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As 1944 began the frontrunners for the Republican nomination appeared to be Wendell Willkie, the party's 1940 candidate, Senator Robert Taft of Ohio, the leader of the party's conservatives, New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey, the leader of the party's powerful, moderate eastern establishment, General Douglas MacArthur, then serving as an Allied commander in the Pacific theater of the war, and former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen, then serving as a U. S. naval officer in the Pacific.
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1944 and began
By then, early dance camps, retreats, and weekends had emerged, such as Pinewoods Camp, in Plymouth, Massachusetts, which became primarily a music and dance camp in 1933, and NEFFA, the New England Folk Festival, also in Massachusetts, which began in 1944.
The roots of the change began on 20 October 1944 at the Second Plenary Session of the Communist Party of Albania.
* 1944 – World War II: The " Big Week " began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
Despite most Guatemalans ' attachment to the original ideals of the 1944 uprising, some private sector leaders and the military began to believe that Arbenz represented a Communist threat and supported his overthrow, hoping that a successor government would continue the more moderate reforms started by Arevalo.
In May 1944, a group of women began demonstrating outside of the Presidential Palace in Tegucigalpa, demanding the release of political prisoners.
In 1944 Imi began training fighters in his areas of expertise: physical fitness, swimming, wrestling, use of the knife, and defenses against knife attacks.
Soon after Le Mans was liberated by the U. S. 79th and 90th Infantry Divisions on 8 August 1944, engineers of the Ninth Air Force IX Engineering Command began construction of a combat Advanced Landing Ground outside of the town.
With work like this going on, Germany's enemies naturally took note of the various Opel plants and, starting in August 1944, began visiting them by air.
In 1944, the Waffen SS began using a universal camouflage uniform intended to replace the wool field uniform.
The Operation Pinguin V-2 offensive began on 8 September 1944, when Lehr-und Versuchsbatterie No. 444 () launched a single rocket guided by a radio beam directed at Paris.
By the early 1940s, the British film industry began to combine documentary techniques with fictional stories in films like Noël Coward's In Which We Serve ( 1942 ), Millions Like Us ( 1943 ) and The Way Ahead ( 1944 ).
The first successful launch of a V-2 was on October 3, 1942 and began operation on September 6, 1944 against Paris, followed by an attack on London two days later.
On August 20, 1944, a c. 3, 400, 000-strong Red Army began a major summer offensive codenamed Jassy-Kishinev Operation.
Construction on B Reactor began in August 1943 and was completed just over a year later, on September 13, 1944.
Appleton was first introduced to Russian musicians and artists by the choral conductor / ethnologist Dmitri Pokrovsky ( 1944 – 1996 ) and this began his compositional return to instrumental and choral music, much of it composed for the pianist Julia Turkina and cellist Alexander Zagorinsky.
Dewey, who had been the Republican nominee in 1944, was regarded as the frontrunner when the primaries began.
The Second British Army seized Antwerp on 4 of September 1944, and the First Canadian Army began conducting combat operations around the port that same month.
The engagement began on 19 September 1944, with a probe by the U. S. 60th Infantry Regiment that entered the Hürtgen Forest but was beaten back by the terrain and opposition.
On 16 December 1944, German forces began the Ardennes Offensive, more commonly known as the Battle of the Bulge.
In early 1944, a chicken ranch began operation, and in late April of the same year, the camp opened a hog farm.
Raeder wrote in the Seekriegsleitung war diary on 3 September 1939: " Today the war against England and France, which the Führer had previously assured us we would not have to confront until 1944 and which he believed he could avoid up until the very last minute, began ... As far as the Kriegsmarine is concerned, it is obvious that it is not remotely ready for the titanic struggle against England.
1944 and for
According to a research report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Oran was decimated by the plague in 1556 and 1678, but outbreaks after European colonization, in 1921 ( 185 cases ), 1931 ( 76 cases ), and 1944 ( 95 cases ), were very far from the scale of the epidemic described in the novel.
* 1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
Alexis Carrel ( June 28, 1873 – November 5, 1944 ) was a French surgeon and biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1912 for pioneering vascular suturing techniques.
* 1944 – World War II: Nine German E-boats attacked US and UK units during Exercise Tiger, the rehearsal for the Normandy landings, killing 946.
In 1944 the Brazilian Air Force joined Allied forces in Italy and operated there for about seven months, this was the FAB baptism in a real conflict.
* Bertha Benz ( 1849 – 1944 ), German marketing entrepreneur who was the first to drive an automobile for a long distance
Documents executed since 4 August 1944 in connection with recommendations for the award of decorations of higher degree than the Bronze Star Medal cannot be used as the basis for an award under this paragraph.
From 1944 to 1971, pump systems drew cooling water from the river and, after treating this water for use by the reactors, returned it to the river.
After the industrial scale production of cadmium started in the 1930s and 1940s, the major application of cadmium was the coating of iron and steel to prevent corrosion ; in 1944, 62 % and in 1956, 59 % of the cadmium in the United States was for coating.
The Attlee Government ensured provisions of the Education Act 1944 were fully implemented, with free secondary education becoming a right for the first time.
The books that were influential in the early development of computational quantum chemistry include Linus Pauling and E. Bright Wilson's 1935 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics – with Applications to Chemistry, Eyring, Walter and Kimball's 1944 Quantum Chemistry, Heitler's 1945 Elementary Wave Mechanics – with Applications to Quantum Chemistry, and later Coulson's 1952 textbook Valence, each of which served as primary references for chemists in the decades to follow.
From 1936 to 1944, DeMille hosted and acted as pitchman for Cecil B. DeMille's Lux Radio Theater, a popular dramatic radio show of the time.
He worked on such films as Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo ( 1944 ), Our Vines Have Tender Grapes ( 1945 ), and Kitty Foyle ( 1940 ), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay.
These had started in 1944 with the famed Whirlwind which was originally developed to make a flight simulator for the US Navy, although this was never completed.
He had previously been a five-star general in the United States Army during World War II, and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe ; he had responsibility for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942 – 43 and the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944 – 45, from the Western Front.
* 1944: Development of air cooling for diesel engines by Klöckner Humboldt Deutz AG ( KHD ) for the production stage, and later also for Magirus Deutz.