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According to utilitarianism, a good action is one that results in an increase in pleasure, and the best action is one that results in the most pleasure for the greatest number.
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According and utilitarianism
According to hedonistic utilitarianism, a good action is one that results in an increase in pleasure, and the best action is one that results in the most pleasure for the greatest number.
According to deontology, we have a duty to act in a way that does those things that are inherently good as acts (" truth-telling " for example ), or follow an objectively obligatory rule ( as in rule utilitarianism ).
According to utilitarianism the moral worth of an action is determined only by its resulting outcome although there is debate over how much consideration should be given to actual consequences, foreseen consequences and intended consequences.
Hall and Popkin defend Mill against this accusation pointing out that he begins Chapter Four by asserting that “ that questions of ultimate ends do not admit of proof, in the ordinary acceptation of the term ” and that this is “ common to all first principles .” According to Hall and Popkin, therefore, Mill does not attempt to “ establish that what people do desire is desirable but merely attempts to make the principles acceptable .” The type of “ proof ” Mill is offering " consists only of some considerations which, Mill thought, might induce an honest and reasonable man to accept utilitarianism ".
According to Harsanyi, “ preference utilitarianism is the only form of utilitarianism consistent with the important philosophical principle of preference autonomy.
According to utilitarianism, most forms of life ( i. e. non-animals ) are unable to experience anything akin to either enjoyment or discomfort, and are therefore denied moral status.
According to most models of behavior, including not only utilitarianism, but most economic, psychological and social conceptions of behavior, it is believed that Paul likes collecting stamps because he gets pleasure from collecting stamps.
According to simple utilitarianism, such a decision would be not only permissible, but, morally speaking, the better option ( the other option being no action at all ).
According to reviewer Peter Tramel, his effort culminates in arguments for universal impermanence, continuous deterministic causality, and utilitarianism.
According and good
According to the historian Herodotus, the poet threw away his shield to make good his escape from the victorious Athenians then celebrated the occasion in a poem that he later sent to his friend, Melanippus.
According to Herodotus, Amasis, was asked by Cambyses II or Cyrus the Great for an Egyptian ophthalmologist on good terms.
According to the U. S. State Department, " U. S. relations with Burkina Faso are good but subject to strains in the past because of the Compaoré government's past involvement in arms trading and other sanctions-breaking activity.
According to Berlet and Lyons, " Conspiracism is a particular narrative form of scapegoating that frames demonized enemies as part of a vast insidious plot against the common good, while it valorizes the scapegoater as a hero for sounding the alarm ".
According to this account, Qi decided to sabotage Lu's reforms by sending 100 good horses and 80 beautiful dancing girls to the Duke of Lu.
According to Bernard McGinn, " mythic patterns " such as " the primordial struggle between good and evil " appear in passages throughout the Hebrew Bible, including passages that describe historical events.
According to the theory that knowledge is justified true belief, in order to know that a given proposition is true, one must not only believe the relevant true proposition, but one must also have a good reason for doing so.
According to Coke, Garnet instigated the plot: " hath many gifts and endowments of nature, by art learned, a good linguist and, by profession, a Jesuit and a Superior as indeed he is Superior to all his predecessors in devilish treason, a Doctor of Dissimulation, Deposing of Princes, Disposing of Kingdoms, Daunting and deterring of subjects, and Destruction.
According to Nicholas Delbanco, UM English Professor and Director of the Hopwood Awards Program, " This is the oldest and best known series of writing prizes in the country and it is a very good indicator of future success.
According to John N. Gray, the essence of liberalism is toleration of different beliefs and of different ideas as to what constitutes a good life.
According to contribution-based theories, goods should be distributed to match an individual's contribution to the overall social good.
According to Serge Klarsfeld, since the now complete and constant publicity which the artworks got in 1996, the majority of the French Jewish community is nevertheless in favour of the return to the normal French civil rule of prescription acquisitive of any unclaimed good after another long period of time and consequently to their ultimate integration into the common French heritage instead of their transfer to foreign institutions like during World War II.
