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Some Related Sentences

Nazarenus and Jewish
In the 18th century, " heresy " was clarified to mean Judaism and Islam ; along with outright paganism, this created a fourfold classification which spawned such works as John Toland's Nazarenus, or Jewish, Gentile, and Mahometan Christianity, which represented the three Abrahamic religions as different " nations " or sects within religion itself, the true monotheism.

Nazarenus and with
The bottom part bears a copper strip adorned with a monogram separated by rosettes * IN * PE * RA * TO * RE BT *, which means: Jhezus Nazarenus * Principi Emathie * Regi Albaniae * Terrori Osmanorum * Regi Epirotarum * Benedictat Te ( Jesus Nazarene Blesses Thee, Prince of Mat, King of Albania, Terror of the Ottomans, King of Epirus ).

Jewish and Gentile
In effect, however, the Jerusalem Church created a double standard: one for Jewish Christians and one for Gentile converts.
( Today, Reform and Reconstructionist Jews also include those born of Jewish fathers and Gentile mothers if the children are raised as Jews.
The first Christians, Jewish and Gentile, were certainly aware of the Hebrew calendar (; ; ; ; ), but there is no direct evidence that they celebrated any specifically Christian annual festivals.
A Roman soldier and follower of Mithraism discovers the faith on his death bed, after having tried to defuse tension between the Gentile and Jewish Christians over issues of Mosaic Law such as circumcision and the preparation of food.
Fitzmyer argues that with the return of the Jews to Rome in 54 new conflict arose between the Gentile Christians and the Jewish Christians who had formerly been expelled.
In the flow of the letter, Paul shifts his arguments, sometimes addressing the Jewish members of the church, sometimes the Gentile membership and sometimes the church as a whole.
# Paul is aware that there is some conflict between Gentile and Jewish Christians in the Roman church, and he addressed those concerns ( chapters thirteen and the first half of fourteen ).
While the Roman church was presumably founded by Jewish Christians, the exile of Jews from Rome in AD 49 by Claudius resulted in Gentile Christians taking leadership positions.
If Matthew's prime concern was to preserve the Jewish character of the church, he failed: Christianity became a Gentile religion, and Christianity and Judaism came to view each other as opposites.
However, the Great Commission is specifically directed at " all nations ," and an early difficulty arose concerning the matter of Gentile ( non-Jewish ) converts as to whether they had to " become Jewish " ( usually referring to circumcision and adherence to dietary law ), as part of becoming Christian.
The Book of Acts admits conflicts between Hebrews and Hellenists, and Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians, and Aramaic speakers and Greek speakers.
In opposition to the school of Ferdinand Christian Baur, who considered him a Jewish Christian, Albrecht Ritschl has pointed out that it was precisely because he was a Gentile Christian that he did not fully understand the Old Testament foundation of Paul's teaching, and explained in this way the modified character of his Paulinism and his legal mode of thought.
He knows of a division among the orthodox only on the question of the millennium and on the attitude toward the milder Jewish Christianity, which he personally is willing to tolerate as long as its professors in their turn do not interfere with the liberty of the Gentile converts ; his millenarianism seems to have no connection with Judaism, but he believes firmly in a millennium, and generally in the Christian eschatology.
Christianity emerged early in the first century AD as a movement among Jews ( Jewish Christians ) and their Gentile converts ( sometimes called Godfearers ) who believed that Jesus is the Christ or Messiah.
That most persistent of all patriarchal societies, the Jewish, retains to a certain extent its tribal law in the Gentile cities of the West.
Roncalli used this office to help the Jewish underground in saving thousands of refugees in Europe, leading some to consider him to be a Righteous Gentile ( see Pope John XXIII and Judaism ).
The judgment on the Jewish nation was executed by the Roman legions, " the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet " (), which Luke presented to his Gentile audience, unfamiliar with Daniel, as " armies " surrounding Jerusalem to cause its " desolation.
In the first century Gentile ( non-Jewish ) inclusion was the significant issue, see Circumcision controversy in early Christianity, while two millennia later Jewish exclusion is the issue ( though Jewish exclusion may have begun as early as the exclusion of Jews from Aelia Capitolina c. 135, see also Jewish Bishops of Jerusalem and Anti-Judaism ).
Modern Christian descriptions of the New Testament teaching in this area focus on Gentile inclusion in God's plans, without much if any consideration of Jewish exclusion.
Although modern Christians, nearly all of whom are Gentiles, naturally believe in Gentile inclusion, they are divided in their understanding of whether the New Testament teaches Jewish exclusion.
The judgment on the Jewish nation was executed by the Roman legions, " the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet " (), which Luke presented to his Gentile audience, unfamiliar with Daniel, as " armies " surrounding Jerusalem to cause its " desolation.
The Gimli-Legolas relationship has been seen as Tolkien's reply toward " Gentile anti-Semitism and Jewish exclusiveness ".
The reasoning for this variance is as follows: While Titus may have been the norm in the epistles, a Gentile not converted to Judaism, Paul nevertheless made an exception for Timothy, whom he circumcised and brought under the Covenant, probably because though Timothy's father was Greek, his mother was Jewish.

