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Asian arowanas are distinguished from Australian congenerics S. jardinii and S. leichardti by having fewer ( 21-26 ) lateral line scales ( versus 32-36 for the Australian species ), longer pectoral and pelvic fins, and a longer anterior snout.
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Asian and arowanas
This may be explained by the theory that Asian arowanas ( S. formosus ) diverged from the Australian Scleropages, S. jardinii and S. leichardti, about 140 million years ago, making it likely that Asian arowanas were carried to Asia on the Indian subcontinent.
The lineage leading to the Australian arowanas diverged from that leading to the Asian arowanas about 140 million years ago, during the Early Cretaceous.
Native to Southeast Asia, Asian arowanas inhabit blackwater rivers, slow-moving waters flowing through forested swamps and wetlands.
Like all members of Osteoglossidae, Asian arowanas are highly adapted to fresh water and are incapable of surviving in the ocean.
Genetic studies have confirmed this hypothesis, showing that the ancestor of the Asian arowanas diverged from the ancestor of the Australian arowanas, S. jardinii and S. leichardti, about 140 million years ago, during the Early Cretaceous period.
This divergence took place in the eastern margin of Gondwanaland, with the ancestors of Asian arowanas carried on the Indian subcontinent or smaller landmasses into Asia.
Asian arowana scales are large ( most over 2 cm in length ) and have a delicate net pattern. Asian arowanas grow up to 90 cm ( 35 in ) total length.
Like all Scleropages, Asian arowanas have long bodies ; large, elongate pectoral fins ; dorsal and anal fins located far back on the body ; and a much larger caudal fin than that of their South American relative, the silver arowana, Osteoglossum bicirrhosum.
Asian arowanas bear teeth on many bones of the mouth, including the jaws, vomer, palatines, pterygoids, parasphenoid, and tongue.
Both grey-tailed and yellow-tailed silver Asian arowanas are dark grey on the back and silver on the sides, with dark ring patches on the lateral scales and a silvery or whitish belly.
The Asian arowanas are listed as endangered by the 2006 IUCN Red List, with the most recent evaluation taking place in 1996. International trade in these fishes is controlled under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna ( CITES ), under which it was placed on Appendix I, the most restrictive category, in 1975.
Other nations restrict or prohibit possession of Asian arowanas ; for example, the United States has listed this species under the Endangered Species Act, and therefore it cannot be possessed in that country without a permit.
For example, Asian arowanas are now uncommon in the Malay Peninsula, where they were once widely distributed, due to environmental destruction.
Beginning in 1989, CITES began allowing Asian arowanas to be traded, provided certain criteria were met, most notably that they were bred in captivity on a fish farm for at least two generations.
Asian and are
However, since Anatolia is now often considered to be synonymous with Asian Turkey, its eastern and southeastern borders are widely taken to be the Turkish borders with the neighboring countries, which are Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq and Syria, in clockwise direction.
There are two suspension bridges over the Bosphorus, both its Asian and European banks rise steeply from the water and form a succession of cliffs, coves, and nearly landlocked bays.
Wallace did extensive fieldwork, first in the Amazon River basin and then in the Malay Archipelago, where he identified the Wallace Line that divides the Indonesian archipelago into two distinct parts, one in which animals closely related to those of Australia are common, and one in which the species are largely of Asian origin.
According to Cavalli-Sforza, Ainu are in the same genetic cluster as the " Northeast and East Asian ".
Members of the southeast Asian planthopper genus Ancyra are well known for having a pair of prolonged filaments at the tips of the forewings that arise near a pair of small glossy spots ; this creates the impression of a pair of antennae, with corresponding " eyes " ( a remarkable case of automimicry ).
Regional chefs are emerging as localized celebrity chefs with growing broader appeal, such as Peter Merriman ( Hawaii Regional Cuisine ), Jerry Traunfeld, Alan Wong ( Pacific Rim cuisine ), Norman Van Aken ( New World Cuisine-fusion Latin, Caribbean, Asian, African and American ), and Mark Miller ( American Southwest cuisine ).
For example, there are differences between African, East Asian and Indo-racial groups in how they metabolize alcohol.
He suggested that from the data one might conclude that, on average, Asian Americans are more intelligent than white Americans.
Brunei's leaders are concerned that steadily increased integration in the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion although it has taken steps to become a more prominent player by serving as chairman for the 2000 APEC ( Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation ) forum.
