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According to Ar-Rahīq al-Makhtum, a modern Islamic hagiography of Muhammad written by the Indian Muslim author Saif ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, the reason for war against the Byzantine Empire, was that one of Muhammad's ambassadors was killed by Sharhabeel bin ‘ Amr Al-Ghassani ( the governor of Al-Balqa ).
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According and modern
According to Akbar S. Ahmed, like modern anthropologists, he engaged in extensive participant observation with a given group of people, learnt their language and studied their primary texts, and presented his findings with objectivity and neutrality using cross-cultural comparisons.
According to the fossil record, Lissamphibia, which includes all modern amphibians and is the only surviving lineage, may have branched off from the extinct groups Temnospondyli and Lepospondyli at some period between the Late Carboniferous and the Early Triassic.
According to Tillich, the last of these three types of existential anxiety, i. e. spiritual anxiety, is predominant in modern times while the others were predominant in earlier periods.
According to modern pueblo people, this road represents the connection to the shipapu, the place of emergence of the ancestors or a dimensional doorway.
According to the dramatist Aeschylus, in the distant past they had lived in Scythia ( modern Crimea ), at the Palus Maeotis (" Lake Maeotis ", the Sea of Azov ), but later moved to Themiscyra on the River Thermodon ( the Terme river in northern Turkey ).
According to the standard modern text on the work, Lamar Ronald Lacey's The Myth of Aktaion: Literary and Iconographic Studies, the most likely original version of the myth is that Actaeon was the hunting companion of the goddess who, seeing her naked in her sacred spring, attempts to force himself on her.
According to David Steel, curator of European art at the North Carolina Museum of Art, Erin Jones " brought that museum into the modern era ," employing " a top-notch curator, John Nolan ," and following " best practices in conservation and restoration.
According to this research, genetic markers commonly found in modern humans worldwide suggest that today many people carry a gene that evolved as protection against the brain diseases that can be spread by consuming human brain tissue.
According to Emile Benveniste ( 1954 ), the earliest written occurrence in English of civilisation in its modern sense may be found in Adam Ferguson's An Essay on the History of Civil Society ( Edinburgh, 1767 – p. 2 ): " Not only the individual advances from infancy to manhood, but the species itself from rudeness to civilisation.
According to Catholic theologian Karl Rahner, the purpose of modern Christology is to formulate the Christian belief that " God became man and that God-made-man is the individual Jesus Christ " in a manner that this statement can be understood consistently, without the confusions of past debates and mythologies.
According to Carl Mitcham, " the Christian mythology of progress toward transcendent salvation " created the conditions for modern ideas of scientific and technological progress.
According to Mircea Eliade, the medieval " Gioacchinian myth [...] of universal renovation in a more or less imminent future " has influenced a number of modern theories of history, such as those of Lessing ( who explicitly compares his views to those of medieval " enthusiasts "), Fichte, Hegel, and Schelling, and has also influenced a number of Russian writers.
According to the anthropologist Dumenica Verdoni, writing new literature in modern Corsican, known as the Riacquistu, is an integral part of affirming Corsican identity.
According to the Order of the Nazoreans Essenes, there are seven types of modern essenes: the Nazorean Essenes of the Order of O: N: E :, the Dead Sea Scroll Essenes, the Scholar Essenes, the New Age Essenes, the Szekely Essenes, the Rastafari Essenes and the Hippy Essenes.
According to Margaret Bent, " Renaissance notation is under-prescriptive by our standards ; when translated into modern form it acquires a prescriptive weight that overspecifies and distorts its original openness.
According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the term has two distinct definitions in modern English.
According to the Recent African Ancestry theory, modern humans evolved in Africa possibly from Homo heidelbergensis and migrated out of the continent some 50, 000 to 100, 000 years ago, replacing local populations of Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis.
According to political philosopher Nikolas Kompridis, the pursuit of freedom in the modern era can be broadly divided into two motivating ideals: freedom as autonomy, or independence ; and freedom as the ability to cooperatively initiate a new beginning.
According to one estimation, " Homeric Greek is probably closer to demotic than twelfth-century Middle English is to modern spoken English.
According to the modern scholar Pat Southern, however, some historians now see him in a more positive light.
According to First Facts, it states that the " gas mask resembling the modern type was patented by Lewis Phectic Haslett of Louisville, Kentucky who received a patent on June 12, 1849.
