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Formally, a decision problem is P-complete ( complete for the complexity class P ) if it is in P and that every problem in P can be reduced to it by using an appropriate reduction.
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Formally and decision
Formally, the complexity class MA is the set of decision problems that can be decided in polynomial time by an Arthur – Merlin protocol where Merlin's only move precedes any computation by Arthur.
Formally system networks correspond to type lattices in formal lattice theory, although they are occasionally erroneously mistaken for flowcharts or directed decision trees.
Formally, the power to appoint members of the Vorstand lies with the Aufsichtsrat, which can appoint members with a two-thirds majority vote of approval, or a simple majority if multiple rounds of voting are required in order to reach a decision.
Formally and problem
Formally, a transductive support vector machine is defined by the following primal optimization problem:
Formally, the problem of supervised pattern recognition can be stated as follows: Given an unknown function ( the ground truth ) that maps input instances to output labels, along with training data assumed to represent accurate examples of the mapping, produce a function that approximates as closely as possible the correct mapping.
Formally, a constraint satisfaction problem is defined as a triple, where is a set of variables, is a domain of values, and is a set of constraints.
Formally, the problem can be stated as follows: given a desired property, expressed as a temporal logic formula p, and a structure M with initial state s, decide if.
Formally and is
Formally organized vocational programs supported by federal funds allow high school students to gain experience in a field of work which is likely to lead to a full-time job on graduation.
Formally, the set of all context-free languages is identical to the set of languages accepted by pushdown automata ( PDA ).
More rigorously, the divergence of a vector field F at a point p is defined as the limit of the net flow of F across the smooth boundary of a three dimensional region V divided by the volume of V as V shrinks to p. Formally,
Formally, the base is known as Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia ( the US activity ) or Permanent Joint Operating Base ( PJOB ) Diego Garcia ( the UK's term ).
Formally, there is a clear distinction: " DFT " refers to a mathematical transformation or function, regardless of how it is computed, whereas " FFT " refers to a specific family of algorithms for computing DFTs.
Formally, oxidation state is the hypothetical charge that an atom would have if all bonds to atoms of different elements were 100 % ionic.
Formally, an inner product space is a vector space V over the field together with an inner product, i. e., with a map
Formally, if M is a set, the identity function f on M is defined to be that function with domain and codomain M which satisfies
* Formally, when working over the reals, as here, this is accomplished by considering the limit as ε → 0 ; but the " infinitesimal " language generalizes directly to Lie groups over general rings.
Formally, a profinite group is a Hausdorff, compact, and totally disconnected topological group: that is, a topological group that is also a Stone space.
Formally, this sharing of dynamics is referred to as universality, and systems with precisely the same critical exponents are said to belong to the same universality class.
Formally, a frame is defined to be a lattice L in which finite meets distribute over arbitrary joins, i. e. every ( even infinite ) subset
Formally and complete
Formally, if T is a complete sufficient statistic for θ and E ( g ( T )) = τ ( θ ) then g ( T ) is the minimum-variance unbiased estimator ( MVUE ) of τ ( θ ).
Formally, an iterated function system is a finite set of contraction mappings on a complete metric space.
Formally, a partially ordered set ( P, ≤) is bounded complete if the following holds for any subset S of P:
Formally, a market is complete with respect to a trading strategy,, if there exists a self-financing trading strategy, such that at any time, the returns of the two strategies, and are equal.
Formally and for
Formally neutral and reluctant to become involved with the great powers except as a last resort, Kuwait turned to the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain for naval protection of its tanker fleet after twenty-one ships were attacked in the gulf since late 1986.
*, see On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems for details on English translations.
Formally named " United Press Associations " for incorporation and legal purposes, but publicly known and identified as United Press or UP, it was created by the 1907 uniting of three smaller news syndicates by the Midwest newspaper publisher E. W. Scripps.
Formally stated, the FFT is a method for computing the discrete Fourier transform of a sampled signal.
Formally, collective noun forms such as “ a group of people ” are represented by second-order variables, or by first-order variables standing for sets ( which are well-defined objects in mathematics and logic ).
Formally it is precisely in allowing quantification over class variables α, β, etc., that we assume a range of values for these variables to refer to.
If R is a ring, let R denote the ring of polynomials in the indeterminate X over R. Hilbert proved that if R is " not too large ", in the sense that if R is Noetherian, the same must be true for R. Formally,
Formally, the sequence of partial sums of some infinite summation converges if for every fixed power of X the coefficient stabilizes: there is a point beyond which all further partial sums have the same coefficient.
Formally, a function ƒ is real analytic on an open set D in the real line if for any x < sub > 0 </ sub > in D one can write
Formally, an elliptic function is a function meromorphic on for which there exist two non-zero complex numbers and with ( in other words, not parallel ), such that and for all.
Formally, if is an open subset of the complex plane, a point of, and is a holomorphic function, then is called a removable singularity for if there exists a holomorphic function which coincides with on.
Formally, we have for the approximation to the full solution A, a series in the small parameter ( here called ), like the following:
In late 1900s the day that of the City was founded is Jakin School is a Private School is Formally Part of Jakin School Board was Grades One through Twelve there is no Football field on this school. In 1966 When Jakin School was Closed were Sent to Blakely-Union Elementary, Junior High, and High School ( which later Became Early County High, Middle, and Elementary School ). while Carver school was built for African-American students grades One through Twelve. although late 1960s when Carver school was closed along with Kestler School was based in Damascus were sent to Washington High & Elementary at Blakely. In addition to small farm agriculture, Jakin's early economic growth resulted from turpentine.
Formally, cl ( S ) denotes the smallest subset Y of M that contains S such that for each reaction ( A, B )
Formally, it is a coalition of U. S. and European CEOs, largely from transnational corporations, launched at the urging of former United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown in Seville ( Spain ) in late 1995 at a conference attended by CEOs from more than 100 U. S. and EU companies and by top government representatives led by the Commissioners for Trade and Industry and by the U. S. Secretary of Commerce.
Formally, a government would lay out its reasons for going to war, as well as its intentions in prosecuting it and the steps that might be taken to avert it.
Formally, the movement is a rondo that acts as the theme for a set of eight variations, capped off by a dramatic coda.
( Formally speaking, this then satisfies the premises of an axiom of well-founded induction, which asserts that these two conditions are sufficient for the proposition to hold for all x.
Formally, the motion merely calls on parliament to thank the monarch or viceroy for the speech via an Address in Reply.
; Electronics: Formally a fixture in radio shacks, now used for assembly and repair of all sorts of electronic equipment including communication, computer, and home entertainment items.
It has been leased from the National Trust since 1974 by the Somerset Wildlife Trust ( Formally Somerset Trust for Nature Conservation ) and is run as a nature reserve and visitor centre.