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Page "Clopen set" ¶ 9
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Every and Boolean
Every Boolean algebra ( A, ∧, ∨) gives rise to a ring ( A, +, ·) by defining a + b := ( a ∧ ¬ b ) ∨ ( b ∧ ¬ a ) = ( a ∨ b ) ∧ ¬( a ∧ b ) ( this operation is called symmetric difference in the case of sets and XOR in the case of logic ) and a · b := a ∧ b. The zero element of this ring coincides with the 0 of the Boolean algebra ; the multiplicative identity element of the ring is the 1 of the Boolean algebra.
Every Boolean ring R satisfies x ⊕ x
Every prime ideal P in a Boolean ring R is maximal: the quotient ring R / P is an integral domain and also a Boolean ring, so it is isomorphic to the field F < sub > 2 </ sub >, which shows the maximality of P. Since maximal ideals are always prime, prime ideals and maximal ideals coincide in Boolean rings.
Every finitely generated ideal of a Boolean ring is principal ( indeed, ( x, y )=( x + y + xy )).
Every Boolean algebra is a Heyting algebra when a → b is defined as usual as ¬ a ∨ b, as is every complete distributive lattice when a → b is taken to be the supremum of the set of all c for which a ∧ c ≤ b. The open sets of a topological space form a complete distributive lattice and hence a Heyting algebra.
* Every Boolean algebra is a Heyting algebra, with given by.
* Every Boolean algebra is a distributive lattice.
: Every Boolean algebra contains a prime ideal.
Every complemented distributive lattice has a unique orthocomplementation and is in fact a Boolean algebra.
Every Boolean algebra can be represented as a field of sets.
Every finite Boolean algebra can be represented as a whole power set-the power set of its set of atoms ; each element of the Boolean algebra corresponds to the set of atoms below it ( the join of which is the element ).
Every ( normal ) Boolean algebra with operators can be represented as a field of sets on a relational structure in the sense that it is isomorphic to the complex algebra corresponding to the field.
Every Boolean algebra A has an essentially unique completion, which is a complete Boolean algebra containing A such that every element is the supremum of some subset of A.
* Every finite Boolean algebra is complete.
* Every subset of a complete Boolean algebra has a supremum, by definition ; it follows that every subset also has an infimum ( greatest lower bound ).

Every and algebra
Every associative algebra is obviously alternative, but so too are some strictly nonassociative algebras such as the octonions.
* Every real Banach algebra which is a division algebra is isomorphic to the reals, the complexes, or the quaternions.
* Every unital real Banach algebra with no zero divisors, and in which every principal ideal is closed, is isomorphic to the reals, the complexes, or the quaternions.
* Every commutative real unital Noetherian Banach algebra with no zero divisors is isomorphic to the real or complex numbers.
* Every commutative real unital Noetherian Banach algebra ( possibly having zero divisors ) is finite-dimensional.
Every division ring is therefore a division algebra over its center.
Every continuous map f: X → Y induces an algebra homomorphism C ( f ): C ( Y ) → C ( X ) by the rule C ( f )( φ ) = φ o f for every φ in C ( Y ).
Every vector v in determines a linear map from R to taking 1 to v, which can be thought of as a Lie algebra homomorphism.
Every associative algebra is obviously power-associative, but so are all other alternative algebras ( like the octonions, which are non-associative ) and even some non-alternative algebras like the sedenions.
Every random vector gives rise to a probability measure on R < sup > n </ sup > with the Borel algebra as the underlying sigma-algebra.
* Every finitely-generated commutative algebra over a commutative Noetherian ring is Noetherian.
Every finite-dimensional Hausdorff topological vector space is reflexive, because J is bijective by linear algebra, and because there is a unique Hausdorff vector space topology on a finite dimensional vector space.
Every state on a C *- algebra is of the above type.
Every Heyting algebra with exactly one coatom is subdirectly irreducible, whence every Heyting algebra can be made an SI by adjoining a new top.

Every and can
Every such subset has a smallest element, so to specify our choice function we can simply say that it maps each set to the least element of that set.
** Well-ordering theorem: Every set can be well-ordered.
Every information exchange between living organisms — i. e. transmission of signals that involve a living sender and receiver can be considered a form of communication ; and even primitive creatures such as corals are competent to communicate.
Every context-sensitive grammar which does not generate the empty string can be transformed into an equivalent one in Kuroda normal form.
* Every regular language is context-free because it can be described by a context-free grammar.
Every grammar in Chomsky normal form is context-free, and conversely, every context-free grammar can be transformed into an equivalent one which is in Chomsky normal form.
Every real number has a ( possibly infinite ) decimal representation ; i. e., it can be written as
Every module over a division ring has a basis ; linear maps between finite-dimensional modules over a division ring can be described by matrices, and the Gaussian elimination algorithm remains applicable.
Every entire function can be represented as a power series that converges uniformly on compact sets.
Group actions / representations: Every group G can be considered as a category with a single object whose morphisms are the elements of G. A functor from G to Set is then nothing but a group action of G on a particular set, i. e. a G-set.
Every positive integer n > 1 can be represented in exactly one way as a product of prime powers:
Every sequence can, thus, be read in three reading frames, each of which will produce a different amino acid sequence ( in the given example, Gly-Lys-Pro, Gly-Asn, or Glu-Thr, respectively ).
Every hyperbola is congruent to the origin-centered East-West opening hyperbola sharing its same eccentricity ε ( its shape, or degree of " spread "), and is also congruent to the origin-centered North-South opening hyperbola with identical eccentricity ε — that is, it can be rotated so that it opens in the desired direction and can be translated ( rigidly moved in the plane ) so that it is centered at the origin.
Every holomorphic function can be separated into its real and imaginary parts, and each of these is a solution of Laplace's equation on R < sup > 2 </ sup >.
Every species can be given a unique ( and, one hopes, stable ) name, as compared with common names that are often neither unique nor consistent from place to place and language to language.
Every morpheme can be classified as either free or bound.
Every use of modus tollens can be converted to a use of modus ponens and one use of transposition to the premise which is a material implication.
Every document window is an object with which the user can work.
Every adult, healthy, sane Muslim who has the financial and physical capacity to travel to Mecca and can make arrangements for the care of his / her dependants during the trip, must perform the Hajj once in a lifetime.
Every ordered field can be embedded into the surreal numbers.
* Every finite topological space gives rise to a preorder on its points, in which x ≤ y if and only if x belongs to every neighborhood of y, and every finite preorder can be formed as the specialization preorder of a topological space in this way.
* Every preorder can be given a topology, the Alexandrov topology ; and indeed, every preorder on a set is in one-to-one correspondence with an Alexandrov topology on that set.
Every binary relation R on a set S can be extended to a preorder on S by taking the transitive closure and reflexive closure, R < sup >+=</ sup >.

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