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Judah and III
Between 734 and 727 Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria conducted almost annual campaigns in Palestine, reducing Israel, Judah and the Philistine cities to vassalage, receiving tribute from Ammon, Moab and Edom, and absorbing Damascus ( the kingdom of Aram ) into the Assyrian empire.
* Judah III, third-and fourth-century sage
It bears the seal of King Ahaz of Judah, who ruled from 732-716 BC. Another important source regarding the historicity of Ahaz comes from Tiglat Pileser III annals, mentioning tributes and payments he received from Ahaz, king of Judah and Menahem, king of Israel
In c. 732 BCE, Pekah allied with Rezin, king of Aram, threatened Jerusalem, and Ahaz, king of Judah, appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III, the king of Assyria, for help.
Ahaz, king of Judah, appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III, the king of Assyria, for help.
When Pekah allied with Rezin, king of Aram to attack Ahaz, the king of Judah, Ahaz appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III, the king of Assyria, for help.
early 3rd century ), disciple and grandson of Judah haNasi, and son and successor of Gamaliel III as Nasi.
Finally, it moved to Tiberias in 193, under the presidency of Gamaliel III ( 193 – 230 ) ben Judah haNasi, where it became more of a consistory, but still retained, under the presidency of Judah II ( 230 – 270 ), the power of excommunication.
* 853 BC: The Battle of Qarqar in which Jerusalem's forces were likely involved in an indecisive battle against Shalmaneser III of Neo-Assyria ( Jehoshaphat of Judah was allied to Ahab of the Israel according to the Bible ).
* c. 740 BC: Assyrian inscriptions record military victories of Tiglath Pileser III over Uzziah of Judah.
* 733 BC: According to the Bible, Jerusalem becomes a vassal of the Neo-Assyrian Empire after Ahaz of Judah appeals to Tiglath Pileser III of the Neo-Assyrian Empire to protect the city from Pekah of Israel and Rezin of Aram.
He was the son and successor of Judah III.
He was son of Gamaliel III, brother of Judah II, and probably a pupil of his grandfather Judah I.
# The full name of Ahaz of Judah, by which he is mentioned in the annals of Tiglath-Pileser III
As Judah III is also designated as " Judah Nesi ' ah ," it is often difficult, sometimes impossible, to determine which one of these patriarchs is referred to.
* Judah III4th generation amoraic sage.
: For the Amora sage of the 6th generation, see Judah IV ( Nesi ' ah III ).
Judah III ( or Nesi ' ah II ; Hebrew: יהודה הנשיא ) held the office of Nasi of the ancient Jewish Sanhedrin between 290 and 320 CE.
It is often difficult to know when the Mishna and Talmud are referring to Judah II or Judah III ; they do not clearly distinguish between them.

Judah and d
* 1933 – Judah Folkman, American cancer researcher ( d. 2008 )
* 1912 – Judah Nadich, American rabbi ( d. 2007 )
* March 4 – Theodore Judah, railroad engineer ( d. 1863 )
* Gershom ben Judah ( d.
* Shmuel ( d. 254 ), disciple of Judah haNasi's students and others.
* Resh Lakish ( d. late 3rd century ), disciple of Judah haNasi, Rabbi Yannai and others, and colleague of Rabbi Yochanan.
* Rabbi Yochanan ( d. 279 or 289 ), disciple of Judah haNasi and Rabbi Yannai.
His work Dialoghi d ' amore (" Dialogues of Love "), written in Italian, was one of the most important philosophical works of his time In an attempt to circumvent a plot, hatched by local Catholic Bishops to kidnap his son, Judah sent his son from Castile, to Portugal with a nurse, but by order of the king, the son was seized and baptized.
In Dialoghi d ' amore, Judah defines love in philosophical terms.
In classical rabbinical literature, the name is interpreted as a combination of Yahweh and a dalet ( the letter d ); in Gematria, the dalet has the numerical value 4, which these rabbinical sources argue refers to Judah being Jacob's fourth son.
The death of Judah Maccabee ( d. 160 BCE ) stirred the Jews to renewed resistance.
Hasdai ben Judah Crescas (; ; b. Barcelona, c. 1340 ; d. Zaragoza, 1410 / 1411 ) was a Spanish-Jewish philosopher and a renowned halakhist ( teacher of Jewish law ).
Equicola ’ s Libro della natura d ’ amore ( 1495 ), Pietro Bembo ’ s Asolani and Francesco Cattani da Diacceto ’ s De amore were published while Judah was writing.
In his Dialoghi d ' amore, Judah ( Leon ) Abravanel seeks to define love in philosophical terms.
* March 4-Theodore Judah, American engineer who argued the case for construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad ( d. 1863 ).
Judah Rosanes of Constantinople ( d. 1727 ), in his " Parashat Derakim ," combined the darshan with the maggid.
He was a pupil of Jacob Margolioth of Nuremberg, with whose son Isaac he officiated in the rabbinate of Prague about 1490 ; but he first became known during the latter part of the activity of Judah Minz ( d. 1508 ), who opposed him in 1492 regarding a question of divorce.
Judah Löb Borges ( d. 1872 ), a member of the community distinguished for his Talmudic and literary attainments, officiated temporarily whenever there was a vacancy in the rabbinate.

