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According to Social Identity Theory, intergroup conflict starts with a process of comparison between individuals in one group ( the ingroup ) to those of another group ( the outgroup ).
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According and Social
According to the Encyclopedia of Social Work ( 19th edition ), the news media play an influential role in the general public's perception of cults.
According to critics, research will run the risk of simply reproducing the horrendous effects of the social ideologies ( such as Nazism or Social Darwinism ) justified in part on claimed hereditary racial differences .< ref name =" AAA 1994 ">
According to the University of Pennsylvania rankings – a result of surveys from 1500 scholars and peer review evaluation – the Center for Economic and Social Development ( CESD ) is one of the top 25 think tanks in Central and Eastern Europe, including CIS.
According to Bureau of Labor Statistics data from October 2008, the largest sectors of non-agricultural employment were: Government, 24. 3 %; Trade, Transportation, and Utilities, 17. 3 % ( including 11. 0 % in retail trade ); Professional and Business Services, 11. 9 %; Manufacturing, 10. 9 %; Education and Health Services, 10. 0 % ( including 8. 5 % in Health Care & Social Assistance ); Leisure and Hospitality, 9. 2 %; Financial Activities, 6. 0 %, Natural Resources, Mining and Construction, 5. 1 %; Information, 1. 4 %; and Other services 4. 0 %.
According to the Social Democrat Björn Andersson's blog, SD is opposed to adoption rights for homosexual couples, and to letting lesbian women become inseminated.
According to The God that Failed by Arthur Koestler, a former member of the Communist Party of Germany, the largest communist party in Western Europe in the Interwar period, communists, aligned with the Soviet Union, continued to consider the " social fascist " Social Democratic Party of Germany to be the real enemy in Germany, even after the Nazi Party had gotten into power.
According to the 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Index, Cato is the 6th most influential US based think tank, ranking 3rd in Economic Policy and 2nd in Social Policy.
According to a UN declaration that resulted from the World Summit on Social Development in Copenhagen in 1995, absolute poverty is " a condition characterised by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.
According to the Social Security Trustees, who oversee the program and report on its financial condition, program costs are expected to exceed non-interest income from 2011 onward.
According to the projections of the Social Security Administration, the Trust Fund will continue to show net growth until 2022 because the interest generated by its bonds and the revenue from payroll taxes exceeds the amount needed to pay benefits.
According to the Social Security trustees, continuing payroll tax revenues at the rate of 12. 4 % will enable Social Security to pay about 74 % of promised benefits during the 2040s, with this ratio falling to about 70 % by the end of the forecast period in 2080.
According to some, the " value " of the Social Security Trust Fund hinges on the federal government's ability to pay back the money that it has borrowed from Social Security.
According to Ode, " In the field of Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability, David leads the movement towards a more sustainable future, as manifested in many international forums and gatherings, such as the Global Forum ' Business as an Agent of World Benefit: Management Knowledge Leading Positive Change '".
According to the Norwegian Social Science Data Services, NTNU had 84, 797 applicants in 2011 and a total student population of 19, 054, of whom 9, 062 were women.
According to the federal government's Government Accountability Office ( GAO ) in 2004, more than 1, 138 rights and protections are conferred to U. S. citizens upon marriage by the federal government ; areas affected include Social Security benefits, veterans ' benefits, health insurance, Medicaid, hospital visitation, estate taxes, retirement savings, pensions, family leave, and immigration law.
According to the New York Times, the most consistent data on infidelity comes from the University of Chicago's General Social Survey ( GSS ).
According to Social Learning theory, models are an important source for learning new behaviors and for achieving behavioral change in institutionalized settings.
According to Alex Abella's Soldiers of Reason, Rosten was influential in forming the Social Sciences division of RAND Corporation.
According to the Social Security Administration, the name " Madison " was the 216th most popular name in the United States for girls in 1990, the 29th most popular name for girls in 1995, and the 3rd most popular name for girls in 2000.
According to official results, Biya won the first multiparty presidential election, held on 11 October 1992, with about 40 % of the vote ; the second placed candidate, John Fru Ndi of the opposition Social Democratic Front ( SDF ), officially received about 36 %.
According and Identity
According to Chester L. Quarles, professor of criminal justice at the University of Mississippi, some of the Christian Identity movement's followers hold that non-Caucasian peoples have no souls, and can therefore never earn God's favor or be saved.
According to Dr. Miguel Anibal Perdomo, professor of Dominican Identity and Literature at Hunter College in New York City, " There was a sense of ' deculturación ' among the West Indian slaves of Hispaniola.
According to Merengue: dominican Music and Dominican Identity by Paul Austerlitz, " we will probably never know with certainty the true origin of this music, but theories about it express deep-noted feelings about Dominican identity.
According to the doctrine exposed by Guénon, the " spiritual realisation " leads to the effective identification with the states of being that are superior to our transitory human state, and ultimately to the " Supreme Identity " with the Supreme Principle or Absolute Reality.
According to the unmade episode Identity Within, if cats do not have sex by a certain age, they die.
According to the ICA's Statement on the Co-operative Identity, " Co-operatives are voluntary organisations, open to all persons able to use their services and willing to accept the responsibilities of membership, without gender, social, racial, political or religious discrimination.
