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According to classical Muslim scholars ( such as Ibn Taymiyya ) the leader of the Muslim force capturing non-Muslim prisoners could choose whether to kill prisoners, to ransom them, to enslave them, or to cut off their hands and feet on alternate sides.
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According and classical
According to classical rabbinical sources, Benjamin was only born after Rachel had fasted for a long time, as a religious devotion with the hope of a new child as a reward.
According to E. K. Hunt, classical liberals made four assumptions about human nature: People were " egoistic, coldly calculating, essentially inert and atomistic ".
According to Alan Ryan, the ideology of the original classical liberals argued against direct democracy, where law is made by majority vote by citizens, " for there is nothing in the bare idea of majority rule to show that majorities will always respect the rights of property or maintain rule of law.
According to Anthony Quinton, classical liberals believe that " an unfettered market " is the most efficient mechanism to satisfy human needs and channel resources to their most productive uses: they " are more suspicious than conservatives of all but the most minimal government.
According to William J. Novak, however, liberalism in the United States shifted, " between 1877 and 1937 ... from laissez-faire constitutionalism to New Deal statism, from classical liberalism to democratic social-welfarism ".
According to classical electromagnetism, two nearby magnetic dipoles will tend to align in opposite directions, so their magnetic fields will oppose one another and cancel out.
According to the what economist Nicholas Barr describes as the " classical definition of income :" the 1938 Haig-Simons definition, " income may be defined as the ... sum of ( 1 ) the market value of rights exercised in consumption and ( 2 ) the change in the value of the store of property rights ..." Since the consumption potential of non-monetary goods, such as leisure, cannot be measured, monetary income may be thought of as a proxy for full income.
According to Orthodox Judaism, Jewish law today is based on the commandments in the Torah, as viewed through the discussions and debates contained in classical rabbinic literature, especially the Mishnah and the Talmud.
According to the libertarian Institute for Humane Studies, " the libertarian, or ' classical liberal ,' perspective is that individual well-being, prosperity, and social harmony are fostered by ' as much liberty as possible ' and ' as little government as necessary.
According to Pavlov's theory of classical conditioning, the experimenters should have been able to condition a feared response within the rhesus monkeys to the evolutionary irrelevant stimuli because the Pavlovian model posits that any UCS can elicit a CR.
According to Marples, Shakespeare drew directly from Plautus “ parallels in plot, in incident, and in character ,” and was undeniably influenced by the classical playwright ’ s work.
According to classical theology it is possible for Christ to suffer only in virtue of his human nature.
According to the correspondence principle between classical and quantum mechanics, all objects obey the laws of quantum mechanics, and classical mechanics is just an approximation for large systems of objects ( or a statistical quantum mechanics of a large collection of particles ).
According to this interpretation, the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics is not a temporary feature which will eventually be replaced by a deterministic theory, but instead must be considered a final renunciation of the classical idea of " causality ".
According to him, the term embraced all black music except classical music and religious music, unless a gospel song sold enough to break into the charts.
According to classical sources, widespread seventh-day Sabbath rest by Gentile Christians was also the prevailing mode in the 3rd and 4th centuries.
According to Alan V. Oppenheim and Ronald W. Schafer, the principles of signal processing can be found in the classical numerical analysis techniques of the 17th century.
According to a respected author: " There is no compelling reason to believe that the classical thermodynamic entropy is a measurable property of nonequilibrium phenomena, ..."
According to classical rabbinic texts this parallel set of material was originally transmitted to Moses at Sinai, and then from Moses to Israel.
According to the classical theory of light and matter, the strength or amplitude of a light wave was in proportion to its brightness: a bright light should have been easily strong enough to create a large current.
According and Muslim
According to most Muslim scholars, the Ark of the Covenant has a religious basis in Islam, and Islam gives it special significance.
According to Jan-Gustaf Ljunggren, in an article in the Swedish journal Läkartidningen ( 1983 ; No 32-33 ), in the 12th century, Zayn al-Din al-Jurjani, another Muslim physician, provided the first description of Graves ' disease after noting the association of goitre and exophthalmos in his Thesaurus of the Shah of Khwarazm, the major medical dictionary of its time.
According to Muslim tradition, in 620 Muhammed was taken on spiritual journey from Mecca to the " farthest mosque ", whose location is considered to be the Temple Mount, returning the same night.
According to a 2012 poll, 51 % of the Turks in Germany, who account for nearly two thirds of the total Muslim population in Germany, believe that homosexuality is a sickness.
According to the Muslim Jurist Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, the quote in which Muhammad is reported to have said that greater Jihad is the inner struggle, is from an unreliable source:
According to the census of 1998, the religious breakdown of the city was as follows: Muslim ( 96. 45 %); Christian ( 2. 42 %); Hindu ( 0. 86 %); Ahmadiyya ( 0. 17 %); Others ( 0. 10 %) ( Parsis, Sikhs, Bahá ' ís, Jews and Buddhists ).
According to Encyclopædia Britannica, " Although there was a clear Muslim majority in Kashmir before the 1947 partition and its economic, cultural, and geographic contiguity with the Muslim-majority area of the Punjab ( in Pakistan ) could be convincingly demonstrated, the political developments during and after the partition resulted in a division of the region.
According to early Muslim historians, towns that surrendered without resistance and made treaties with the Muslims gave the Muslims permission to take their churches and synagogues.
According to Toufic Fahd, around the 9th century, Al-Dinawari, an Iranian Kurdish naturalist, wrote the Kitab al-Nabat ( Book of Plants ), in which he deals with the application of meteorology to agriculture during the Muslim Agricultural Revolution.
According to certain authors, the Jabal Qaf of Muslim cosmology is a version of Rupes Nigra, a mountain whose ascent, like Dante's climbing of the Mountain of Purgatory, represents the pilgrim's progress through spiritual states.
According to the later thirteenth century Old French Continuation of William of Tyre, Raynald captured Saladin's sister in a raid on a caravan, although this claim is not attested in contemporary sources, Muslim or Frankish, instead stating that Raynald had attacked a preceding caravan, and Saladin set guards to ensure the safety of his sister and her son, who came to no harm.
According to the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Saudi foreign policy is focused on co-operation with the Gulf states, the unity of the Arab world, solidarity with Muslim countries, and support for the United Nations ( UN ).
According to Muslim tradition, when Solomon died he was standing watching the work of his Jinn, while leaning on his cane.
According to the story, however, instead of dying he was moved from within to stand up and perform movements similar to his normal Muslim prayer routine.
According to law professor H. Patrick Glenn of the Canadian McGill University, located in Montreal, Quebec, " oday it is said that the dhimmi are ' excluded from the specifically Muslim privileges, but on the other hand they are excluded from the specifically Muslim duties ' while ( and here there are clear parallels with western public and private law treatment of aliens – Fremdenrecht, la condition de estrangers ), ' or the rest, the Muslim and the dhimmi are equal in practically the whole of the law of property and of contracts and obligations '.
According to Muslim belief, this practice is to be adhered to in fulfilling the divine injunctions, carrying out religious rites and moulding life in accord with the will of God.
According to Hamid S. Hosseini, the power of supply and demand was understood to some extent by several early Muslim scholars, such as fourteenth-century Mamluk scholar Ibn Taymiyyah, who wrote:
According to Linda Benson, the Soviets and the Kuomintang intended to foster a Uyghur nationality in order to divide the Muslim population of Xinjiang, whereas the various Turkic Muslim peoples themselves preferred to identify as " Turki ", " East Turkestani ", or " Muslim ".