Judah and .
Scholars place Antoninus Pius as the leading candidate for fulfilling the role as a friend of Rabbi Judah the Prince.
According to the Talmud ( Avodah Zarah 10a-b ), Rabbi Judah was very wealthy and greatly revered in Rome.
He had a close friendship with " Antoninus ", possibly Antoninus Pius, who would consult Rabbi Judah on various worldly and spiritual matters.
Ahab became king of Israel in the thirty-eighth year of Asa, king of Judah, and reigned for twenty-two years.
During Ahab's reign, Moab, which had been conquered by his father, remained tributary ; while Judah, with whose king, Jehoshaphat, he was allied by marriage, was probably his vassal.
If, however, the numbers are referring to allies it could possibly include forces from Tyre, Judah, Edom, and Moab.
Three years later, war broke out on the east of the Jordan River, and Ahab with Jehoshaphat of Judah went to recover Ramoth-Gilead.
All Israel and Judah flocked to his side, and David, attended only by the Cherethites and Pelethites and his former body guard that had followed him from Gath, found it expedient to flee.
David, who was accepted as king by Judah alone, was meanwhile reigning at Hebron, and for some time war was carried on between the two parties.
Amos lived in the kingdom of Judah but preached in the northern kingdom of Israel.
Amos was a prophet during the reign of Jeroboam ben Joash ( Jeroboam II ), ruler of Israel from 793 BC to 753 BC, and the reign of Uzziah, King of Judah, at a time when both kingdoms ( Israel in the North and Judah in the South ) were peaking in prosperity.
Rehoboam is reported to have fortified Tekoa along with other cities in Judah in 2 Chronicles 11: 5-6.
As it is with all nations that rise up against the kingdom of God, even Israel and Judah will not be exempt from the judgment of God because of their idolatry and unjust ways.
* Oracles ( or prophecies against the Gentile nations which surrounded Judah during the time of its writing ( 1. 3-2. 6 )
# Abijah ( queen ), the daughter of Zechariah ( 2 Chronicles 29: 1 ), who married King Ahaz of Judah.
# A wife of Hetzron, one of the grandchildren of Judah.
# Abijah ( king ) of the Kingdom of Judah, also known as Abijam ( אבים ' aḄiYaM " My Father is Yam "), who was son of Rehoboam and succeeded him on the throne of Judah.
In the traditional literature he is referred to almost exclusively as Rav, " the Master ", ( both his contemporaries and posterity recognizing in him a master ), just as his teacher, Judah I, was known simply as Rabbi.
His father, Aibo, was a brother of Chiyya, who lived in Palestine, and was a highly esteemed scholar in the collegiate circle of the patriarch Judah I.
While Judah I was still living, Rav, having been duly ordained as teacher — though not without certain restrictions ( Sanhedrin 5a )— returned to Babylonia, where he at once began a career that was destined to mark an epoch in the development of Babylonian Judaism.
Samuel, another disciple of Judah I, at the same time brought to the academy at Nehardea a high degree of prosperity ; in fact, it was at the school of Rav that Jewish learning in Babylonia found its permanent home and center.
That method takes the Mishnah of Judah ha-Nasi as a text or foundation, adding to it the other tannaitic traditions, and deriving from all of them the theoretical explanations and practical applications of the religious Law.

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