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Page "1800s (decade)" ¶ 13
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Britain and enacted
An admirer of Britain's New Liberal philosophy, Hughes campaigned on a platform to improve the state of New York's standard of living by moving it away from laissez-faire tradition and enacting social reforms similar to that which had been enacted in Britain.
The Embargo Act of 1807 was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars.
In its place the Nonintercourse Act, was enacted, on March 1, which opened American trade with all countries except Britain, France, and their possessions.
The example of Great Britain was then followed by the following countries in abolishing slavery within their dominions: in 1848 the slaves in all France's colonies were immediately emancipated ; in 1853 the Dutch commenced emancipation of slaves within their possessions ; in 1858 it was enacted that every slave belonging to a Portuguese subject should be freed within 20 years and, from 29 April 1878, slavery became illegal throughout Portuguese possessions ; the government of Buenos Aires enacted that all children of slaves after the 31 January 1813 should be free ; in Columbia those born after 16 July 1821 were to be liberated upon attaining 18 and Mexico ended slavery on 15 September 1829.
In 1765 the British Quartering Act, which required the colonies to provide barracks and supplies to British troops, further angered American colonists ; and to raise more money for Britain, Parliament enacted the Stamp Act on the American colonies, to tax newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, broadsides, legal documents, dice, and playing cards.
Whereas in his Majesty's province of Massachuset's Bay, in New England, an attempt hath lately been made to throw off the authority of the parliament of Great Britain over the said province, and an actual and avowed resistance, by open force, to the execution of certain acts of parliament, hath been suffered to take place, uncontrouled and unpunished, ...: and whereas, in the present disordered state of the said province, it is of the utmost importance ... to the reestablishment of lawful authority throughout the same, that neither the magistrates acting in support of the laws, nor any of his Majesty's subjects aiding and assisting them therein, or in the suppression of riots and tumults, ... should be discouraged from the proper discharge of their duty, by an apprehension, that in case of their being questioned for any acts done therein, they may be liable to be brought to trial for the same before persons who do not acknowledge the validity of the laws, in the execution thereof, or the of the magistrate in support of whom, such acts had been done: in order therefore to remove every such discouragement from the minds of his Majesty's subjects, and to induce them, upon all proper occasions, to exert themselves in support of the public peace of the province, and of the authority of the King and Parliament of Great Britain over the same ; be it enacted ..., That if any inquisition or indictment shall be found, or if any appeal shall be sued or preferred against any person, for murther, or other capital offense, in the province of the Massachuset's Bay, and it shall appear, by information given upon oath to the governor ... of the said province, that the fact was committed by the person against whom such inquisition or indictment shall be found, or against whom such appeal shall be sued or preferred, as aforesaid, either in the execution of his duty as a magistrate, for the suppression of riots, or in the support of the laws of revenue, or in acting in his duty as an officer of revenue, or in acting under the direction and order of any magistrate, for the suppression of riots, or for the carrying into effect the laws of revenue, or in aiding and assisting in any of the cases aforesaid ; and if it shall also appear, to the satisfaction of the said governor ... that an indifferent trial cannot be had within the said province, in that case, it shall and may be lawful for the governor ..., to direct, with the advice and consent of the council, that the inquisition, indictment, or appeal, shall be tried in some other of his Majesty's colonies, or in Great Britain ; and for that purpose, to order the person against whom such inquisition or indictment shall be found, ... to be sent, under sufficient custody, to the place appointed for his trial, or to admit such person to bail, taking a recognizance ... from such person, with sufficient sureties, ... in such sums of money as the said governor ... shall deem reasonable, for the personal appearance of such person, if the trial shall be appointed to be had in any other colony, before the governor, ... of such colony ; and if the trial shall be appointed to be had in Great Britain, then before his Majesty's court of King's Bench, at a time to be mentioned in such recognizances ; and the governor, ... or court of King's Bench, where the trial is appointed to be had in Great Britain, upon the appearance of such person, according to such recognizance, or in custody, shall either commit such person, or admit him to bail until such trial ....
The Donaldson v Beckett ruling confirmed that a large number of works and books first published in Britain were in the public domain, either because the copyright term granted by statute had expired, or because they were first published before the Statute of Anne was enacted in 1709.
Germany had already introduced the scheme when the bill was finally passed in Britain on 17 May 1916 and the clocks were advanced by an hour on the following Sunday, 21 May, enacted as a wartime production-boosting device under the Defence of the Realm Act.
This Tory government negotiated the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, which pulled Great Britain out of the War of the Spanish Succession ( to the dismay of Britain's allies, including Anne's eventual successor, George, Elector of Hanover ); the peace was enacted despite a Whig majority in the House of Lords, which Anne defeated by creating new Tory peers.
After the Jacobite rebellions of 1715 and 1745, harsh laws providing, amongst other things, for disarming the Highlands of Scotland, were enacted by the Parliament of Great Britain: the Disarming Acts of 1716 and 1725, and the Act of Proscription 1746.
Upon the beginning of hostilities on 3 September 1939, Britain and France enacted a repeat of the blockade system used to great effect throughout the previous war.
Galloway urged reform of the imperial administration and was critical of the trade laws, the Stamp Act of 1765, and the Townshend Acts enacted in 1767 ; and as early as 1765 he had a conciliatory plan to end the disputes between Britain and the colonies.
Legislation to protect emigrant passengers, the Passenger Vessels Act, was first enacted in Britain in 1803 and continued to evolve in the following decades.
It also threatened an export ban on any products from the American colonies to Britain, Ireland, or the West Indies, to be enacted only if the complained of acts were not repealed by September 10, 1775 ; the Articles stated that the export ban was being suspended until this date because of the " earnest desire we have not to injure our fellow-subjects in Great-Britain, Ireland, or the West-Indies.
The Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 ( MBTA ), codified at ( although § 709 is omitted ), is a United States federal law, at first enacted in 1916 in order to implement the convention for the protection of migratory birds between the United States and Great Britain ( acting on behalf of Canada ).
Britain enacted its first limited partnership statute in 1907.
The Donaldson v Beckett ruling confirmed that a large number of works and books first published in Britain were in the public domain, either because the copyright term granted by statute had expired, or because they were first published before the Statute of Anne was enacted in 1709.
However, the British government's imposition of regulations restricting trade to Great Britain, combined with newly enacted taxes on the colonists, caused Bostonian merchants to join the more radical elements in American society.

