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Formally, a biased graph Ω is a pair ( G, B ) where B is a linear class of circles ; this by definition is a class of circles that satisfies the theta-graph property mentioned above.
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Formally and graph
Formally, a vertex cover of a graph G is a set C of vertices such that each edge of G is incident to at least one vertex in C. The set C is said to cover the edges of G. The following figure shows examples of vertex covers in two graphs ( and the set C is marked with red ).
Formally, a graph rewriting system usually consists of a set of graph rewrite rules of the form, with being called pattern graph ( or left-hand side ) and being called replacement graph ( or right-hand side of the rule ).
Formally, a graph is symmetric with respect to the origin if it is unchanged when reflected across both the x-axis and y-axis.
Formally, given a graph G, a vertex labeling is a function mapping vertices of G to a set of labels.
Formally, a signed graph Σ is a pair ( G, σ ) that consists of a graph G = ( V, E ) and a sign mapping or signature σ from E to the sign group
Formally, the upper density of a graph G is the infimum of the values α such that the finite subgraphs of G with density α have a bounded number of vertices.
Formally and Ω
Formally and is
Formally organized vocational programs supported by federal funds allow high school students to gain experience in a field of work which is likely to lead to a full-time job on graduation.
Formally, the set of all context-free languages is identical to the set of languages accepted by pushdown automata ( PDA ).
More rigorously, the divergence of a vector field F at a point p is defined as the limit of the net flow of F across the smooth boundary of a three dimensional region V divided by the volume of V as V shrinks to p. Formally,
Formally, the base is known as Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia ( the US activity ) or Permanent Joint Operating Base ( PJOB ) Diego Garcia ( the UK's term ).
Formally, there is a clear distinction: " DFT " refers to a mathematical transformation or function, regardless of how it is computed, whereas " FFT " refers to a specific family of algorithms for computing DFTs.
Formally, oxidation state is the hypothetical charge that an atom would have if all bonds to atoms of different elements were 100 % ionic.
Formally, an inner product space is a vector space V over the field together with an inner product, i. e., with a map
Formally, if M is a set, the identity function f on M is defined to be that function with domain and codomain M which satisfies
* Formally, when working over the reals, as here, this is accomplished by considering the limit as ε → 0 ; but the " infinitesimal " language generalizes directly to Lie groups over general rings.
Formally, a profinite group is a Hausdorff, compact, and totally disconnected topological group: that is, a topological group that is also a Stone space.
Formally, this sharing of dynamics is referred to as universality, and systems with precisely the same critical exponents are said to belong to the same universality class.
Formally, a frame is defined to be a lattice L in which finite meets distribute over arbitrary joins, i. e. every ( even infinite ) subset
Formally and pair
Formally, a hypergraph is a pair where is a set of elements called nodes or vertices, and is a set of non-empty subsets of called hyperedges or edges.
Formally, an absolute coequalizer of a pair in a category C is a coequalizer as defined above but with the added property that given any functor F ( Q ) together with F ( q ) is the coequalizer of F ( f ) and F ( g ) in the category D. Split coequalizers are examples of absolute coequalizers.
Formally, each of the following definitions defines a concrete category, and every pair of these categories can be shown to be concretely isomorphic.
Formally and G
Informally, G has the above presentation if it is the " freest group " generated by S subject only to the relations R. Formally, the group G is said to have the above presentation if it is isomorphic to the quotient of a free group on S by the normal subgroup generated by the relations R.
Formally, the index of H in G is defined as the number of cosets of H in G. ( The number of left cosets of H in G is always equal to the number of right cosets.
Formally, given two categories C and D, an equivalence of categories consists of a functor F: C → D, a functor G: D → C, and two natural isomorphisms ε: FG → I < sub > D </ sub > and η: I < sub > C </ sub >→ GF.
Formally, a frame on a homogeneous space G / H consists of a point in the tautological bundle G → G / H.
Formally, let G be a Coxeter group with reduced root system R and k < sub > v </ sub > a multiplicity function on R ( so k < sub > u </ sub > = k < sub > v </ sub > whenever the reflections σ < sub > u </ sub > and σ < sub > v </ sub > corresponding to the roots u and v are conjugate in G ).
Formally and B
Formally, cl ( S ) denotes the smallest subset Y of M that contains S such that for each reaction ( A, B )
Formally, given a finite set X, a collection C of subsets of X, all of size n, has Property B if we can partition X into two disjoint subsets Y and Z such that every set in C meets both Y and Z.
Formally, the issue is that interfertile " able to interbreed " is not a transitive relation – if A can breed with B, and B can breed with C, it does not follow that A can breed with C – and thus does not define an equivalence relation.
Formally, the use of a reduction is the function that sends each natural number n to the largest natural number m whose membership in the set B was queried by the reduction while determining the membership of n in A.
Formally trained in music composition, Dargel studied with Oliveros, John Luther Adams, and Lewis Nielson, and received a B. A.