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Page "Arabesque (Islamic art)" ¶ 40
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used and Moorish
After the Christian defeat at the Battle of Sagrajas in 1086, El Cid was recalled to service by Alfonso VI, and commanded a combined Christian and Moorish army, which he used to create his own fiefdom in the Moorish Mediterranean coastal city of Valencia.
Norsemen, Flemish spearmen, Frankish knights, Moorish mounted archers and Berber light cavalry were the main types of mercenary available and used in the conflict.
Beside its usage in historical context, Moor and Moorish ( Italian and Spanish: moro, French: maure, Portuguese: mouro, Romanian: maur ) is used to designate an ethnic group speaking the Hassaniya Arabic dialect.
Moorish architecture is a term used to describe the articulated Islamic architecture of North Africa and parts of Spain and Portugal where the Moors were dominant from 711 – 1492.
As the branches of Vulgar Latin began to evolve into separate Romance languages, the term that would evolve into español began to be used to refer to these derivative languages ( especially as opposed to the Arabic and Hebrew of the Moorish and Jewish inhabitants of Iberia ).
"... I was a Flower of the mountain yes when I put the rose in my hair like the Andalusian girls used or shall I wear a red yes and how he kissed me under the Moorish wall and I thought well as well him as another and then I asked him with my eyes to ask again yes and then he asked me would I yes to say yes my mountain flower and first I put my arms around him yes and drew him down to me so he could feel my breasts all perfume yes and his heart was going like mad and yes I said yes I will Yes.
The title is also used within the Moorish American community / membership of the Moorish Science Temple of America as a tribal honourific which denotes an Islamic governor along with the pre-word El.
Historians have used public records to identify Fard as Wallace Dodd Ford, a former restaurateur and Moorish Science Temple leader.
The Moroccan flag is also used by the Moorish Science Temple of America.
Most of the surrounding area seems to have been used as pasture for the Moorish rulers ' camels.
The dirham was struck in many Mediterranean countries, including Al-Andalus ( Moorish Spain ) and the Byzantine Empire ( miliaresion ), and could be used as currency in Europe between the 10th and 12th centuries, notably in areas with Viking connections, such as Viking York and Dublin.
Contrasting with bare walls, rich Mexican and Spanish Churrigueresque decoration would be used, with influences from the Islamic and Persian styles in Moorish Revival architecture.
It was developed for the purpose of working cattle across vast areas, and came from a combination of the saddles used in the two main styles of horseback riding then practiced in Spain — la jineta, the Moorish style which allowed great freedom of movement to the horse ; and la estradiota, later la brida, the jousting style, which provided great security to the rider and strong control of the horse.
Pirate utopias were described by anarchist writer Peter Lamborn Wilson in his 1995 book Pirate Utopias: Moorish Corsairs & European Renegadoes as secret islands once used for supply purposes by pirates.
The Rendezvous Court, once the hotel's lobby but now used primarily for afternoon tea, is decorated with a Moorish Revival styled plaster ceiling painted with 24 Carat Gold accents, two original imported Italian chandeliers from 1923, and a grand Spanish Baroque Revival bronze doorway, whose astrological clock still keeps time today.
The term was also used by Arabized Spanish, Portuguese and Berbers in Mozarabic-speaking Moorish Spain ( cf.

