcendental if z < sub > 1 </ sub >, …, z < sub > n </ sub >, ƒ ( z ) are algebraically independent, i. e., if ƒ is transcendental over the field C ( z < sub > 1 </ sub >, …, z < sub > n </ sub >).
Formally, a Lie superalgebra is a ( nonassociative ) Z < sub > 2 </ sub >- graded algebra, or superalgebra, over a commutative ring ( typically R or C ) whose product, called the Lie superbracket or supercommutator, satisfies the two conditions ( analogs of the usual Lie algebra axioms, with grading ):
Formally, a coalgebra over a field K is a vector space C over K together with K-linear maps Δ: C → C ⊗ C and ε: C → K such that
Formally, a Hopf algebra is a ( associative and coassociative ) bialgebra H over a field K together with a K-linear map S: H → H ( called the antipode ) such that the following diagram commutes:
Formally, an unlabelled state transition system is a tuple ( S, →) where S is a set ( of states ) and → ⊆ S × S is a binary relation over S ( of transitions ).
Formally known as the Inverurie Parish Church, a split in Church of Scotland over the appointment of ministers in 1843 ( The Disruption ) led to the creation of the West Parish Church ( known locally as " The West Kirk ") which was founded as a Free Church ( a church free from Edinburgh control ) thus causing the Inverurie Parish Church to change its name.
Formally established during the Han Dynasty, zhou continued to exist until the establishment of the Republic of China — a period of over 2000 years.
Formally trained in Rome and Paris, he exhibited in venues from Paris to New York to Beirut over his career.
Formally, an algebraic function in n variables over the field K is an element of the algebraic closure of the field of rational functions K ( x < sub > 1 </ sub >,..., x < sub > n </ sub >).
Formally, if there is a utility function that describes preferences over L commodities, the expenditure function
Formally established in 1922, over the decades Woodcraft Rangers has modified Seton ’ s original emphasis on outdoor life to incorporate activities that meet the needs of an increasingly urban population, but the goal of changing behavior and encouraging positive outcomes through interaction and education remains central to its mission today.
Formally and here
Formally, we have for the approximation to the full solution A, a series in the small parameter ( here called ), like the following:
Formally and is
Formally organized vocational programs supported by federal funds allow high school students to gain experience in a field of work which is likely to lead to a full-time job on graduation.
Formally, the set of all context-free languages is identical to the set of languages accepted by pushdown automata ( PDA ).
More rigorously, the divergence of a vector field F at a point p is defined as the limit of the net flow of F across the smooth boundary of a three dimensional region V divided by the volume of V as V shrinks to p. Formally,
Formally, the base is known as Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia ( the US activity ) or Permanent Joint Operating Base ( PJOB ) Diego Garcia ( the UK's term ).
Formally, there is a clear distinction: " DFT " refers to a mathematical transformation or function, regardless of how it is computed, whereas " FFT " refers to a specific family of algorithms for computing DFTs.
Formally, oxidation state is the hypothetical charge that an atom would have if all bonds to atoms of different elements were 100 % ionic.
Formally, if M is a set, the identity function f on M is defined to be that function with domain and codomain M which satisfies
Formally, a profinite group is a Hausdorff, compact, and totally disconnected topological group: that is, a topological group that is also a Stone space.
Formally, this sharing of dynamics is referred to as universality, and systems with precisely the same critical exponents are said to belong to the same universality class.