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According to utilitarianism the moral worth of an action is determined only by its resulting outcome although there is debate over how much consideration should be given to actual consequences, foreseen consequences and intended consequences.
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According and utilitarianism
According to utilitarianism, a good action is one that results in an increase in pleasure, and the best action is one that results in the most pleasure for the greatest number.
According to hedonistic utilitarianism, a good action is one that results in an increase in pleasure, and the best action is one that results in the most pleasure for the greatest number.
According to deontology, we have a duty to act in a way that does those things that are inherently good as acts (" truth-telling " for example ), or follow an objectively obligatory rule ( as in rule utilitarianism ).
Hall and Popkin defend Mill against this accusation pointing out that he begins Chapter Four by asserting that “ that questions of ultimate ends do not admit of proof, in the ordinary acceptation of the term ” and that this is “ common to all first principles .” According to Hall and Popkin, therefore, Mill does not attempt to “ establish that what people do desire is desirable but merely attempts to make the principles acceptable .” The type of “ proof ” Mill is offering " consists only of some considerations which, Mill thought, might induce an honest and reasonable man to accept utilitarianism ".
According to Harsanyi, “ preference utilitarianism is the only form of utilitarianism consistent with the important philosophical principle of preference autonomy.
According to utilitarianism, most forms of life ( i. e. non-animals ) are unable to experience anything akin to either enjoyment or discomfort, and are therefore denied moral status.
According to most models of behavior, including not only utilitarianism, but most economic, psychological and social conceptions of behavior, it is believed that Paul likes collecting stamps because he gets pleasure from collecting stamps.
According to simple utilitarianism, such a decision would be not only permissible, but, morally speaking, the better option ( the other option being no action at all ).
According to reviewer Peter Tramel, his effort culminates in arguments for universal impermanence, continuous deterministic causality, and utilitarianism.
According and moral
According to the theory, the human experience of moral obligations was the result of evolutionary pressures, which attached a sense of morality to human psychology because it was useful for moral development ; this entail that moral values do not exist independently of the human mind.
" According to Anthroposophy, moral development reveals the extent to which one has achieved control over one's inner life and can exercise it in harmony with the spiritual life of other people ; it shows the real progress in spiritual development, the fruits of which are given in spiritual perception.
According to Blake, Disraeli believed in upholding Britain's greatness through a tough, " no nonsense " foreign policy that put Britain's interests above the " moral law " that advocated emancipation of small nations.
According to moral values, human behavior may also depend upon the common, usual, unusual, acceptable or unacceptable behavior of others.
According to the later St. Jerome, celibacy is a moral virtue, consisting of not living in the flesh but outside the flesh ( vivere in carne praeter carnem ).
According to Moore, a moral actor cannot survey the “ goodness ” inherent in the various parts of a situation, assign a value to each of them, and then generate a sum in order to get an idea of its total value.
According to Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, " everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author ".
According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, the " deep tension between the Kantian moral imperatives and a Nietzschean diagnosis of the modern cultural world is apparently what gives such a darkly tragic and agnostic shade to Weber's ethical worldview.
According to prescriptivism, morality is not about knowledge ( of moral facts ), but about character ( to choose to do the right thing ).
According to natural law theory, which holds that morality is a function of human nature and reason can discover valid moral principles by looking at the nature of humanity in society, the content of positive law cannot be known without some reference to natural law ( or something like it ).
Pale, dirty, with drugged eyes, vulgar, repulsive ..." According to Cornwell, a worrying impression of stereotypical anti-Semitic contempt is discernible in the ' catalogue of epithets describing their physical and moral repulsiveness ' and Pacelli's " constant harping on the Jewishness of this party of power usurpers " chimed with the " growing and widespread belief among Germans that the Jews were the instigators of the Bolshevik revolution, their principal aim being the destruction of Christian civilization ".
According to the Zohar, the moral perfection of man influences the ideal world of the Sefirot ; for although the Sefirot accept everything from the Ein Sof ( Heb.
" According to critic George Morris, " it synthesizes every major Edwards theme: the disappearance of gallantry and honor, the tension between appearances and reality and the emotional, spiritual, moral, and psychological disorder " in such a world.
According to UNESCO's website, AMADE promotes and protects the " moral and physical integrity " and " spiritual well-being of children throughout the world, without distinction of race, nationality or religion and in a spirit of complete political independence.
According to Aristotle, " The change to bad fortune which he undergoes is not due to any moral defect or flaw, but a mistake of some kind.
