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According to a textbook Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software, the flyweight pattern was first coined and extensively explored by Paul Calder and Mark Linton in 1990 to efficiently handle glyph information in a WYSIWYG document editor, although similar techniques were already used in other systems, e. g., an application framework by Weinand et al.
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According and textbook
According to chemistry historian Henry Leicester, the influential 1923 textbook Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Reactions by Gilbert N. Lewis and Merle Randall led to the replacement of the term " affinity " by the term " free energy " in much of the English-speaking world.
Edmond Hoyle, of " According to Hoyle " fame, wrote an early popular and definitive textbook, A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist.
According to a famous 1923 textbook Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances by the American chemist Gilbert N. Lewis and the American physical chemist Merle Randall, the natural sciences contain three great branches:
According to one textbook, " The word burglar comes from the two German words, meaning " house ", and, meaning " thief " ( literally " house thief ").
According to chemistry historian Henry Leicester, the influential 1923 textbook Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances by Gilbert N. Lewis and Merle Randall led to the replacement of the term “ affinity ” by the term “ free energy ” in much of the English-speaking world.
According to the Student PIRGs, the typical bundled textbook is 10 %- 50 % more than an unbundled textbook, and 65 % of professors said they “ rarely ” or “ never ” use the bundled items in their courses.
According to textbook author Henry L. Roediger ( and Wadsworth Publishing Company senior editor Vicki Knight ), the used textbook market is illegitimate, and entirely to blame for the rising costs of textbooks.
According to Nicole Allen of The Student PIRGs, renting is “ the best short-term ” way to lower textbook costs.
According to Max Planck, who wrote an influential textbook on thermodynamics, and many other authors, this empirical principle shows that we can define the " temperature function " central to our everyday conception of heat.
According to Martin Kramer, The Arab Awakening " became the preferred textbook for successive generations of British and American historians and their students ".
According to the BBC " The firm offered a $ 25 Amazon voucher to academics who contributed to the textbook Clinical Psychology if they would go on Amazon. com and Barnes & Noble ( a large US books retailer ) and give it five stars.
According to the textbook Cognitive Behavior Therapy ( 2008 ), " Assertive communication of personal opinions, needs, and boundaries has been ... conceptualized as the behavioral middle ground, lying between ineffective passive and aggressive responses ".
According to the Mennonite Encyclopedia this " music textbook ... has reached a total issue of nearly 100, 000 copies.
According to legal scholar Roscoe Pound, the article did " nothing less than add a chapter to our law ," and in 1966 legal textbook author, Harry Kalven, hailed it as the " most influential law review article of all.
According to West, the problems started after he published a textbook in 1980, in which he called Scientology a cult.
According to the Code's Preface, it was derived from the ABA's Canons of Professional Ethics ( 1908 ), which in turn were borrowed from the Canons of the Alabama State Bar ( 1887 ), which in turn were inspired by several sources such as ethics resolutions in an 1830s legal textbook.
According to a recent Asahi Shimbun article from September 2005, in four years since its initial adoption, the textbook is only being used in 0. 04 % of Japan's junior high schools, which is far from the 10 % penetration that the Japanese Society for History Textbook Reform had aimed for.
According to Jansen and Tucker, writing in the same ART ( assisted reproductive technologies ) textbook referenced above, the risk of OHSS varies with the clinic administering the hormones, from 6. 6 to 8. 4 % of cycles, half of them " severe.
According and Design
According to Landmark Education, Erhard consults from time to time with its " Research and Design team ".
The Gospel According to St. Matthew was released in the United States in 1966 and was nominated for three Academy Awards: Art Direction ( Luigi Scaccianoce ), Costume Design ( Danilo Donati ), and Score.
According to the journal DesignIntelligence, which annually publishes " America's Best Architecture and Design Schools ," the School of Architecture and Urban Design at the University of Kansas was named the best in the Midwest and ranked 6th among all undergraduate architecture programs in the U. S in 2007.
According to the ICSID ( International Council of Societies of Industrial Design ), " Design is a creative activity whose aim is to establish the multi-faceted qualities of objects, processes, services and their systems in whole life-cycles.
According to Dorine C. Andrews, author of Audience-Specific Online Community Design there are three parts to building an online community: starting the online community, encouraging early online interaction, and moving to a self-sustaining interactive environment.
According to set designer Robin Wagner, as interviewed for the book Set Design, by author Lynn Pecktal, the original Bennett version was to be a " multimedia " show, with an elaborate tilting floor, banks of television monitors, and other technological touches.
According to Andrew McCrum, now of Appella brand name consultants, who was brought in to find a name by Saatchi and Saatchi Design ( contracted by TranSys ), Oyster was conceived and promoted because of the metaphorical implications of security and value in the component meanings of the hard bivalve shell and the concealed pearl, the association of London and the River Thames with oysters, and the well-known travel-related idiom " the world is your oyster ".
According to the The Princeton Review, the most popular majors are Business Administration / Management, Interior Design, and General Psychology.
According to Yuri Kornilov, Chief Designer of the Salyut Design Bureau, shortly before Polyus ' launch, Mikhail Gorbachev visited the Baikonur Cosmodrome and expressly forbade the on-orbit testing of its capabilities.
According to a study conducted by the Savannah College of Art and Design, the island has excellent examples of Gullah homes which have not been altered.
According to the U. S. News & World Report, CCA ranks 11th among best overall Master of Fine Arts programs in the country ( tied with Art Center College of Design and Columbia University ).
According to Game Design team head, Cheol-Woong Hwang, there were different concepts for each of the race's home villages.
According to the " Schematic Design Submittal " prepared by ZGF, complete removal of the Churchill Memorial Bridge would take place first, including its concrete footings, stairs and walkways.
According to Jones, the mission of Experience Design is " to persuade, stimulate, inform, envision, entertain, and forecast events, influencing meaning and modifying human behavior.
According to " The Business Case for Creating a Healing Environment " ( Malkin, 2003 ) written by healthcare design expert Jain Malkin and published by The Center for Health Design, the physical setting has the potential to be therapeutic if it achieves the following:
According to the Tier 1 Design Control Document ( which is the officially certified Nuclear Regulatory Commission document generally describing the design of the plant ), each RIP has a nominal capacity of 6912 m < sup > 3 </ sup >/ h.
According to the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet: " Design Year 2025 traffic would operate at an LOS of E or F for the entire corridor.
According to Crawford in Chris Crawford on Game Design, the system started with a basic " plan " and then applied any available cycles to trying variations on that plan, selecting higher-valued outcomes.