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Constantius was either married to, or was in concubinage with, Helena, who was probably from Nicomedia in Asia Minor.
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Constantius and was
However, there is no evidence that his son and ultimate successor, Constantius II, who was an Arian Christian, was exiled.
However, during the time of Arianism's flowering in Constantinople, the Gothic convert Ulfilas ( later the subject of the letter of Auxentius cited above ) was sent as a missionary to the Gothic barbarians across the Danube, a mission favored for political reasons by emperor Constantius II.
He came from Antioch and served under Constantius II and was probably appointed to ensure that nobody with western associations was serving in Britain during a time of mistrust, rebellion and suppression symbolised by the brutal acts of the imperial notary Paulus Catena.
A bust of Emperor Constantius II from Syria. Ammianus was born between 325 and 330 in the Greek-speaking East, possibly at Antioch on the Orontes.
He entered the army at an early age, when Constantius II was emperor of the East, and was sent to serve under Ursicinus, governor of Nisibis in Mesopotamia, and magister militum.
He returned to Italy with Ursicinus, when he was recalled by Constantius, and accompanied him on the expedition against Claudius Silvanus, who had been forced by the allegedly unjust accusations of his enemies into proclaiming himself emperor in Gaul.
Like many ancient historians, Ammianus had a strong political and religious agenda to pursue, however, and he contrasted Constantius II with Julian to the former's constant disadvantage ; like all ancient writers he was skilled in rhetoric, and this shows in his work.
Antipope Felix II was installed as Pope in 355 after the Emperor Constantius II banished the reigning Pope, Liberius, for refusing to subscribe the sentence of condemnation against Saint Athanasius.
In May 357 the Roman laity, which had remained faithful to Liberius, demanded that Constantius, who was on a visit to Rome, should recall Liberius.
He continued to lead the conflict against the Arians for the rest of his life and was engaged in theological and political struggles against the Emperors Constantine the Great and Constantius II and powerful and influential Arian churchmen, led by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others.
The persecution against the orthodox party broke out with renewed vigor, and Constantius II was induced to prepare drastic measures against Athanasius and the priests who were devoted to him.
The Batavi were still mentioned in 355 during the reign of Constantius II ( 317-361 ), when their island was already dominated by the Salii, a Frankish tribe that had sought Roman protection there in 297 after having been expelled from their own country by the Saxons.
After the death of Constantine I ( May 337 ), this was the formal division of the Empire, until Dalmatius was killed and his territory divided between Constans and Constantius.
Before Constantius arrived, the Persian general Narses, who was possibly the king's brother, overran Mesopotamia and captured Amida.
In early 337, Constantius hurried to Constantinople after receiving news that his father was near death.
While Constantius was away from the eastern frontier in early 337, Shapur assembled a large army, including war elephants, and launched an attack on Roman territory, laying waste to Mesopotamia and putting Nisibis under siege.
Ultimately, Constantius was able to push back the invasion, Shapur failing to make any significant gains.
This new state of affairs was unacceptable to Constantius, who felt that as the only surviving son of Constantine the Great, the position of emperor was his alone.
Constantius and either
In 304, Maximian met up with Galerius, probably to discuss the succession issue and Constantius either was not invited or could not make it due to the situation on the Rhine.
Its later name, originally Constantia, comes either from the Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus, who fought the Alemanni in the region and built a strong fortress around 300 AD, or from his grandson Constantius II, who visited the region in 354.
Despite the promise of safe passage, and Constantine's assumption of clerical offices, Constantius imprisoned the former soldier and had him beheaded on his way to Ravenna in either August or September 411.
A surviving letter from the Arian Roman Emperor Constantius II is addressed to ' Ezana and his brother Se ' azana, and requests that Frumentius be sent to Alexandria to be examined for doctrinal errors ; Munro-Hay assumes that ' Ezana either refused or ignored this request.
Nominated by the emperor until the 4th century, it was either Constantine I or Constantius II who transferred the nomination and election of suffect consuls from the prerogative of the emperor into the hands of the Senate, joining the other lower magistrate posts ( the quaestorship and praetorship ) which were also elected by the senate.
Constantius and married
In 350, he was made Caesar ( title ) | Caesar by Constantius and was married to the Emperor's sister, Constantina.
Second, to Eusebia, a woman of Macedonian origin from the city of Thessaloniki, whom Constantius married before his defeat of Magnentius in 353.
Third and lastly, in 360, to Faustina, who gave birth to Constantius ' only child, a posthumous daughter named Flavia Maxima Constantia, who later married Emperor Gratian.
To strengthen the ties between the emperor and his powerful military servant, in 289 Constantius divorced his wife ( or concubine ) Helena, and married the emperor Maximian ’ s daughter, Theodora.
Constantius was appointed patricius and in 417, the year of his second consulate held with Honorius as colleague, he married Galla Placidia, tying himself to the House of Theodosius.
In order to obtain a wife more consonant with his rising status, Constantius divorced Helena some time before 289, when he married Theodora, Maximian's daughter.
In the legend Helena, the daughter of Cole, married the Roman senator Constantius Chlorus, who had been sent by Rome as an ambassador and was named as Cole's successor.
In 293, Theodora married Flavius Valerius Julius Constantius ( later known as Constantius Chlorus ), after he had divorced from his first wife, Helena, to strengthen his political position.
Galerius's sister gave birth to a son, Maximinus Daia, and Galerius's daughter by his first wife, Valeria Maximilla, married Maxentius, son of Maximian by his wife Eutropia ; Eutropia's first marriage ( to Afranius Hannibalianus ) had produced a daughter, Theodora, who became the second wife of Constantius Chlorus (" the Pale ") in 289 ( adopted by Maximian on March 1, 293 ).
Constantius I " Chlorus " married twice ; his first wife St. Helena bore him a son, Constantine I whose second wife Fausta ( daughter of Maximian and Eutropia ; sister of Maxentius ; half-sister of Constantius I's second wife Theodora ) bore him three sons ( Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans I ) and two daughters ( Constantia and Helena ); these children were nieces and nephews of Maxentius, half-nieces and half-nephews of Licinius ( who had married their father's half-sister ), and grandchildren of Maximian.