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Ferdinando I de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany ( 30 July 1549 – 17 February 1609 ) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1587 to 1609, having succeeded his older brother Francesco I.
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Ferdinando and I
By the age of twenty, Ferdinando I, Duke of Mantua, began commissioning works from him, and he was also employed by local jewelers for figurative designs.
* March 19 – Ferdinando I de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in the Fortezza Vecchia Chapel of Saint Francesco, elevates Livorno to the rank of city.
* 23 July-After a court battle, King Charles I handed over title to the North American colony of Massachusetts to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, one of the founders of Plymouth Council for New England.
Other film versions ( which are loose adaptations as opposed to straight translations from stage to screen ) include: the 1929 The Framing of the Shrew, directed by Arvid E. Gillstrom, and starring Edward Thompson and Evelyn Preer ; the 1933 You Made Me Love You, directed by Monty Banks, and starring Stanley Lupino and Thelma Todd ; the 1938 Second Best Bed, directed by Tom Walls, and starring Jane Baxter and Walls himself ; the 1942 Italian adaptation La bisbetica domata, directed by Ferdinando Maria Poggioli, and starring Amedeo Nazzari and Lilia Silvi ; the 1943 Hungarian adaptation Makacs Kata ( Stubborn Kate ) directed by Emil Martonffy, and starring Katalin Karády and Pál Jávor ; another 1943 Hungarian adaptation, Makrancos hölgy ( Unruly Lady ), directed by Viktor Bánky, and starring Emmi Buttykay and Miklós Hajmássy ; the 1948 Mexican adaptation Cartas marcadas, directed by René Cardona, and starring Marga López and Pedro Infante ; the 1956 Spanish adaptation La fierecilla domada, directed by Antonio Román, and starring Carmen Sevilla and Alberto Closas ; the 1962 Egyptian adaptation Ah min hawaa, directed by Fatin Abdel Wahab, and starring Lobna Abdel Aziz and Rushdy Abaza ; the 1963 western McLintock !, directed by Andrew McLaglen, and starring John Wayne and Maureen O ' Hara ; the 1999 teen film 10 Things I Hate About You, directed by Gil Junger, and starring Julia Stiles as Kat Stratford ( Katherina ) and Heath Ledger as Patrick Verona ( Petruchio ); the 2003 comedy Deliver Us from Eva, directed by Gary Hardwick, and starring Gabrielle Union and LL Cool J ; and the 2010 Bollywood film Isi Life Mein, directed by Vidhi Kasliwal, and starring Akshay Oberoi and Sandeepa Dhar.
In front of the Palace is the Monument to Grand Duke Ferdinando I de ' Medici ( 1595 ), by Pietro Francavilla, following a design of Giambologna.
In the late 1580s, Ferdinando I of Tuscany declared Livorno a porto Franco, which meant that the goods traded here were duty free within the area of the town's control.
On 19 March 1606, the Granduca di Toscana Ferdinando I de ' Medici, in the Fortezza Vecchia Chapel of Saint Francis of Assisi elevated Livorno to the rank of city.
The " Monumento dei quattro mori " (" Monument of the Four Moors "), dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinando I de ' Medici of Tuscany, is one of the most important monuments of Livorno.
Christina, daughter of Charles III of Lorraine and granddaughter of Catherine de ' Medici, was the widow of Ferdinando I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1587-1609, who had appointed Galileo to the professorship of mathematics at the University of Pisa in 1588.
In 1587 Francesco I de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany died without a legitimate male heir ; his brother Ferdinando immediately declared himself the third Grand Duke of Tuscany.
She occupied herself financing and overseeing the construction of the Basilica of San Lorenzo — started in 1604 by Ferdinando I de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany — to the tune of 1, 000 crowns per week, and she donated much of her fortune to charity: £ 4, 000 per annum.
In October 1614, Frescobaldi was approached by an agent of the Duke of Mantua, Ferdinando I Gonzaga.
A protectionist policy ensured a consistent nucleus of scholars and teachers: laws issued by Cosimo I, Ferdinando I and Ferdinando II obliged those who intended to obtain a degree to attend the Studium of Pisa.
Ferdinando and de
In the interval he enjoyed the patronage of Ferdinando de ' Medici, for whose private theatre near Florence he composed operas, and of Cardinal Ottoboni, who made him his maestro di cappella, and procured him a similar post at the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome in 1703.
The operas composed for Ferdinando de ' Medici are lost ; they might have given a more favourable idea of his style as his correspondence with the prince shows that they were composed with a very sincere sense of inspiration.
Vittoria, last descendant of the della Rovere family ( she was the only child of Federico Ubaldo ), married Ferdinando II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
The invention of the modern piano is credited to Bartolomeo Cristofori ( 1655 – 1731 ) of Padua, Italy, who was employed by Ferdinando de ' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany, as the Keeper of the Instruments.
In about 1654 Ferdinando II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, made sealed tubes part filled with alcohol, with a bulb and stem, the first modern-style thermometer, depending on the expansion of a liquid, and independent of air pressure.
Francesco and Ferdinando, due to lax distinction between Medici and Tuscan state property, are thought to have been wealthier than their ancestor, Cosimo de ' Medici, the founder of the dynasty.
( from left to right ) Maria Maddalena of Austria | The Grand Duchess Maria Maddalena, Cosimo II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany | The Grand Duke Cosimo II, and their elder son, the future Ferdinando II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany | Ferdinando II
In 1605, Ferdinando succeeded in getting his candidate, Alessandro de ' Medici, elected Pope Leo XI.
He married Maria Maddalena of Austria, with whom he had his eight children, including Margherita de ' Medici, Ferdinando II de ' Medici, and an Anna de ' Medici.
* 1654 — Ferdinando II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, made sealed tubes part filled with alcohol, with a bulb and stem, the first modern-style thermometer, depending on the expansion of a liquid, and independent of air pressure
* Ferdinando II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, also known as Ferdinand II de Medici ( 1610 – 1670 ), Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1620
Ferdinando and Grand
As a doctor, he became court physician to Ferdinando II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and his successor, Cosimo III.
Ferdinando and Duke
Upon the death of the last Duke of Urbino ( Francesco Maria II ), instead of claiming the duchy for Ferdinando, who was married to the Duke of Urbino's granddaughter and heiress, Vittoria della Rovere, they permitted it to be annexed by Pope Urban VIII.
Ferdinando and Tuscany
Henry explicitly stated that he would defend Tuscany from Spanish aggression, but later reneged, after which Ferdinando was forced to marry his heir, Cosimo, to Maria Maddalena of Austria to assuage Spain ( where Maria Maddalena's sister was the incumbent Queen consort ).
For Cardinal Leopoldo de ' Medici, brother of Ferdinando II de ' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and a scholar and patron of the arts, he began as bookkeeper in 1664 and developed, after the Cardinal's death, into virtually the curator of the Grand Ducal collections.
Ferdinando, a lover and patron of music, was the son and heir of Cosimo III, who was one of the last of the Grand Dukes of Tuscany.
: Christofori Bartolomeo of Padua died in Florence [...] was the famous harpsichord maker, a distinguished restorer rendering even better good instruments made by other past masters and he was also the inventor of harpsichords with hammers, which produce a different quality of sound both on account of the hammer striking the chord and the completely different internal structure of the body of the instrument, not visible from the outside [...] the best instruments that he made were for Ferdinando de ' Medici Great Prince of Tuscany, his protector and son of the Grand Duke Cosimo III.