used and Arabic
Arabic is also widely used, sometimes as an abjad ( as with Urdu and Persian ) and sometimes as a complete alphabet ( as with Kurdish and Uyghur ).
Examples of present-day abjads are the Arabic and Hebrew scripts ; true alphabets include Latin, Cyrillic, and Korean hangul ; and abugidas are used to write Tigrinya, Amharic, Hindi, and Thai.
The Phoenician letter names, in which each letter was associated with a word that begins with that sound, continue to be used to varying degrees in Samaritan, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Greek and Arabic.
The ordering () of Arabic letters used to match that of the older Hebrew, Phoenician and Semitic alphabets ; ( read from right to left: ) or.
The word used in the Arabic language for allegiance is bay ' at ( Arabic: بيعة ), which means " taking hand ".
This is not to be confused with what the Arabs call the " Hindi numerals ", namely the Eastern Arabic numerals (---------) used in the Middle East, or any of the numerals currently used in Indian languages ( e. g. Devanagari: ).
It may also be intended to mean the numerals used by Arabs, in which case it generally refers to the Eastern Arabic numerals.
A distinctive West Arabic variant of the symbols begins to emerge around the 10th century in the Maghreb and Al-Andalus, called ghubar (" sand-table " or " dust-table ") numerals, which are the direct ancestor of the modern Western Arabic numerals used throughout the world.
The system was used in Russia as late as the early 18th century when Peter the Great replaced it with Arabic numerals.
* The widespread Western Arabic numerals used with the Latin script, in the table below labelled European, descended from the West Arabic numerals developed in al-Andalus and the Maghreb.
* The Arabic – Indic or Eastern Arabic numerals, used with the Arabic script, developed primarily in what is now Iraq.
A variant of the Eastern Arabic numerals used in the Persian and Urdu languages is shown as East Arabic-Indic.
: This article is about is for the Arabic script as used specifically to write Arabic.
Morse code was introduced in the 1840s and is used to encode each letter of the Latin alphabet, each Arabic numeral, and some other characters via a series of long and short presses of a telegraph key.
the ubiquitous Indian ( Arabic ) system used world-wide and two indigenous systems.
Most people and institutions in China primarily use the Indian ( Arabic ) system for convenience, with traditional Chinese numerals used mainly in some formal or ceremonial occasions such as on printed money.
They were once used by Chinese mathematicians, and later in Chinese markets, such as those in Hong Kong before the 1990s, but has been gradually supplanted by the Arabic numerals.
( Sebelum Masehi, before Masehi, from Arabic word of Masih, referred to Jesus ) and M. ( Masehi, after Masehi ) were generally used.

used and decorative
The meat ( foot muscle ) of abalone is used for food, and the shells of abalone are used as decorative items and as a source of mother of pearl for jewelry and other decorative items.
The highly iridescent inner nacre layer of the shell of abalone has traditionally been used as a decorative item, in jewelry, buttons, and as inlay in furniture and in musical instruments such as guitars, etc.
Agate is also still used today for decorative displays, cabochons, beads, carvings and Intarsia art as well as face-polished and tumble-polished specimens of varying size and origin.
They are used in decorative painting techniques and faux finishes, often to decorate objects of ordinary life.
This paint is typically used by watercolorists, cartoonists, illustrators, and for decorative or folk art applications.
Colored cements are used for decorative purposes.
The term ' decorative arts ' is a traditional term used in historical discourses to describe craft objects, and also sits within the umbrella of Applied arts.
The process used to tailor, patch, mend and reinforce cloth fostered the development of sewing techniques, and the decorative possibilities of sewing led to the art of embroidery.
Flags are also used in messaging, advertising, or for other decorative purposes.
Different methods of casting on are used for different effects: one may be stretchy enough for lace, while another provides a decorative edging — Provisional cast-ons are used when the knitting will continue in both directions from the cast-on.
Indeed, unable to sell his steel cannon, Krupp gave it to the King of Prussia, who used it as a decorative piece.
Following this machine aesthetic, modernist designers typically rejected decorative motifs in design, preferring to emphasize the materials used and pure geometrical forms.
The main emphasis was on various, fortunately very durable, forms of sculpture in stone and clay ; little painting has survived, but what has suggests that painting was mainly used for geometrical and plant-based decorative schemes, though most sculpture was also painted.
These machetes are occasionally provided with a simple cord loop as a sort of lanyard, and a canvas scabbard — although in some regions where machetes are valuable, commonly used tools, the users may make decorative leather scabbards for them.
This type of glass is widely used for decorative purposes ( e. g., on mirrors, table tops, doors, windows, kitchen chop boards, etc.
A silver glass mirror provides clear and actual images, is quite durable, and is widely used for furniture, bathroom and other decorative purposes.
Mica is used in decorative coatings on wallpaper, concrete, stucco, and tile surfaces.
The Ostrich is farmed around the world, particularly for its feathers, which are decorative and are also used as feather dusters.
In the east of the Mediterranean the material was used to make tools, mirrors and decorative objects.
* Mokume-gane, a similar technique, often involving precious metals, used to produce decorative pieces
A rocking, straight or running stitch is commonly used and these stitches can be purely functional or decorative and elaborate.

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