According to the ICA's Statement on the Co-operative Identity, “ Co-operatives are democratic organizations controlled by their members, who actively participate in setting their policies and making decisions.
According to the ICA's Statement on the Co-operative Identity, “ Co-operatives are autonomous, self-help organizations controlled by their members.
According to the ICA's Statement on the Co-operative Identity, “ Co-operatives provide education and training for their members, elected representatives, managers and employees so they can contribute effectively to the development of their co-operatives.
According to the ICA's Statement on the Co-operative Identity, “ Co-operatives serve their members most effectively and strengthen the co-operative movement by working together through local, national, regional and international structures .”
According to the ICA's Statement on the Co-operative Identity, “ Co-operatives work for the sustainable development of their communities through policies approved by their members .”
According to Kurt Busiek, " Superfolks was a revelation, over time changing my outlook on both superheroes and on writing, and making it possible for me to write Marvels, Astro City, Superman: Secret Identity and more.
According to CACREP, an accredited school counseling program offers coursework in Professional Identity and Ethics, Human Development, Counseling Theories, Group Work, Career Counseling, Multicultural Counseling, Assessment, Research and Program Evaluation, and Clinical Coursework — a 100-hour practicum and a 600-hour internship under supervision of a school counseling faculty member and a certified school counselor site supervisor ( CACREP, 2001 ).
According to Skipp Porteous of the Massachusetts-based Institute for First Amendment Studies, Barton was listed in promotional literature as a " new and special speaker " at a 1991 summer retreat in Colorado sponsored by Scriptures for America, a far-right Christian Identity ministry headed by Pastor Pete Peters, which has been linked to neo-Nazi groups.
According and Theory
According to physicist Phil Anderson, the term was coined by himself and Volker Heine when they changed the name of their group at the Cavendish Laboratories, Cambridge from " Solid state theory " to " Theory of Condensed Matter ", as they felt it did not exclude their interests in the study of liquids, nuclear matter and so on.
According to Bertrand Russell's Theory of Descriptions, the negation operator in a singular sentence can take either wide or narrow scope: we distinguish between " some S is not P " ( where negation takes " narrow scope ") and " it is not the case that ' some S is P '" ( where negation takes " wide scope ").
According to the Source-Filter Theory, the resulting sound excites the resonance chamber that is the vocal tract to produce the individual speech sounds.
According to Horst Müller's Kritik der kritischen Theorie (" Critique of Critical Theory "), Adorno posits totality as an automatic system.
According to official Residents lore, there was internal turmoil which resulted in a large, " embarrassing " food fight ; they decided to resolve this tension in 1974 by recording what would later become Not Available – representative of N. Senada's Theory of Obscurity taken to its logical conclusion.
According to the Threat Simulation Theory he proposes, during much of human evolution physical and interpersonal threats were serious, giving reproductive advantage to those who survived them.
Works such as Ildefons Cerda's General Theory of Urbanization ( 1867 ), Camillo Sitte ’ s City Planning According to Artistic Principles ( 1889 ), and Robinson ’ s The Improvement of Cities and Towns ( 1901 ) and Modern Civic Art ( 1903 ), all were primarily concerned with urban design, as did the later City Beautiful movement in North America.
According to a book by Franklin Foer, How Football Explains the World: An Unlikely Theory of Globalization, Arkan threatened players on opposing teams if they scored against Obilić.
According to the accounts, researchers thought that some version of this Unified Field Theory would enable a person to use large electrical generators to bend light around an object so that the object became completely invisible.
According to W. Pauli ( Theory of relativity ), Schwarzschild is the first to introduce the correct Lagrangian formalism of the electromagnetic field as
* On the Gravitational Field of a Point-Mass, According to Einstein's Theory, The Abraham Zelmanov Journal, 2008, Volume 1, P. 10-19
* On the Gravitational Field of a Sphere of Incompressible Liquid, According to Einstein's Theory, The Abraham Zelmanov Journal, 2008, Volume 1, P. 20-32
According to Professor Stephen Tierney, perhaps the earliest notable example of academic interest in the deliberative aspects of democracy occurred in John Rawls 1971 work A Theory of Justice.
According to the Multiverse Theory, the idea of a parallel universe may not be fictional, but reality that exists on another vibrational plane.
According to L. A. producer Take, Low End Theory " literally picked up where Sketchbook left off — with much better promotion, much better sound ".
According to Allan Bloom's 1974 obituary in Political Theory, Strauss " was raised as an Orthodox Jew ," but the family does not appear to have completely embraced Orthodox practice.
According to communication theorist Robert T. Craig in his essay ' Communication Theory as a Field ' ( 1999 ), " despite the ancient roots and growing profusion of theories about communication ," there is not a field of study that can be identified as ' communication theory '.
According to Turchin and Joslyn ( 1997 ), this " natural " systemic definition is not sufficient for their Theory of Meta-system Transition, it also is not equivalent to the definition of system of systems in Autopoietic Systems Theory, and it differs from the definition proposed by K. D.
According to L. G. Kelly, author of The True Interpreter: A History of Translation Theory and Practice in the West ( 1979 ), " Western Europe owes its civilization to its translators.
According to the Frame Dominance Theory, when the mandible ( jaw ) is elevated, a consonant sound will be produced.
According to Joshua Gunn, these are adapted from books of ritual magic such as Crowley's Magick: Elementary Theory.