Jewish and Mahometan
* John Toland-Nazarenus, or Jewish, Gentile and Mahometan Christianity

Jewish and Christianity
Scholars think that Luke attempts to legitimate Christianity by rooting it in Israelite tradition as evidenced by Luke constantly relating Christianity to Jewish religion.
Whereas the members of Jewish Christianity were circumcised and adhered to dietary laws, the Pauline Christianity featured in Acts did not require Gentiles to be circumcised or to obey all of the Mosaic laws, which is consistent with Noahide Law.
Christianity began as a Jewish sect in the mid-1st century.
Criticism of Christianity continues to date, e. g. Jewish and Muslim theologians criticize the doctrine of the Trinity held by most Christians, stating that this doctrine in effect assumes that there are three Gods, running against the basic tenet of monotheism.
In the beginning of Christendom, early Christianity was a religion spread in the Greek / Roman world and beyond as a 1st century Jewish sect, which historians refer to as Jewish Christianity.
Christian attitudes to Judaism and to the Jewish people developed from the early years of Christianity, the persecution of Christians in the New Testament, and persisted over the ensuing centuries, driven by numerous factors including theological differences, competition between Church and Synagogue, the Christian drive for converts decreed by the Great Commission, misunderstanding of Jewish beliefs and practices, and a perceived Jewish hostility toward Christians.
Antisemitism has been described as primarily hatred against Jews as a race with its modern expression rooted in 19th century racial theories, while anti-Judaism is described as hostility to Jewish religion, but in Western Christianity it effectively merged into antisemitism during the 12th century.
The position that " Christian theological anti-Judaism is a phenomenon distinct from modern antisemitism, which is rooted in economic and racial thought, so that Christian teachings should not be held responsible for antisemitism " has been articulated, among other places, by Pope John Paul II in ' We Re member: A Reflection on the Shoah ,' and the Jewish declaration on Christianity, Dabru Emet .. Several scholars, including Susannah Heschel, Gavin I Langmuir and Uriel Tal the General Synod has affirmed that " the good news of salvation in Jesus Christ is for all and must be shared with all including people from other faiths or of no faith and that to do anything else would be to institutionalize discrimination ".
Christianity is characterized by its claim to universality, which marks a significant break from current Jewish identity and thought, but has its roots in Hellenistic Judaism.
Judaism does not see human beings as inherently flawed or sinful and needful of being saved from it, but rather capable with a free will of being righteous, and unlike Christianity does not closely associate ideas of " salvation " with a New Covenant delivered by a Jewish messiah, although in Judaism Jewish people will have a renewed national commitment of observing God's commandments under the New Covenant, and the Jewish Messiah will also be ruling at a time of global peace and acceptance of God by all people.
* Jewish Encyclopedia: Christianity in its Relation to Judaism
The alleged connection with Jewish Christianity would have reflected Jewish Christian concerns with the inviolability of ( Jewish ) monotheism.
This is consistent with the celebration of Easter having entered Christianity during its earliest, Jewish period, but does not leave the question free of doubt.
The central dispute in the letter concerns the question of how Gentiles could convert to Christianity, which shows that this letter was written at a very early stage in church history, when the vast majority of Christians were Jewish or Jewish proselytes, which historians refer to as the Jewish Christians.

