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According to contribution-based theories, goods should be distributed to match an individual's contribution to the overall social good.
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According and theories
According to the new theories, the nineteenth century corporate sovereign was `` sovereign '' in a quite new and different sense from his historical predecessors.
According to Barkun, the appeal of conspiracism is threefold: First, conspiracy theories claim to explain what institutional analysis cannot.
According to anthropologists Todd Sanders and Harry G. West, evidence suggests that a broad cross section of Americans today gives credence to at least some conspiracy theories.
According to Mircea Eliade, the medieval " Gioacchinian myth [...] of universal renovation in a more or less imminent future " has influenced a number of modern theories of history, such as those of Lessing ( who explicitly compares his views to those of medieval " enthusiasts "), Fichte, Hegel, and Schelling, and has also influenced a number of Russian writers.
According to him, over time, three different theories have emerged: ( a ) Campbell ordered the demolition on his own authority ( b ) under instructions from the British Government ( c ) upon request of Spanish General Castaños, who was at the time in Cádiz.
According to the American Psychological Association ( APA ), there are numerous theories about the origins of a person's sexual orientation, but some believe that " sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive and biological factors ," and that genetic factors play a " significant role " in determining a person's sexuality.
According to most contemporary theories of justice, justice is overwhelmingly important: John Rawls claims that " Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought.
According to meritocratic theories, goods, especially wealth and social status, should be distributed to match individual merit, which is usually understood as some combination of talent and hard work.
According to needs-based theories, goods, especially such basic goods as food, shelter and medical care, should be distributed to meet individuals ' basic needs for them.
According to these theories, neither nature nor nurture alone is sufficient to trigger language learning ; both of these influences must work together in order to allow children to acquire a language.
According to Sony Pictures, " The objective for our Anonymous program, as stated in the classroom literature, is ' to encourage critical thinking by challenging students to examine the theories about the authorship of Shakespeare's works and to formulate their own opinions.
According to trait theories, introversion and extroversion are part of a continuous dimension, with many people in the middle.
According to my investigation, there are sixty-two main theories which underlie the thousands of philosophies and religions current in our world.
According to objective collapse theories, superpositions are destroyed spontaneously ( irrespective of external observation ) when some objective physical threshold ( of time, mass, temperature, irreversibility, etc.
According to a survey of professional philosophers and others on their philosophical views which was carried out in November 2009 ( taken by 3226 respondents, including 1803 philosophy faculty members and / or PhDs and 829 philosophy graduate students ) 44. 9 % of respondents accept or lean towards correspondence theories, 20. 7 % accept or lean towards deflationary theories and 13. 8 % epistemic theories.
According to some theories the name derived from mythical Linda, the wife of Kalev and the mother of Kalevipoeg.
According to them, " During the period in which he worked on this book Jung developed his principal theories of archetypes, collective unconscious, and the process of individuation.
According to descriptivist theories, proper names either are synonymous with descriptions, or have their reference determined by virtue of the name's being associated with a description or cluster of descriptions that an object uniquely satisfies.
According to modern theories of planet formation, Theia was part of a population of Mars-sized bodies that existed in the Solar System 4. 5 billion years ago.
According to Peter R. Holland, in a wider Hamiltonian framework, theories can be formulated in which particles do act back on the wave function.
According and goods
According to the IRS, " The fair market value of goods and services exchanged must be included in the income of both parties.
According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Mohist consequentialism, dating back to the 5th century BCE, is the " world's earliest form of consequentialism, a remarkably sophisticated version based on a plurality of intrinsic goods taken as constitutive of human welfare.
According to one argument, the " receiving " culture does not necessarily perceive this link, but instead absorbs the foreign culture passively through the use of the foreign goods and services.
According to theory, this may give a comparative advantage in production of goods that make more intensive use of the relatively more abundant, thus relatively cheaper, input.
According to Afghanistan's Chamber of Commerce and Industries deputy head, Khan Jan Alokozai, about 500 shipping containers of trade goods enter Afghanistan via Pakistan on a daily basis.
" According to this view, in market economies sophisticated business networks are formed which produce and distribute goods and services throughout the economy.
According to the what economist Nicholas Barr describes as the " classical definition of income :" the 1938 Haig-Simons definition, " income may be defined as the ... sum of ( 1 ) the market value of rights exercised in consumption and ( 2 ) the change in the value of the store of property rights ..." Since the consumption potential of non-monetary goods, such as leisure, cannot be measured, monetary income may be thought of as a proxy for full income.
According to the Ministry of Economy, the state regulates the prices of goods and services provided by monopolies and the prices of electric or thermal energy, land, medical services, and services offered by local tax regions.
According to Weber, this type of coordination would be inefficient, especially because it would be incapable of solving the problem of imputation ( i. e. of accurately determining the relative values of capital goods ).
According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Mohist consequentialism, dating back to the 5th century BC, is the " world's earliest form of consequentialism, a remarkably sophisticated version based on a plurality of intrinsic goods taken as constitutive of human welfare.
According to the Central Bank of Somalia, imports of goods total about $ 460 million per year, and have recovered and even surpassed aggregate imports prior to the start of the civil war in 1991.
According to tradition, Minuit purchased the island of Manhattan from Native Americans on May 24, 1626 for goods to the value of 60 Dutch guilders, which in the 19th century was estimated to be the equivalent of $ 1000 USD.
According to Lawrence and Wolff, in 1984, there was a consensus among scholars that Carthaginian children were sacrificed by their parents, who would make a vow to kill the next child if the gods would grant them a favor: for instance that their shipment of goods were to arrive safely in a foreign port.
According to Szasz, “ the therapeutic state swallows up everything human on the seemingly rational ground that nothing falls outside the province of health and medicine, just as the theological state had swallowed up everything human on the perfectly rational ground that nothing falls outside the province of God and religion .” Faced with the problem of “ madness ,” Western individualism proved to be ill prepared to defend the rights of the individual: modern man has no more right to be a madman than medieval man had a right to be a heretic because if once people agree that they have identified the one true God, or Good, it brings about that they have to guard members and nonmembers of the group from the temptation to worship false gods or goods.
According to the law of comparative advantage, the policy permits trading partners mutual gains from trade of goods and services.
According to the United Nations Statistics Division, " wholesale " is the resale ( sale without transformation ) of new and used goods to retailers, to industrial, commercial, institutional or professional users, or to other wholesalers, or involves acting as an agent or broker in buying merchandise for, or selling merchandise to, such persons or companies.
According to the report, there were aircraft components factories ; a poison gas factory ( Chemische Fabrik Goye and Company ); an anti-aircraft and field gun factory ( Lehman ); an optical goods factory ( Zeiss Ikon AG ); as well as factories producing electrical and X-ray apparatus ( Koch & Sterzel AG ); gears and differentials ( Saxoniswerke ); and electric gauges ( Gebrüder Bassler ).
According to a 2000 report, in New York women purchase 80 % of all consumer goods and influence 80 % of health-care decisions.
According to Gesell, all human-produced goods are subject to expensive storage, whereas money is not: Grain loses its weight, metal products rust, housing deteroriates.