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According to the authoritative Dictionary of Islam jihad is defined as: " A religious war with those who are unbelievers in the mission of Muhammad ... enjoined especially for the purpose of advancing Islam and repelling evil from Muslims.
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According to the Language Portal of Canada, " this fairly new tradition has gained in popularity in France, Great Britain, Jamaica and Brazil ", although this information has not been confirmed with authoritative sources from these countries.
According to the most authoritative source on the early history of Lie groups ( Hawkins, p. 1 ), Sophus Lie himself considered the winter of 1873 – 1874 as the birth date of his theory of continuous groups.
Yet his reservations about twelve-tone orthodoxy became steadily more pronounced: According to Adorno, twelve-tone technique's use of atonality can no more be regarded as an authoritative canon than can tonality be relied on to provide instructions for the composer.
According to the most authoritative present day catalogue, compiled by Seymour Slive in 1970-1974 ( Slive's last great Hals exhibition catalogue followed in 1989 ), another 222 paintings can be ascribed to Hals.
According to a report by inventor Herman Casler described as " authoritative " by Hendricks, who personally examined five of the six still-extant first-generation devices, " Just above the film ,... a shutter wheel having five spokes and a very small rectangular opening in the rim directly over the film.
According to Harnack, the sect may have led other Christians to introduce a formal statement of beliefs into their liturgy ( see Creed ) and to formulate a canon of authoritative Scripture of their own, thus eventually producing the current canon of the New Testament.
According to Tom Selwyn, the most authoritative voice on the topography of Rachel's tomb, R. A. S. Macalister advanced the view in 1912 that the identification with Bethlehem was based on a copyist's mistake.
According to Mamudu, Hammond, and Glantz, however, " these efforts ... did not undermine acceptance of CTE during the FCTC negotiations and CTE remained an authoritative economic analysis of global tobacco control.
According to contemporary George Lott, a player and later tennis coach at DePaul University, and authoritative biographer Frank Deford, Tilden never made advances to players, whether other adults or his pupils.
According to Kadivar, " Velayat e Motlaghe ye Faghih " reflects a spectrum of authoritative options for Islamic society.
According to one authoritative source, German-issued trench knives of World War I were "... conventional, general-purpose, cut-and-thrust knives ..." with blades that were "... for the most part approximately six inches in length, single-edged with a top leading false edge ... although double-edged blades are occasionally encountered.
According to one authoritative source, there may have been text translated from the Voree plates that Strang never chose to make public.
* According to Catholic theology, a teaching of the " ordinary and universal magisterium " is infallible if it is taught by all bishops dispersed throughout the world, as long as they all teach it in a definitive and authoritative manner.
According to the latest ranking of 1000 banks worldwide conducted by the authoritative magazine The Banker, Bank of Communications was ranked 94th, its first time to join the Top-100 list.
According to the AP, she has been " the Senate's most forceful and authoritative voice for veterans ' issues " for her work on property tax exemptions for disabled veterans, and her support of Virginia's Wounded Warriors Program.
According to Yehia Gouda's most authoritative encyclopedic reference book on Muslim oneiromancy " Dreams and Their Meanings in the Old Arab Tradition " ( ISBN 0-533-08877-1, published in 1991 ), the legendary abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Sirin Al-Ansari ( 33-110H ; a. d. 653 – 728 ), was, indeed, born in Basra, as mentioned, in a. d. 653, i. e. the 33rd year after Muhammad's migration from Makkah to the then Yathrib, now Al-Madina.
He is famous for his authoritative book, A Chinese Syllabary Pronounced According to the Dialect of Canton (《 粵音韻彙 》), which is influential in Cantonese research.
According to the authoritative database of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew, the genus Acacallis Lindl.
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According to The Canadian Dictionary of ASL there are five broad regions of ASL variation in Canada, the Pacific, Prairie, Ontario, Quebec, and Atlantic regions.
According to the Dictionary of American Hymnology, " Amazing Grace " is John Newton's spiritual autobiography in verse.
According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Asgard is derived from Old Norse āss, god + garðr, enclosure ; from Indo-European roots ansu-spirit, demon ( see cognate ahura ) + gher-grasp, enclose ( see cognates garden and yard ).< ref >; See also ansu-and gher -< sup > 1 </ sup > in " Appendix I: Indo-European Roots " in the same work .</ ref >
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word baroque is derived from the Portuguese word " barroco ", Spanish " barroco ", or French " baroque ", all of which refer to a " rough or imperfect pearl ", though whether it entered those languages via Latin, Arabic, or some other source is uncertain.
According to the editors of the 1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary, some scholars believe the name " Malachi " is not a proper noun but rather an abbreviation of " messenger of YHWH ".
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the translation of the French term into " human creature " implies that the label " Christian " is a reminder of the humanity of the afflicted, in contrast to brute beasts.
According to Partridge ( 1972: 12 ), it dates from around 1840 and arose in the East End of London, however John Camden Hotten in his 1859 Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant and Vulgar Words states that ( English ) rhyming slang originated " about twelve or fifteen years ago " ( i. e. in the 1840s ) with ' chaunters ' and ' patterers ' in the Seven Dials area of London.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary Online, the first known recorded usage of the word diaspora in the English language was in 1876 referring " extensive diaspora work ( as it is termed ) of evangelizing among the National Protestant Churches on the continent ".
" According to Easton's Bible Dictionary, " Paul's authorship was undisputed in antiquity and was probably written about the same time as the First Epistle to Timothy, with which it has many affinities.
According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the term has two distinct definitions in modern English.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term ' frequentist ' was first used by M. G. Kendall in 1949, to contrast with Bayesians, whom he called " non-frequentists " ( he cites Harold Jeffreys ).
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, institutionalisation of the word became complete with its first appearance in a dictionary ( 1848 ) and first appearance in an encyclopedia ( 1868 ).
According to the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, the Indo-European root is * ser meaning " to protect ".
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the noun derives from a verb to kilt, originally meaning " to gird up ; to tuck up ( the skirts ) round the body ", which is apparently of Scandinavian origin.
According to Merriam-Webster and the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word " molecule " derives from the Latin " moles " or small unit of mass.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary ( 1933 ) the term " carol " was first used in England for this type of circle dance accompanied by singing in manuscripts dating to as early as 1300.
According to the 1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary, it is possible that Malachi is not a proper name, but simply means " messenger of YHWH ".
According to Karel Werner's Popular Dictionary of Hinduism, " ost Hindu places of pilgrimage are associated with legendary events from the lives of various gods ....
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the definition of the word privy in Privy Council is an obsolete one meaning " of or pertaining exclusively to a particular person or persons, one's own ;" hence the council is personal to the sovereign.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, psychotherapy first meant " hypnotherapy " instead of " psychotherapy ".