According to English philologist Walter William Skeat ( 1835-1912 ), the origin is to be found in the name for a cask or liquid measure appearing in various forms in several Teutonic languages, in Dutch oxhooft ( modern okshoofd ), Danish oxehoved, Old Swedish oxhufvod, etc.
According to the recent single origin hypothesis, anatomically modern humans arose in East Africa approximately 200, 000 years ago.
According to modern portfolio theory, rational investors will seek to hold portfolios that are mean / variance efficient ( that is, portfolios offer the highest level of return per unit of risk, and the lowest level of risk per unit of return ).
According to the Regulations and Instructions relating to His Majesty's Service at Sea, which had been published for the first time in 1733 by the Admiralty, sailors were entitled to a gallon of weak beer daily ( 5 / 6 of the usual British gallon, equivalent to the modern American gallon or slightly more than three and a half litres ).
According and Islamic
According to Roy Gutman, after the failed counter-coup, this " opened a profound and long-lasting schism " among the Islamist and Islamic movement.
According to scholars, dhimmis had their rights fully protected in their communities, but as citizens in the Islamic state, had certain restrictions.
According to the traditional Islamic view, the Qur ' an ( Koran ) began with revelations to Muhammad ( when he was 40 years old ) in 610.
According to legend, the monastery of San Juan de la Peña, located at the south-west of Jaca, in the province of Huesca, Spain, protected the chalice of the Last Supper from the Islamic invaders of the Iberian Peninsula.
According to Islamic tradition, during the reign of Isa ( the Qur ' anic name for Jesus ) people will live an extremely peaceful life filled with prosperity and abundance.
According to the principal editor of the journal, Leonard Lewisohn: " Although a number of major Islamic poets easily rival the likes of Dante, Shakespeare and Milton in importance and output, they still enjoy only a marginal literary fame in the West because the works of Arabic and Persian thinkers, writers and poets are considered as negligible, frivolous, tawdry sideshows beside the grand narrative of the Western Canon.
According to the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence, the individual who built the mosque has a stronger claim to the title of imam, but this view is not shared by the other schools.
According to the Hanafi and Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence, appointment of a prayer leader for Friday service is mandatory because otherwise the prayer is invalid.
According to Islamic tradition, the history of Mecca goes back to Abraham ( Ibrahim ) who built the Kaaba with the help of his elder son Ishmael in around 2000 BCE when the inhabitants of what was then known as Bakkah had fallen away from the original monotheism of Abraham through the influence of the Amelkites.
According to Islamic philosophy of war, the areas under Islamic rule were to be abodes of peace and the other areas abodes of war.
According to the Islamic jurist Al-Ghazali ( Algazel, 1058 – 1111 ), the government was also expected to store up food supplies in every region in case a disaster or famine occurred.
According to Islamic history, the Israelites, after the time of the prophet Moses, wanted a king to rule over their country.
According to Islamic tradition, Isa's descent will be in the midst of wars fought by the Mahdi ( lit.
* According to Islamic belief, the archangel Gabriel first appears to Muhammad, reciting to him the first verses of surat Iqra ( al -` Alaq ), thus beginning the revelation of the Qur ' an ( approximate date ).
According to Persian tradition, as reported by 11th-century ethnographer Mahmud of Kashgar and various other traditional Islamic scholars and historians, the name " Turk " stems from Tur, one of the sons of Japheth ( see Turan ).
According to the famous Islamic legal scholar Ibn Qayyim ( 1292 – 1350 ), non-Muslims had the right to engage in such religious practices even if it offended Muslims, under the conditions that such cases not be presented to Islamic Sharia courts and that these religious minorities believed that the practice in question is permissible according to their religion.
By rapping in their native language, Islamic Force connected directly with Turkey as a country as well as their cultural background while simultaneously merging a global genre ( hip hop ) with a local culture ( Turkish traditions ) According to Diessel, “ The synthesis of Turkish musical idioms and language with hip hop was successful in appealing to a young audience.
According to one theory, increasing military and cultural contacts with the Muslim world, as Norman conquest of Islamic Sicily in 1090, the Crusades which began in 1096 and the Islamic presence in Spain brought the knowledge of pointed arches to Medieval Europe.