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1275 – 1341 ) was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1315 or 1316 until his death.
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1275 and –
St. Raymond of Penyafort ( 1175 – 1275 ), a Spanish Dominican priest, is the patron saint of canonists, due to his important contributions to the science of canon law.
Giovanni d ' Andrea or Johannes Andreæ, ( c. 1270 / 1275 – 1348 ) was an Italian expert in canon law, the most renowned and successful canonist of the later Middle Ages.
In early Islamic states of the western Sudan, including Ghana ( 750 – 1076 ), Mali ( 1235 – 1645 ), Segou ( 1712 – 1861 ), and Songhai ( 1275 – 1591 ), about a third of the population were enslaved.
* 1275 – Eleanor de Montfort is captured by pirates in the employ of Edward I of England to prevent her marriage to Llywelyn the Last, prince of Wales ; she is used as a bargaining chip over the coming years in Edward's attempts to subjugate Llywelyn and Wales.
* 1275 – Scottish forces defeat the Manx of the Isle of Man in a decisive battle, firmly establishing Scottish rule of the island.
* 1275 – April 22 – The first Statute of Westminster is passed by the English parliament, establishing a series of laws in its 51 clauses, including equal treatment of rich and poor, free and fair elections, and definition of bailable and non-bailable offenses.
* 1274 – The first main survey of the Hundred Rolls, an English census seen as a follow up to the Domesday Book completed in 1086, is begun ; it lasts until 1275.
* 1275 – Jean de Meun completes the French allegorical work of fiction, Roman de la Rose, with a second section ; the first section was written by Guillaume de Lorris in 1230.
* 1275 – A purported witch is first burned to death by sentence of a judicial inquisitor in Toulouse, France.
1275 and was
This quotation was based upon the writings of the Venetian explorer Marco Polo who is widely believed to have visited Xanadu in about 1275.
In 1275 a new shrine was constructed, the ruined base of which remains to this day ( see photo ), which was originally surmounted by an ornamental wooden canopy with murals of St David, St Patrick and St Denis of France.
At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Symmachus and Boethius ( or, less frequently, year 1275 Ab urbe condita ).
After a short period under an Imperial vicar, Ravenna was returned to the Papal States in 1248 and again to the Traversari until, in 1275, the Da Polenta established their long-lasting seigniory.
This was a blessing in disguise for Charles, for the Ghibellines now controlled most of the north, and he was forced to retreat from Piedmont in late 1275.
Year 1275 ( MCCLXXV ) was a common year starting on Tuesday ( link will display the full calendar ) of the Julian calendar.
* 1275 ( Bun ' ei 11, 10th month ): Hirohito-shinnō was named Crown Prince and heir to his first cousin, the Daikakuji-tō Emperor Go-Uda.
The compilation of the Hundred Rolls was followed shortly after by the issue of Westminster I ( 1275 ), which asserted the royal prerogative and outlined restrictions on liberties.
The Assassins recaptured and held Alamut for a few months in 1275, but they were crushed and their political power was lost forever.
It was founded in 1275 and completed in 1634, with the exception of the towers, which were finished in 1869.
He was followed by Adad-nirari I ( 1295 – 1275 BC ) who continued expansion to the northwest, mainly at the expense of the Hittites and Hurrians, conquering Hittite territories such as Carchemish and beyond.
Magnus III Ladulås of Sweden, ( 1240 – December 18, 1290 ) was King of Sweden from 1275 until his death in 1290.
In 1275, a Song force of 130, 000 troops under Chancellor Jia Sidao was defeated by Kublai's newly appointed commander-in-chief, general Bayan.
* Alexander III of Scotland ( 1286 ), was buried here, with his first wife Margaret of England ( 1275 ) and their sons David of Scotland ( 1281 ) and Alexander of Scotland ( 1284 )
Only scarce remains ( mainly tower-houses in tuff ) can be seen today, as it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1275.
To support a second war against Frederick II, the Milanese borrowed a cup of gold from Monza ; for its return is necessary to resort to excommunication, which was imposed in 1254: the cup is returned, but missing 17 gems, as shown an inventory of 1275.