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According to Aboriginal anthropologist Kathleen Butler-McIlwraith, there were many occasions when the Catholic Church attempted to advocate for Aboriginal rights, but the missionaries were also " functionaries of the Protection and Assimilation policies " of the government and so " directly contributed to the current disadvantage experienced by Indigenous Australians ".
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According and Aboriginal
According to Australian Aboriginal mythology and the animist framework of the descendants of these early Australians, the Dreaming is a sacred era in which ancestral Totemic Spirit Beings formed The Creation.
According to Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, the Métis were historically the children of French fur traders and Nehiyaw women or, from unions of English or Scottish traders and northern Dene women ( Anglo-Métis ).
According to the North American archeological and Aboriginal genetic evidence, North and South America were the last continents in the world with human habitation.
* According to Aboriginal tribal songs, the Bunarong Tribe lived and hunted on French Island, until they were massacred by a warring Gippsland tribe.
According to the 2001 census, 95. 5 % of the population is Caucasian, 1. 7 % Aboriginal, 1. 1 % Black, 0. 2 % Korean, and 0. 3 % of other Asian descent.
According to Canadian historian Constance Backhouse, the Aboriginal " give-away dances " were ceremonies more commonly known as potlatches that connected entire communities politically, economically and socially.
According to John Green, the Inspector of Aboriginal Stations in Victoria and later manager of Corranderrk, the people were able to achieve a " sustainable " degree of economic independence: " In the course of one week or so they will all be living in huts instead of willams housing ; they have also during that time months made as many rugs, which has enabled them to buy boots, hats, coats etc., and some of them even bought horses.
According to the Alcheringa, the dreaming of the local Aboriginal peoples, Mount Keira is Geera, the daughter of Oola-boola-woo, the West Wind.
According to ' Aboriginal Plant Use in Canada's Northwest Boreal Forest ', the inner bark has also been used as a poultice to treat cuts, infected wounds, frostbite, boils and hemorrhoids.
According to Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada this two year remediation will cover:
According to Aboriginal history researchers the indigenous population declined to around 10, 000 over the next 60 years.
According to Sotheby's Tim Klingender, Emily was " an example of an Aboriginal artist who was relentlessly pursued by carpetbaggers towards the end of her career and produced a large but inconsistent body of work.
According and anthropologist
According to Scott Simpson, the Gona Project's physical anthropologist, the fossil evidence from the Middle Awash indicates that both A. kadabba and A. ramidus lived in " a mosaic of woodland and grasslands with lakes, swamps and springs nearby ," but further research is needed to determine which habitat Ardipithecus at Gona preferred.
According to the anthropologist Tim Ingold, animism shares similarities to totemism but differs in its focus on individual spirit beings which help to perpetuate life, whereas totemism more typically holds that there is a primary source, such as the land itself or the ancestors, who provide the basis to life.
However, Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Sussex said Kanzō Umehara considered the Ainu and some Ryukyuans to have " preserved their proto-Mongoloid traits " According to anthropologist Elsie Clews Parsons physical features of the Proto-Mongoloid were characterized as, " a straight-haired type, medium in complexion, jaw protrusion, nose-breadth, and inclining probably to round-headedness ".
According to the anthropologist Dumenica Verdoni, writing new literature in modern Corsican, known as the Riacquistu, is an integral part of affirming Corsican identity.
According to the research of Russian anthropologist S. M. Shirokogoroff, in the Manchu tribe of the Amur river mothers used to put their male babies ' penises into mouths as a caress, since it was not considered a sexual act.
According to anthropologist Thayer Scudder, who has studied these communities since the late 1950s, " Today, most are still ' development refugees.
According to anthropologist Roger D. Abrahams, these traditional performance art forms are " Nevisian approximation of British performance codes, techniques, and patterns ".
