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According to economist Robin Hanson, in 1990 the first known corporate prediction market was used at Xanadu.
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According to economist Eduard Aghajanov, Armenia could have repaid them with low-interest loans from other, presumably Western sources, or with some of its hard currency reserves which then totaled about $ 450 million.
According to economist John Quiggin, the standard features of " economic fundamentalist rhetoric " are " dogmatic " assertions and the claim that anyone who holds contrary views is not a real economist.
According to the what economist Nicholas Barr describes as the " classical definition of income :" the 1938 Haig-Simons definition, " income may be defined as the ... sum of ( 1 ) the market value of rights exercised in consumption and ( 2 ) the change in the value of the store of property rights ..." Since the consumption potential of non-monetary goods, such as leisure, cannot be measured, monetary income may be thought of as a proxy for full income.
According to Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises, who had met Weber during his time at the University of Vienna,
According to Rajiv Sethi, an economist at Columbia University, black-white segregation in housing is slowly declining for most metropolitan areas in the US Racial segregation or separation can lead to social, economic and political tensions.
According to economist theorists, companies receive a convenience yield by holding inventories of certain commodities.
According to economist William Stanley Jevons ( 1875 ), representative money arose because metal coins often were " variously clipped or depreciated " during use, but using representations for the value stored in banks ensured its worth.
According to economist Steve Keen, the " deleveraging " moments when they ( or the governments they live under ) pay down debt instead of spending on consumption or investment in real-economy infrastructure, result in economic crises or even depressions ( such as The Great Depression ).
According to health economist Uwe Reinhardt, " strictly speaking, the term ' socialized medicine ' should be reserved for health systems in which the government operates the production of health care and provides its financing.
According to economist Frank Knight, it is different from risk, where there is a specific probability assigned to each outcome ( as when flipping a fair coin ).
According to cooperative economist Charles Gide, the aim of a cooperative wholesale society is to arrange “ bulk purchases, and, if possible, organise production .” The best historical example of this were the English CWS and the Scottish CWS, which were the forerunners to the modern Co-operative Group.
According to economist Stephen P. Magee, the benefits of free trade outweigh the losses by as much as 100 to 1.
According to the Marxist economist Ernest Mandel, who popularised the term with his 1972 PhD dissertation, late-stage capitalism will be dominated by the machinations – or perhaps better, fluidities – of financial capital ; and also by the increasing commodification and industrialisation of ever more inclusive sectors of human life.
According to economist Michael Hudson, China has said, " we don't want to make any more foreign exchange reserve of any paper currency, because all the paper currencies are government debt currencies.
According to economist and historian Murray Rothbard, between 1839 and 1843, real consumption increased by 21 percent and real gross national product increased by 16 percent, despite the fact that real investment fell by 23 percent and the money supply shrank by 34 percent.
According to a review by Geoffrey M. Hodgson, the term " social Darwinism " was first used in an English-language academic journal in an 1895 book review by the Harvard economist Frank Taussig ( it had been used as early as 1877 in Europe ).
According to the work of Nobel prize winning economist and expert on famines Amartya Sen, most famines do not result just from lower food production, but also from an inappropriate or inefficient distribution of the food, often compounded by lack of information and indeed misinformation as to the extent of the problem.
According to a study by economist David Card, deregulation resulted in the shift of approximately 5, 000 to 7, 000 airline mechanic jobs from the major trunk airlines to smaller carriers between 1978 and 1984.
According to economist Claudia Goldin, the success of the cliometric revolution had as an unintended consequence the disappearance of economic historians from history departments.
" According to Keynesian economist, Paul Krugman, the work of Friedman and Schwartz became dominant among mainstream economists by the 1980s but should be reconsidered in light of Japan's Lost Decade of the 1990s.
According and Robin
According to local West Memphis police officers, on the evening of May 5, 1993, at 8: 42 p. m., workers in the Bojangles ' restaurant about a mile from the crime scene in Robin Hood Hills reported seeing a black male who seemed " mentally disoriented " inside the ladies ' room of the restaurant.
According to HBO's documentaries Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills ( 1996 ) and Paradise Lost 2: Revelations ( 2000 ), no blood was found at the crime scene, indicating that the location where the bodies were found was not necessarily the location in which the murders actually happened.
According to academic Corey Robin: " Hayek admired Pinochet's Chile so much that he decided to hold a meeting of his Mont Pelerin Society in Viña del Mar, the seaside resort where the coup against Allende was planned.
According to Robin Blackburn, " The decline of CND by late 1961, however, deprived the New Left of much of its momentum as a movement, and uncertainties and divisions within the Board of the journal led to the transfer of the Review to a younger and less experienced group in 1962.
According to the historian Robin Blackburn, the words " the hireling and slave " allude to the fact that the British attackers had many ex-slaves in their ranks, who had been promised liberty and demanded to be placed in the battle line " where they might expect to meet their former masters ".
According to figures given to the magazine Kit Car ( The UK's Top Selling Kit Car Magazine ) the most popular kit in the United Kingdom in 2005 was made by Robin Hood Sportscars who sell 700 kits a year.
According to the historian Robin Storey, " If Henry's insanity was a tragedy, his recovery was a national disaster ".
: Genetic Engineering, Industrial Agriculture and Sustainable Alternatives " and the documentary The World According to Monsanto, a film made by a French independent journalist Marie-Monique Robin.
According to Robin, most of these scientists actually lost their jobs as a consequence of their speaking out.
* In the 2008 French documentary film The World According to Monsanto, Marie-Monique Robin shows the corruption of various government officials & the silencing of dissenting scientists by Monsanto.
* Marie-Monique Robin: " The World According to Monsanto, A Film by Marie-Monique Robin " Image & Compagnie – ARTE France – Productions Thalie – National Film Board of Canada – WDR 2008
* Hartley Dodge Memorial ( Borough Hall ) appears in a scene of The World According to Garp starring Glenn Close and Robin Williams.
According to a study by Robin Dunbar at the University of Liverpool, primate brain size is determined by social group size.
According to film critic Robin Wood Magnani's " persona as a great actress is built, not on transformation, but on emotional authenticity ... doesn't portray characters but expresses ' genuine ' emotions.
According to the eminent sinologist Robin Yates, newly discovered Qin Dynasty legal codes show that officials were required to correctly calculate the exact amount of labor expected of all artisans ; if the artisan was ordered to perform either too much work or too little work, the official would be held accountable.
According to French journalist Marie-Monique Robin, author of Escadrons de la mort, l ' école française ( 2004, Death Squads, The French School ), the paternity of Operation Condor is to be attributed to General Rivero, intelligence officer of the Argentine Armed Forces and former student of the French.
According to set designer Robin Wagner, as interviewed for the book Set Design, by author Lynn Pecktal, the original Bennett version was to be a " multimedia " show, with an elaborate tilting floor, banks of television monitors, and other technological touches.
According to a supplemental prose story by Robin Furth included in The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger Born ( issues # 7 & # 2, respectively ), Roland's ancestry traces back to Arthur Eld and Emmanuelle Deschain, the daughter of his seneschal, Kay Deschain, while the Crimson King's ancestry traces back to an affair between Arthur and the Crimson Queen.
According to Robin Bernstein who describes the meaning in the context of the United States, the pickaninny is characterized by three qualities: " the figure is always juvenile, always of color, and always resistant if not immune to pain .".
* Batman & Robin: According to a November 14, 2000 article, as well as the DVD commentary and the documentary Shadows of the Bat: Batman Unbound ( on disc 2 of the Batman & Robin: Special Edition DVD set ), director Joel Schumacher admitted that he was told by Warner executives to make Batman & Robin " more toyetic.