Interpenetration and essence-function are mutually informing in the East Asian Buddhist traditions, especially the Korean Buddhist tradition.
In some European Union and Asian countries, there are two separate boards, an executive board for day-to-day business and a supervisory board ( elected by the shareholders ) for supervising the executive board.
While most species of North American red oak are unsuitable for construction of bokken, there are some Asian species of red oak that have a significantly tighter grain and will be able to withstand repeated impacts.
The oldest roots of crokinole, from the 1860s, suggest the British and South Asian games are the most likely antecedents of what became crokinole.
The monsoonal airflows are caused by annual alternating high pressure and low pressure over the Central Asian landmass.
Costa Rica major economic resources are its fertile land and frequent rainfall, its well-educated population, and its location in the Central American isthmus, which provides easy access to North and South American markets and direct ocean access to the European and Asian Continents.
In some European Union, and in some Asian countries, there are two separate boards, one executive board for the day-to-day business and one supervisory board for control purposes ( elected by the shareholders ).
Confucius's works are studied by scholars in many other Asian countries, particularly those in the Sinosphere, such as Korea, Japan and Vietnam.
South Asian English phonology is highly variable ; stress, rhythm and intonation are generally different from those of native varieties.
The Canchim breed is a breed of beef cattle developed in Central Brazil by crossing European Charolais cattle with Indubrazil cattle already kept in Brazil where Asian Zebu type cattle are best suited to the tropical conditions.
Links with Arab states and East Asian states, Japan and People's Republic of China in particular, are welcome.
Asian and distinguished
African elephants are distinguished from Asian elephants in several ways, the most noticeable being their much larger ears.
Subsets of Haredi Judaism include: Hasidic Judaism, which is rooted in the Kabbalah and distinguished by reliance on a Rebbe or religious teacher ; and Sephardic Haredi Judaism, which emerged among Sephardic ( Asian and North African ) Jews in Israel.
In modern usage, Uyghur refers to settled Turkic urban dwellers and farmers of Kashgaria or Uyghurstan who follow traditional Central Asian sedentary practices, as distinguished from nomadic Turkic populations in Central Asia.
In current usage, Uyghur refers to settled Turkic urban dwellers and farmers of the Tarim Basin and Ili who follow traditional Central Asian sedentary practices, as distinguished from nomadic Turkic populations in Central Asia.
Wittenberg is also distinguished by its strong interdisciplinary programs such as East Asian Studies and Russian Area Studies.
Additionally, this was the first year that the census distinguished between different East Asian races, such as Japanese and Chinese, due to increased immigration.
European pine nuts may be distinguished from Asian ones by their greater length in comparison to girth ; Asian pine nuts are stubbier, shaped somewhat like long kernels of corn.
They are easily distinguished from the Asian pine nuts by their more slender shape and more homogeneous flesh.
Three Himalayan subspecies of Eurasian Treecreeper are now sometimes given full species status as Hodgson's Treecreeper, for example by BirdLife International, but if they are retained as subspecies of Eurasian, they have to be distinguished from three other South Asian treecreepers.
* Sir Rabindranath Tagore, the first Asian Nobel Laureate and distinguished Indian educator, renounced his knighthood in protest against the massacre and said, " a great crime has been done in the name of law in the Punjab.
However they can be easily distinguished from the Asian arowanas by identifying their red spotted fins & 7-8 rows of scales on their body.
Sloth bears are distinguished from Asian black bears by their lankier builds, longer, shaggier coat, pale muzzle and white claws.
The museum is distinguished ( and widely celebrated ) for its extensive collection of Asian art, especially that of Imperial China.
As a consequence, cultural exchanges greatly increased, and Central Asian Buddhist missionaries became active shortly after in the Chinese capital cities of Loyang and sometimes Nanjing, where they particularly distinguished themselves by their translation work.
White's Test career was distinguished by inconsistency: with the ball, he took just fourteen wickets in his first ten Tests, followed by two consecutive five-wicket draws, and then no more than a two-for in his next fourteen Tests, before finally bowing out with a dozen in the three Ashes matches against the Australians ; with the bat, meanwhile, he failed on two occasions to reach double figures more than once over the course of nine innings, but nevertheless gave solid accounts of himself on the Asian subcontinent.