Britain and Slave
Britain outlawed the slave trade on 29 March 1807 with the Slave Trade Act 1807 and the British Navy operating from Freetown took active measures to stop the Atlantic slave trade.
* In Britain, Thomas Clarkson and Granville Sharp found the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade with support from John Wesley, Josiah Wedgwood and others.
Though Fox would die before abolition was formalised, he oversaw a Foreign Slave Trade Bill in spring 1806 that prohibited British subjects from contributing to the trading of slaves with the colonies of Britain ’ s wartime enemies, thus eliminating two-thirds of the slave trade passing through British ports.
* 1805 Serious Reflections on the Slave Trade and Slavery Addressed to the Peers of Great Britain
Slave trade was outlawed in Britain in 1807, and in the United States in 1808, after which other countries started to follow suit.
The Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, which established the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade in Britain in 1787, campaigned for an end to the Transatlantic slave trade from Western Africa to the New World, which Britain dominated by then.

Britain and Trade
Now Britain has decided to seek admission to the European Economic Community and it seems certain that she will be joined by some of her partners in the loose Free Trade Area of the `` Outer Seven ''.
: See also: Trade between Iron Age Britain and the Roman world
Roman Shipping and Trade: Britain and the Rhine Provinces.
* Trade Union Government and Administration in Great Britain by B C Roberts
* April 5 – In Britain, the Trade Disputes and Trade Union Act 1927 forbids strikes of support.
The Danish formed a Board of Trade in 1668 and secured a commercial treaty with Britain, providing for the unmolested settlement of uninhabited islands, in July of 1670.
As President of the Board of Trade, he was the driving force behind the Statistics of Trade Act 1947, which is still the authority governing most economic statistics in Great Britain.
Trade with both Britain and France was now thrown open, and the United States attempted to bargain with the two belligerents.
He does a great deal of work for the Trade Union movement in Britain and his work appears every week in the British newspaper The Guardian.
Punch ( magazine ) | Punch cartoon, 1930: The character on the right represents a skeptical Britain becoming increasingly protectionist and dissatisfied with its Free Trade policies, as represented by the Wilkins Micawber | Micawber character to the left, during the Great Depression.
Trade between Armorica and Britain, described by Diodorus Siculus and implied by Pliny was long-established.
* Political Strikes: The State and Trade Unionism in Britain by Peter Hain, 1986, Penguin Books Ltd ISBN 0-14-007962-9
In the course of their pursuit of economic independence, Fianna Fáil also provoked what is known as the Anglo-Irish Trade War with Britain in 1933, by refusing to continue paying back " Land Annuities "-money that Irish farmers had borrowed from the British government since the 1903 Wyndham Act in order to buy their own land.
He had been working on this policy throughout the 1830s, when he was President of the Board of Trade in Britain, though he had little time to implement any economic reforms once he had arrived in Canada.
* East New Britain Tourism & Trade Directory
Trade in aircraft engines continued, with Britain selling hundreds of its best to German firms-which used them in a first generation of aircraft, and then improved on them much for use in German aircraft.
The Boston Port Act ( the Trade Act 1774 ) is an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain which became law on March 1, 1774, and is one of the measures ( variously called the Intolerable Acts, the Punitive Acts or the Coercive Acts ) that were designed to secure Great Britain's jurisdictions over her American dominions.
Among the larger national centers in the world are the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations and the Change to Win Federation in the USA ; the Canadian Labour Congress ; the Trades Union Congress ( TUC ) in Britain ; the Irish Congress of Trade Unions ; the Australian Council of Trade Unions ( ACTU ); the Congress of South African Trade Unions ; the Dutch FNV ; the Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish LO ; the German DGB ; the French CGT and CFDT ; the Italian CISL, CGIL and UIL ; the Japan Trade Union Confederation RENGO ; the Argentinian CGT and CTA ; the Brazilian CUT, and so on.

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