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Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia on 8 October 1991, which lead to the breakup of Yugoslavia.
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Croatia and declared
When Croatia declared independence in 1991, the only true motorways in the country were Zagreb – Karlovac ( the northernmost part of A1 ) and Zagreb-Slavonski Brod ( A3 ), the latter being part of the highway " Bratstvo i jedinstvo ".
Four ( Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia ) out of six Yugoslav republics declared independence and for most of them a violent war ensued, in some parts lasting until 1995.
Yugoslavia's collapse began in 1991 when Slovenia, Croatia, and the Republic of Macedonia declared independence.
* The Yugoslav Wars ( 1991 – 1995 ) – The breakup of Yugoslavia beginning on 25 June 1991 after the republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia which was followed by the subsequent Yugoslav wars.
** Croatian War of Independence ( 1991 – 1995 ) – the war fought in hegh town Croatia between the Croatian government, having declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and both the Yugoslav People's Army ( JNA ) and Serb forces, who established the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina ( RSK ) within Croatia.
* The republics of Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia declared independence from Yugoslavia.
The Independent State of Croatia ( Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, or NDH ) was declared to be a member of the Axis on 10 April 1941 and joined the Tripartite Pact on June 15, 1941.
The Serbs in Croatia, intent on achieving independence from Croatia, left the Sabor and declared the autonomy of areas that would soon become the unrecognized Republic of Serbian Krajina ( RSK ).
As tensions rose, Croatia declared independence in June 1991 ; however the declaration came into effect on 8 October 1991.
* two incumbents appointed by the kingdom in Fiume ( a former Austrian province ; now Rijeka, in Croatia ), after an extraordinary commissionary, in the 31 December 1920 declared, short-lived " Independent State of Fiume ", until the accession of its first President
When Croatia declared its complete independence, he returned to Croatia and resigned from the Presidency.
Shortly after the armistice with Italy in September 1943, Ante Pavelić declared that Tomislav II was no longer King of Croatia.
Since Croatia never declared a state of war during the breakup of Yugoslavia, this option has not been exercised in practice.
As Croatia and Bosnia declared independence, the involvement by the SPS as a ruling party in Belgrade had become more devoted to helping the external Serbs run their own independent entities.
Babić's administration in Knin then announced the creation of a Serbian Autonomous District ( Српска аутономна област, САО, Srpska autonomna oblast, SAO ) of Krajina on December 21, 1990 and on April 1, 1991, declared that it would secede from Croatia to join Serbia.
Clashes between Krajina Serbs and Croatian security forces broke out almost immediately after Croatia declared independence, leaving dozens dead.
Croatia and independence
After being incorporated in Yugoslavia for most of the 20th century, Croatia regained independence in 1991.
However, despite the contributions of its ban Jelačić in quenching the Hungarian war of independence, Croatia, not treated any more favourably by Vienna than the Hungarians themselves, lost its domestic autonomy.
The HDZ's intentions were to secure independence for Croatia, contrary to the wishes of a part of the ethnic Serbs in the republic, and federal and national politicians in Belgrade.
The parliament adopted the current Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990, and decided to declare independence from Yugoslavia.
* 1992 – The international community recognizes the independence of Slovenia and Croatia from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
When Ribbentrop recovered, he sought a chance for increasing the agency's influence by giving Croatia independence.
* April 7 – The United States recognizes the independence of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Slovenia.
* May 19 – In the Croatian independence referendum, voters in the Socialist Republic of Croatia vote to secede from Yugoslavia.
* June 25 – Collapse of Yugoslavia: Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.
Referendum can be called on any issue falling within competence of Parliament of Croatia or on any other issue which President of Croatia considers to be important for the independence, unity and existence of the Republic.
This ignited tensions with the communist leadership of the other republics, and awoke nationalism across the country, that eventually resulted in the Breakup of Yugoslavia, with Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia declaring independence.
Fueled by ethnic tensions, the Yugoslav Wars erupted, with the most severe conflicts taking place in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, where ethnic Serb populations opposed independence from Yugoslavia.
Croatia and from
* 1941 – World War II: The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelić's Ustaše fascist insurgents in power.
The Capone family immigrated to the United States, first immigrating from Italy to Rijeka, Croatia in 1893, traveling on a ship to the U. S and finally settled at 95 Navy Street, in the Navy Yard section of downtown Brooklyn.
The Russian Gazprom company planned a gas pipeline from Dimitrovgrad in eastern Bulgaria across Serbia, reaching the Adriatic Sea in Croatia.
The sport is also very popular on the eastern side of the Adriatic, especially in Slovenia ( where it is known as balinanje or colloquial playing boče or bale from Italian bocce or palle meaning balls ), Croatia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Hercegovina ( in Serbo-Croatian known under the name of boćanje or simply playing boće ( colloquial also bućanje or playing balote ), originating in Italian boccie ).
Tomislav was the first ruler of Croatia who was styled a king in a letter from the Pope John X, dating kingdom of Croatia to year 925.
In 1490 the estates of Croatia declined to recognize Vladislaus II until he had taken oath to respect their liberties, and insisted upon his erasing from the diploma certain phrases which seemed to reduce Croatia to the rank of a mere province.
Later in the same century, Croatia was so weak that its parliament authorized Ferdinand Habsburg to carve out large areas of Croatia and Slavonia adjacent to the Ottoman Empire for the creation of the Military Frontier ( Vojna Krajina, German Militaergrenze ) which would be ruled directly from Vienna's military headquarters.
Following the defeat of the Independent State of Croatia at the end of the war, a large number of Ustaše, and civilians supporting them ( ranging from sympathisers, young conscripts, anti-communists, and ordinary serfs who were allegedly motivated by Partisan crimes ) attempted to flee in the direction of Austria hoping to surrender to British forces and to be given refuge.
By the same time, the Croatian Adriatic coast had taken shape as an internationally popular tourist destination, all coastal republics ( but mostly SR Croatia ) profited greatly from this, as tourist numbers reached levels still unsurpassed in modern Croatia.
The crisis in Kosovo and, in 1986, the emergence of Slobodan Milošević in Serbia provoked a very negative reaction in Croatia and Slovenia ; politicians from both republics feared that his motives would threaten their republics ' autonomy.
Their position was that if Croatia could secede from Yugoslavia, then the Serbs could secede from Croatia.
On 17 August 1990, the Serbs began what became known as the Log Revolution, where barricades of logs were placed across roads throughout the South as an expression of their secession from Croatia.
This effectively cut Croatia in two, separating the coastal region of Dalmatia from the rest of the country.
Clockwise from top left: The central street of Dubrovnik, the Stradun ( street ) | Stradun, in ruins during the Siege of Dubrovnik ; the damaged Vukovar water tower, a symbol of the early conflict, flying the Flag of Croatia | Croatian tricolour ; soldiers of the Croatian Army getting ready to destroy a Republic of Serbian Krajina | Serbian tank ; the Vukovar Memorial Cemetery ; a Serbian T-55 tank destroyed on the road to Drniš
The Yugoslav People's Army retreated from Croatia into Bosnia and Herzegovina where a new cycle of tensions were escalating: the Bosnian War was to start.
During 1992 and 1993, Croatia also handled an estimated 700, 000 refugees from Bosnia, mainly Bosnian Muslims.