[permalink] [id link]
Conservative Judaism enjoyed rapid growth in the first half of the 20th century, becoming the largest American Jewish denomination.
Some Related Sentences
Conservative and Judaism
In 1946, he took a position at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America ( JTS ), the main seminary of Conservative Judaism, where he served as professor of Jewish ethics and Mysticism until his death in 1972.
Conservative Judaism ( also known as Masorti Judaism outside of the United States and Canada ) is a modern stream of Judaism that arose out of intellectual currents in Germany in the mid-19th century and took institutional form in the United States in the early 1900s.
Conservative Judaism has its roots in the school of thought known as Positive-Historical Judaism, developed in 1850s Germany as a reaction to the more liberal religious positions taken by Reform Judaism.
Because of this potential for confusion, a number of Conservative Rabbis have proposed renaming the movement, and outside of the United States and Canada, in many countries including Israel and the UK, it is today known as Masorti Judaism ( Hebrew for " Traditional ").
In the United States and Canada, the term Conservative, as applied, does not always indicate that a congregation is affliliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, the movement's central institution and the one to which the term, without qualifier, usually refers.
The moniker Conservadox is sometimes employed to refer to the right wing of the Conservative spectrum, although " Traditional " is used as well ( as in the Union for Traditional Judaism ).
Like Reform Judaism, the Conservative movement developed in Europe and the United States in the 19th century, as Jews reacted to the changes brought about by the Enlightenment and Jewish emancipation, a confluence of events that lead to Haskalah, or the Jewish Enlightenment.
Positive-Historical Judaism, the intellectual forerunner to Conservative Judaism, was developed as a school of thought in the 1840s and 1850s in Germany.
The fortunes of Conservative Judaism underwent a dramatic turnaround when in 1902, the famed scholar Solomon Schechter, lecturer in Talmud at the University of Cambridge, accepted the invitation to become president of JTS.
In 1913, the Conservative Movement founded its congregational arm, the United Synagogue of America, which would later become the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.
Conservative Judaism occupied an enviable middle position during a period where American society prized consensus.
By the 1990s Conservative Judaism continued to flourish, yet dichotomies of practice and belief, which had been present for years, began to formulate.
Working with this 1990s trend of diversity and institutional growth, Conservative Judaism remained the largest denomination in America, with 43 percent of Jewish households affiliated with a synagogue belonging to Conservative synagogues ( compared to 35 percent for Reform and 16 percent for Orthodox ).
For the first time in nearly a century, Conservative Judaism is no longer the largest denomination in America.
Conservative and enjoyed
Reform Jews, predominantly German, became Nashville's largest and most influential Jewish community in the first half of the 20th century ; they enjoyed good relations with the Orthodox and Conservative congregations.
The Progressive Conservative Party, which had been steadily rebuilt under Charest, enjoyed a modest revival in the 1997 election.
His work in promoting decolonisation, though it enjoyed Macmillan's personal support, was resisted by the Conservative Right ; his role in negotiations over the future of Rhodesia attracted the damaging and much-remembered description of Macleod by the party grandee, the Marquess of Salisbury, as " too clever by half ".
The Conservative opposition protested against the possibility of increased support for the Catholic Separate school system, while the Catholic minority agitated for the same high schools and other facilities that the public ( Protestant ) school system enjoyed.
Republican administrations had enjoyed strong links with the Conservative governments, and the new Democratic President Bill Clinton said he intended to maintain the special relationship, avowing: ' I'm a great Anglophile ', but he and Prime Minister John Major were ' an odd couple ', who ' got off on the wrong foot '.
Although several public opinion polls predicted that the 2006 election would result in either a strong Conservative minority or a slight majority, the Liberals enjoyed a last-minute surge but were unable to overtake the Conservatives.
Although a member of the Conservative Party, his belief was that Indians should be allowed to take ever-increasing responsibility for the government of the country, culminating in Dominion status ( enjoyed by Canada, Australia, and other formally self-governing parts of the British Empire ).
As lieutenant governor, he dismissed the government of Conservative Quebec Premier Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville on March 1, 1878, despite the fact that the government enjoyed a 20 seat majority in the Quebec legislative assembly and a two-to-one majority in the legislative council.
The Marysville bypass project is funded through a federal-provincial partnership and enjoyed the support of all MLA's ( Liberal and Conservative ) whose ridings share Route 8 to northern New Brunswick.
Conservative and rapid
The line was cancelled upon the election of Progressive Conservative Mike Harris in 1995, and the TTC shifted its expansion priorities away from Eglinton West to projects such as extending the Spadina subway to York University and Steeles Avenue, the replacement of the aging Scarborough RT system, the completion of the Sheppard subway to Victoria Park Avenue and Scarborough City Centre, and improvements to major bus and streetcar routes to create a network of " surface rapid transit " routes ( including on Eglinton Avenue ).
He played an important role in drawing up the manifesto and the Party's high-profile pledge-card and developing the Excalibur rapid rebuttal database that was used to campaign against the Conservative Party.
Conservative and growth
At the same time, however, certain Conservative institutions, particularly day schools, have shown significant growth.
Though now out of fashion, the faith in indicative planning as a pathway to growth, embodied in the DEA and Mintech, was at the time by no means confined to the Labour Party – Wilson built on foundations that had been laid by his Conservative predecessors, in the shape, for example, of the National Economic Development Council ( known as " Neddy ") and its regional counterparts ( the " little Neddies ").