Jewish and containing
The Jewish Talmud, dating back about 1800 years, suggests a cure for gum ailments containing " dough water " and olive oil.
In 1922, Himmler became more interested in the ' Jewish question ', with his diary entries containing an increasing number of antisemitic remarks and recording a number of discussions about Jews with his classmates.
The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia advanced a theory of Assyriologists like Friedrich Delitzsch ( and of Marcello Craveri ), that shabbat originally arose from the lunar cycle in the Babylonian calendar containing four weeks ending in Sabbath, plus one or two additional unreckoned days per month.
A siddur (; plural סדורים siddurim ) is a Jewish prayer book, containing a set order of daily prayers.
The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia advanced a theory of Assyriologists like Friedrich Delitzsch ( and of Marcello Craveri ), that shabbat originally arose from the lunar cycle in the Babylonian calendar containing four weeks ending in Sabbath, plus one or two additional unreckoned days per month.
In late 1999 a suitcase belonging to Schindler was discovered, containing over 7, 000 photographs and documents, including the list of Schindler's Jewish workers.
On 14 May 1948, a Jewish state, Israel is proclaimed, one day before the mandate expired and just before the General Assembly began a discussion on the main resolution containing the U. S. idea on the trusteeship of Palestine.
** Hurvat Etri ()-remains of a Jewish village from the 1st-2nd centuries CE, containing Mikvehs, a synagogue, a columbarium, and burial caves.
In 1942, the Lager Norderney camp, containing Russian and Polish POWs, and the Lager Sylt camp, a concentration camp holding Jewish slave labourers, were placed under the control of the SS-Hauptsturmführer Maximilian List.
Back in the summer of 1940 and again in February 1941, al-Husseini submitted to the Nazi German Government a draft declaration of German-Arab cooperation, containing a clause: Germany and Italy recognize the right of the Arab countries to solve the question of the Jewish elements, which exist in Palestine and in the other Arab countries, as required by the national and ethnic ( völkisch ) interests of the Arabs, and as the Jewish question was solved in Germany and Italy.
Many Modern Orthodox synagogues, and many synagogues of other Jewish movements, however, have the Israeli flag with the Star of David prominently displayed at the front of the synagogues near the Ark containing the Torah scrolls.
There is also a Jewish cemetery, containing some remarkable monuments including tombstone of the parents of Gustav Mahler.
* Gold ( or names containing the word Gold ) is a common surname among people of Jewish ancestry of European ancestry ( Ashkenazi Jews ).
A genizah ( or geniza ; Hebrew: " storage "; plural: genizot or genizoth or genizahs ) is the store-room or depository in a Jewish synagogue ( or cemetery ), usually specifically for worn-out Hebrew-language books and papers on religious topics that were stored there before they could receive a proper cemetery burial, it being forbidden to throw away writings containing the name of God ( even personal letters and legal contracts could open with an invocation of God ).
The first proposal for the creation of Jewish and Arab states in the British Mandate of Palestine was made in the Peel Commission report of 1937, with the Mandate continuing to cover only a small area containing Jerusalem.
A second edition was issued in 1849 by the first American Jewish Publication Society ; and a third ( Cincinnati, 1864 ) has an appendix containing thirty-two poems ( bearing date 1838-1847 ), all but two reprinted from " The Occident.
Nearby are the Centre Georges Pompidou containing the Musée National d ' Art Moderne, the Musée d ' Art et d ' Histoire du Judaïsme ( museum of Jewish art and history ) and the Jardin Anne-Frank ( garden honouring Anne Frank ).
Israeli humour featured many of the same themes as Jewish humour elsewhere, making fun of the country and its habits, while containing a fair bit of gallows humour as well, as a joke from a 1950 Israeli joke book indicates:
Surviving examples of responsa literature show that the Aleppo Codex was consulted by far-flung Jewish scholars throughout the Middle Ages, and modern studies have shown it to be the most accurate representation of Masoretic principles in any extant manuscript, containing very few errors among the roughly 2. 7 million orthographic details that make up the Masoretic Text.
His works were criticized by a writer for the Institute for Global Jewish Affairs, part of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs ( an Israeli NGO ), for allegedly containing antisemitism.
A Syrian Malabar Nasrani Church in Kerala, with the Holy of Holies containing the Nasrani Menorah or Mar Thoma Sliba ( St. Thomas Cross ) veiled by a red curtain in the tradition of Temple in Jerusalem | ancient Jewish synagogue.
Kensington is a very diverse neighborhood, containing Ukrainian, South Asian ( Bangladeshi and Pakistani ), Chinese, Orthodox Jewish, Hasidic, Irish, Polish, Italian, Albanian, Russian, Latino, Mexican, and Caribbean communities.
The website of the New South Wales Jewish Board of Deputies has a page on the Geography of Israel containing a description of Israel's borders, including the following :- Egypt to the south and Jordan to the east.

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