According to social anthropologist María Clemencia Ramírez, the relationship between the guerrillas and the marches was ambivalent: FARC-EP promoted the 1996 protests as part of their participatory democracy policies yet also exercised authoritarianism, which led to tensions and negotiations with peasant leaders, but the cocalero movement brought proposals on behalf of the coca growers and defended its own interests.
According to anthropologist Maurice Godelier, one critical novelty in human society, in contrast to humanity's closest biological relatives ( chimpanzees and bonobo ), is the parental role assumed by the males, which supposedly would be absent in our nearest relatives for whom paternity is not generally determinable.
According to anthropologist Paul R. Mullins, the first cookbook mentioning doughnuts was an 1803 English volume which included doughnuts in an appendix of American recipes.
According to the anthropologist Maurice Godelier, the parental role assumed by human males is a critical difference between human society and that of humans ' closest biological relatives — chimpanzees and bonobos — who appear to be unaware of their " father " connection.
According to Diane LeBow, " atriarchal societies are often described as ... egalitarian ...", although anthropologist Ruby Rohrlich has written of " the centrality of women in an egalitarian society.
According to anthropologist Margaret Mead, the turmoil found in adolescence in Western society has a cultural rather than a physical cause ; they reported that societies where young women engaged in free sexual activity had no such adolescent turmoil.
According to Uradyn E. Bulag, anthropologist at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, USA, Mongols are displaying significant linguistic anxiety about losing their language and linguistic identity to powerful Chinese nationalistic and cultural forces.
According to cultural anthropologist Ruth Benedict, shame is a violation of cultural or social values while guilt feelings arise from violations of one's internal values.
According to the anthropologist Ruth Benedict, cultures may be classified by their emphasis on the use of either shame or guilt to regulate the social activities of individuals.
According to anthropologist Desmond Morris, the gesture probably came to the United States via Italian immigrants.
According to President Gandhi, a trained anthropologist and historian, Azania was selected as the name for the new administration because of its historical importance, as " Azania was a name given to Somalia more than 2, 500 years ago and it was given by Egyptian sailors who used to get a lot of food reserves from the Somali Coast [...] Its origin is Arabic word meaning the land of plenty.
According to anthropologist Henry Otley Beyer, while many other accidental finds have been recorded from time to time and a few burial caves and sites had been casually explored by European or local scientists, no systematic work had been done anywhere else prior to these explorations.
According to anthropologist W. Lloyd Warner, the upper class in the United States during the 1930s was divided into the upper-upper and the lower-upper classes.
According to Ahmed S. Akbar, participant observation has its roots in anthropology and its use as a methodology can be attributed to Abū Rayhān Bīrūnī ( 973-1048 ), a Persian anthropologist who carried out extensive, personal investigations of the peoples, customs and religions of the Indian subcontinent.
According to linguist and anthropologist William Bright, the name is from the Koyukon ( Athabaskan ) tene no, tenene, literally " trail river ".
According to anthropologist Stanley Ambrose, such events diminish populations to " levels low enough for evolutionary changes, which occur much faster in small populations, to produce rapid population differentiation ".
According and Kathleen
According to librarian Kathleen Hensmen, Wail al-Shehri and Waleed al-Shehri used Internet access at Delray Beach Public Library in August 2001, where they may have been looking at information on crop dusting.
According to librarian Kathleen Hensmen, Wail and Waleed al-Shehri used the Internet access at Delray Beach Public Library in August 2001, where they may have been looking at information on crop dusting ; they reportedly left the library with a third Middle Eastern man thought to be Marwan al-Shehhi, who Hensmen said asked her for the name of a local restaurant.
According to Görtz, Kathleen consisted of a map, on which was the suggestion of a German landing similar to that at Narvik, in the vicinity of Derry — an amphibious assault.
According to Kathleen Berger, author of the text The Developing Person, guilt plays a significant role in shaping a young child's self-concept.
According to his daughter, Kathleen Keleny, it was named after Sir Isaac Pitman, then vice-president of the Vegetarian Society.