As noted by the historian Richard Whiting, spending on social services under Wilson rose faster than the growth in GNP, by 65 % ( excluding housing ) as against 37 % for GNP, " a substantially better record than that achieved by the preceding Conservative governments .”
He positioned JTS as the central institution of Conservative Judaism, which experienced extraordinary growth during those years.
The American Jewish community of the period was experiencing a large growth in its similar policy groups ( such as the American Jewish Committee and American Jewish Congress ) and the increasing influence of the Jewish denominations on politics ( particularly from Orthodox and Conservative Jews ).
The suburbs facilitated the formation of new centers, as Jewish school enrollment more than doubled between the end of World War II and the mid-1950s, and synagogue affiliation jumped from 20 % in 1930 to 60 % in 1960 ; the fastest growth came in Reform and, especially, Conservative congregations.
Further growth was achieved during the " Days of Action ", a series of one-day general strikes between late 1995 and 1998 against the ruling Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, led by Premier Mike Harris.
Forest Hill reeve Fred Gardiner, who was well-connected to the Conservative premier George Drew through his political connections, now promoted the idea of ambitious new programs to lay the capital infrastructure for growth.
Conservative scholars and policymakers often attribute the prevalence of inequality and working poverty to overregulation and overtaxation, which they claim constricts job growth.
The Party ’ s first year under Hudak ’ s leadership wrapped up with the Conservative ’ s Northern Ontario Jobs plan, a plan to restore jobs and economic growth to Ontario ’ s vast north.
The other was the existence of the Loan Guarantee Scheme, set up by the Conservative Government as part of Margaret Thatcher's policy of aiding and encouraging the growth of small businesses in Britain.
Conservative and first
After six years in opposition, Disraeli and the Conservative Party won the election of 1874, giving the party its first absolute majority in the House of Commons since the 1840s.
After a brief Conservative interlude ( during which the Second Reform Act was passed by agreement between the parties ), Gladstone won a huge victory at the 1868 election and formed the first Liberal government.
He was also the first person to hold the office of Deputy Prime Minister, under Winston Churchill in the wartime coalition government, before leading the Labour Party to a landslide election victory over Churchill's Conservative Party in 1945.
The first split in the Conservative coalition occurred in 1963, when followers of Mordecai Kaplan seceded from the movement to form a distinct Reconstructionist Judaism.
The Conservative Party of Norway ( Norwegian: Høyre, literally " right ") was formed by the old upper class of state officials and wealthy merchants to fight the populist democracy of the Liberal Party, but lost power in 1884 when parliamentarian government was first practised.
In Scotland's first referendum on devolution, held in March 1979, he campaigned for a " Yes " vote alongside the Conservative Alick Buchanan-Smith and the Liberal Russell Johnston.
Hayek stated that if the Conservative leader had said " that free choice is to be exercised more in the market place than in the ballot box, she has merely uttered the truism that the first is indispensable for individual freedom while the second is not: free choice can at least exist under a dictatorship that can limit itself but not under the government of an unlimited democracy which cannot ".
Scottish educated Andrew Bonar Law led a Conservative government from 1922 to 1923 and another Scot, Ramsey MacDonald, would be the Labour Party's first Prime Minister in 1924 and again from 1929-35.
The first instalment of the TV series coincidentally aired two days before the Conservative Party leadership election.
* 1993 – Kim Campbell is chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and becomes the first female Prime Minister of Canada.
Although women chazaniyot ( cantors ) are common in North American Conservative synagogues, in 2006, Jaclyn Chernett became the first woman in the UK to be ordained as a chazan ( cantor ) in the British Masorti movement.
In 1999, Kehilat Nitzan, Melbourne's first Conservative ( Masorti ) Congregation was established, with foundation president Prof John Rosenberg.
Currently services are held in B ' nai B ' rith House, East St Kilda. The refurbishment and partial reconstruction of a building in Caulfield to serve as the first Conservative Synagogue building in Australia is advanced, completion being anticipated during 2010.
From 1927 until 1933, General Augusto César Sandino who rejected the negotiated agreement led a sustained guerrilla war, first against the Conservative regime and subsequently against the U. S. Marines, who withdrew upon the establishment of a new Liberal government.
Outside Israel, in Orthodox and Conservative communities, the holiday lasts for eight days with the first two days and last two days being major holidays.
The scandal ultimately led to the resignation of Canada's first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, and a transfer of power from his Conservative government to a Liberal government led by Alexander Mackenzie.
When the general election of 2010 produced a hung parliament, the Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties agreed to form Her Majesty's current coalition government, the first in seventy years.
In 1905, when Alberta was carved out of the territories and made a province, Bennett became the first leader of the Alberta Conservative Party.
Meighen stepped down as Tory leader, and Bennett became the party's leader in 1927 at the first Conservative leadership convention.
In 1973, 1983, and 1993, individual rabbis and professors issued six major opinions which influenced change in the Conservative approach, the first and second Sigal, Blumenthal, Rabinowitz, and Roth responsa, and the Hauptman article.
He founded the first Conservative Jewish day school, served as President of the Rabbinical Assembly and the Synagogue Council of America, and was a professor at Jewish Theological Seminary of America from 1940 to 1992.