According to Szasz, despite their scientific appearance, the diets imposed were a moral substitute to the former fasts, and the social injunction not to be overweight is to be considered as a moral order, not as a scientific advice as it claims to be.
According to J. Bowyer Bell, in the Secret Army, " With the possible exception of Tom Maguire, who went along, the Dáil members felt that the IRA request gave them the moral recognition so long denied by all factions and that their conditional devolution of power would in turn give the IRA the moral basis for the impending campaign " of 1939 – 45.
According to Bové, the Customs agents told him he was " ineligible " to enter the U. S. due to his past prosecutions for " moral crimes ".
According and worth
According to the Central Bank of Armenia, in 2005, cash remittances from Armenians working abroad reached a record-high level of $ 1 billion, which is worth more than one fifth of the country ’ s 2005 Gross Domestic Product.
According to World Bank estimates, Eritrea lost US $ 225 million worth of livestock and 55, 000 homes during the war.
According to Christianity a convert is one who renounces sin as worthless and treasures instead the supreme worth of Jesus Christ ; the convert sees the worth of Christ in Jesus ' sacrificial death and resurrection and renounces sin.
According to reports, Busby was impressed with his physical prowess and offered Connery a contract worth £ 25 a week immediately after the game.
According to Greek mythology, the Delphic Oracle told Apollo that the horseradish was worth its weight in gold.
According to economist William Stanley Jevons ( 1875 ), representative money arose because metal coins often were " variously clipped or depreciated " during use, but using representations for the value stored in banks ensured its worth.
According to the theory, during that period Colbert, the king's Finance Minister, regularly sold offices and noble titles for cash, and an outright patent of nobility, according to Wise, was worth approximately 500, 000 livres making a total of 720, 000 livres, a price much closer to the true value of the gem.
According to police reports, six armed men stole $ 100, 000 worth of " medicinal " whiskey from two freight train cars.
According to early histories, the offer of Andrew Holmes ' log house as capitol for seven years, a number of town lots, £ 50 worth of locks and hinges, 10 boxes of glass, 1, 500 pounds of nails, and $ 3, 000 in gold helped the decision go to Frankfort.
According to leading Chinese business magazine Caixin, North Korea accounts for 40 % of China's foreign aid budget and 50, 000 tonnes of oil exports per month to maintain a buffer state against Japan, South Korea, and the United States, but that the three nations were no longer China's enemies, and that trade and investment with them was worth billions of dollars, while its support of North Korea was expensive and internationally embarrassing to support due to its " unruly " behavior and defiance towards China.
According to Britain's Food Standards Agency, the Indian food industry in the United Kingdom is worth £ 3. 2 billion, accounts for two-thirds of all eating out, and serves about 2. 5 million British customers every week.
According to 2006 statistics by the National Marine Fisheries Service, 6. 1 million pounds of finfish and shellfish, worth $ 8. 0 million, were landed in the Hampton Bays / Shinnecock port.
According to comments made by Piemur in Dragonsinger, the relative worth of mark pieces differs based on which crafthall has issued ( and thus backs ) them and can be a consideration in financial transactions.
According to Branden, self-esteem is the sum of self-confidence ( a feeling of personal capacity ) and self-respect ( a feeling of personal worth ).
According to financial records, his bank account contained just $ 12, and he owned clothing worth $ 1, 000, furniture and appliances valued at $ 2, 000, and jewelry worth $ 25, 000.
According to the Slade Fan Club newsletter of August and September 1975, the band took twelve tons of equipment, worth approximately £ 45, 000 at the time.
According to the Guardian, Short accepted £ 1, 580 in donations worth of flights, hotel accommodation, food and travel expenses from al-Manar television in Lebanon in 2008.
According to Sony's press release of January 7, 1999, for the MiniDV format one frame is recorded onto 10 tracks, with the Digital8 format one frame's worth of information is recorded vertically onto 25 tracks.
According to former Sustainability Minister Andrew McNamara the bay produces a commercial catch valued at A $ 25 million and that $ 4 million worth of this figure has become off-limits with the rezoning.
According to the Wall Street Journal, Bechtel established a strong relationship with the rebel leader Laurent Kabila during the First Congo War of 1996-7 in central Africa, compiling " the most complete mineralogical and geographical data of the former Zaire ever assembled, information worth a fortune to any prospective mining or oil firm " and commissioning and paying for " U. S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration satellite studies of the country and for infrared maps of its mineral potential.