According to special relativity, the Galilean transformation is a good approximation only at relative speeds much smaller than the speed of light.
According to an interview in The Source, he blamed the heart attack on stress brought on by his worries about being a good father.
According to psychological hedonism ( a form of psychological egoism ), the ultimate egoistic motive is to gain good feelings of pleasure and avoid bad feelings of pain.
According to Henry Petroski, transcendentalist philosopher Henry David Thoreau discovered how to make a good pencil out of inferior graphite using clay as the binder ; this invention was prompted by his father's pencil factory in Concord, which employed graphite found in New Hampshire in 1821 by Charles Dunbar.
According to the lineage texts on prayer wheels, prayer wheels are used to accumulate wisdom and merit ( good karma ) and to purify negativities ( bad karma ).
According to current Good Manufacturing Practice ( GMP ), medical device manufacturers have the responsibility to use good judgment when developing their quality system and apply those sections of the FDA Quality System ( QS ) Regulation that are applicable to their specific products and operations, in Part 820 of the QS regulation.
According to Watson, Holmes is an eccentric, with no regard for contemporary standards of tidiness or good order.
According to very early traditions that are presumed to contain a good deal of historical truth, the edhilingui were the descendants of the Saxons who led the tribe out of Holstein and during the migrations of the sixth century.
According to the National Security Archive, in an August 23, 1986 e-mail to John Poindexter, Oliver North described a meeting with a representative of Panamanian President Manuel Noriega: " You will recall that over the years Manuel Noriega in Panama and I have developed a fairly good relationship ", North writes before explaining Noriega's proposal.
According and action
According to the US, the Cuban Government has taken no action against al-Qaida or other terrorist groups.
According to very scanty information from the Imperial archives, including sources such as Rikkokushi, and Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku, Emperor Yōzei murdered one of his retainers, an action that caused massive scandal in the Heian court.
According to Truffaut's theory, auteurs took material that was beneath their talents — a thriller, a pulpy action film, a romance — and, through their style, put their own personal stamp on it.
According to Scheuering, some of them later said they believed they were signing a document in favour of action against climate change.
According to Italian journalist Enrico Deaglio, Cossiga to justify his lack of action " accused the leaders of CGIL and of the Italian Communist Party to know the location where Moro was detained ".
According to Laurence Rees, " Curt von Gottberg, the SS-Obergruppenfuhrer who, during 1943, conducted another huge anti-partisan action called Operation Kottbus on the eastern border of Belorussia, reported that ' approximately two to three thousand local people were blown up in the clearing of the minefields '.
According to the chronicles of Thietmar, this attack was an arbitrary action, without the consent of the Emperor:
According to the discourses in the Pali and Chinese canons, right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, and right mindfulness are used as the support and requisite conditions for the practice of right concentration.
According to Richard Jeffrey, " Before the middle of the seventeenth century, the term ' probable ' ( Latin probabilis ) meant approvable, and was applied in that sense, univocally, to opinion and to action.
According to Thucydides, although the Spartans took no action at this time, they " secretly felt aggrieved ".
The film was theatrically released on October 14, 2010 According to Legend Films founder Barry Sandrew, Night of the Living Dead is the first entirely live action 2-D film to be converted to 3-D.
According to its constitution, the Universal House of Justice itself states that " The provenance, the authority, the duties, the sphere of action of the Universal House of Justice all derive from the revealed Word of Bahá ' u ' lláh which, together with the interpretations and expositions of ` Abdu ' l-Bahá and of Shoghi Effendi ... constitute the binding terms of reference of the Universal House of Justice and are its bedrock foundation.
According to official statistics, 501 personnel died or went missing in action during the Vietnam war and 2400 were wounded.
According to Charles Tilly, " Altogether, about 100 million people died as a direct result of action by organized military units backed by one government or another over the course of the century.
According to Gregory, the differences between the three persons of the Trinity reside in their relationships with each other, and the triune nature of God is revealed through divine action ( despite the unity of God in His action ).