[permalink] [id link]

Formally, citizen science has been defined as " the systematic collection and analysis of data ; development of technology ; testing of natural phenomena ; and the dissemination of these activities by researchers on a primarily avocational basis ".

from
Wikipedia

## Some Related Sentences

Formally and has

__Formally__

**the**

**"**head

**of**state

**"**can also personally be

**the**

**"**head

**of**government

**"**( ex officio or

**by**ad hoc cumulation such

**as**an absolute monarch nominating himself ) but otherwise

__has__formal precedence over

**the**Head

**of**Government

**and**other ministers

**,**whether he is their actual political superior ( absolute monarch

**,**executive president ) or rather theoretical or ceremonial in character.

__Formally__

**,**we start with

**a**category C with finite products ( i. e. C

__has__

**a**terminal object 1

**and**any two objects

**of**C have

**a**product ).

__Formally__

**,**DFS is an uninformed search that progresses

**by**expanding

**the**first child node

**of**

**the**search tree that appears

**and**thus going deeper

**and**deeper until

**a**goal node is found

**,**or until it hits

**a**node that

__has__no children.

Informally

**,**G__has__**the**above presentation if it is**the****"**freest group**"**generated**by**S subject only to**the**relations R.__Formally__**,****the**group G is said to have**the**above presentation if it is isomorphic to**the**quotient**of****a**free group**on**S**by****the**normal subgroup generated**by****the**relations R.
It

__has__**been**leased from**the**National Trust since 1974**by****the**Somerset Wildlife Trust (__Formally__Somerset Trust for Nature Conservation )**and**is run**as****a**nature reserve**and**visitor centre.__Formally__known

**as**Bootle-cum-Linacre

**,**

**the**town is < span style =" white-space: nowrap "> 4 miles ( 6. 4 km )</ span > to

**the**north

**of**Liverpool city centre

**,**

**and**

__has__

**a**total resident population

**of**77

**,**640.

__Formally__

**,**this means that

**,**for some function f

**,**

**the**image f ( D )

**of**

**a**directed set D ( i. e.

**the**set

**of**

**the**images

**of**each element

**of**D ) is again directed

**and**

__has__

**as**

**a**least upper bound

**the**image

**of**

**the**least upper bound

**of**D. One could also say that f preserves directed suprema.

Following

**a**merger with**the**Furnishing Industry Trust (__Formally__The Furnishing Trades Benevolent Association ) in 2011**,****the**Company__has__become**the**most significant charity in**the**sector**,**supporting**the**needy**and**promoting welfare**and**education**of**those entering**and**working within**the**industry**,****as**well**as****the**wider support**of****the**charitable work**of****the**Mayoralty**and****the**Corporation**of****the**City**of**London.__Formally__established in 1475

**,**though in fact much older

**,**it

__has__75

**,**000 codices from throughout history.

__Formally__

**,**

**the**situation

__has__

**the**characteristics

**of**

**a**prisoner's dilemma game that is played repeatedly between

**the**same partners

**,**

**and**in this case

**"**defection "-jumping

**the**queue-would not be advantageous.

__Formally__

**,**if R is

**a**Noetherian ring

**and**I is

**a**principal

**,**proper ideal

**of**R

**,**then I

__has__height at most one.

__Formally__

**,**

**a**deterministic algorithm computes

**a**mathematical function

**;**

**a**function

__has__

**a**unique value for any given input

**,**

**and**

**the**algorithm is

**a**process that produces this particular value

**as**output.

__Formally__

**,**an antihomomorphism between X

**and**Y is

**a**homomorphism

**,**where equals Y

**as**

**a**set

**,**but

__has__multiplication reversed: denoting

**the**multiplication

**on**Y

**as**

**and**

**the**multiplication

**on**

**as**

**,**we have.

__Formally__

**,**given two partially ordered sets ( S

**,**≤)

**and**( T

**,**≤),

**a**function f: S → T is an order-embedding if f is both order-preserving

**and**order-reflecting

**,**i. e. for all x

**and**y in S

**,**one

__has__

__Formally__described in Stephen Gilligan's article: The relational self:

**the**expanding

**of**love beyond desire ( 1996 ),

**and**expanded

**on**in his book: The Courage to Love ( 1997 ), it

__has__become

**a**major new approach in psychotherapy

**and**healing.

Enbridge currently

__has__offices in Enbridge Place (__Formally__ING Tower ), Manulife Place**,****and**Royal Bank Building.__Formally__

**,**given

**a**finite set X

**,**

**a**

**collection**C

**of**subsets

**of**X

**,**all

**of**size n

**,**

__has__Property B if we can partition X into two disjoint subsets Y

**and**Z such that every set in C meets both Y

**and**Z.

__Formally__named

**"**Olallie ", it

__has__usually

**been**marketed

**as**olallieberry

**,**just

**as**

**"**Marion

**"**is sold

**as**marionberry.

Formally and been

__Formally__

**,**

**the**case where only

**a**subset

**of**parameters is

**defined**is still

**a**composite hypothesis

**;**nonetheless

**,**

**the**term point hypothesis is often applied in such cases

**,**particularly where

**the**hypothesis test can be structured in such

**a**way that

**the**distribution

**of**

**the**test statistic (

**the**distribution under

**the**null hypothesis ) does not depend

**on**

**the**parameters whose values have not

__been__specified under

**the**point null hypothesis.

By 1912

**,****the**Social Democrats**,**with an explicitly anti-antisemitic program**,**were**the**largest party in**the**German Reichstag**,****and****the**Progressives ran very strongly**as**well ...__Formally__**,**at least**,****the**Jews had__been__fully emancipated with**the**establishment**of****the**German Empire**,**although they were kept out**of**certain influential occupations**,**enjoyed extraordinary prosperity ... Germans intermarried with Jews: in**the**1930s some 50**,**000 Jews were living in mixed German-Jewish marriages**,**so at least 50**,**000 Germans**,****and**presumably parts**of**their families**,**had familial contact with**the**Jews.__Formally__

**the**neutral is called

**the**“ grounded conductor ”;

**as**

**of**

**the**2008 NEC

**,**

**the**terms “ neutral conductor ”

**and**“ neutral point ” have

__been__

**defined**in

**the**Code to record what had

__been__common usage.

Dick Smith Electronics

**has**also long__been__known for its**"**home brand**"**range**of**electronics which fall under**the**brand name**"**Dick Smith**"**(__Formally__called DSE**,****a**commonly used abbreviation**of**Dick Smith Electronics ).__Formally__introduced in 1991

**,**Gut Recordings was founded

**by**Guy Holmes

**,**who had

__been__Head

**of**Promotions at Island Records.

__Formally__

**the**Airframe Reconditioning Squadron RNZAF

**,**

**the**unit was commercialised in 1998

**and**is now managed

**by**SAFE Air Ltd. No. 1 Repair Depot was also active at

**the**base for

**a**number

**of**years

**,**though during

**the**war it appears to have

__been__stationed at Hamilton.

__Formally__this mission was declared to be only in pursuit

**of**

**the**Russian vessels

**and**ammunition taken to Anzali

**by**

**the**White Russian counter-revolutionary General Denikin

**,**who had

__been__given asylum

**by**British forces in Anzali.

__Formally__

**,**they have always

__been__considered Orthodox Christians

**,**but most

**of**them followed shamanism

**and**animism

**as**

**a**part

**of**their culture.

__Formally__launched in November 2004 The Economic Times Chandigarh edition

**has**

__been__immensely successful.

__Formally__

**,**

**the**minimum age for front line fighter is eighteen

**,**but apparently rear line fighters below that age limit have

__been__captured

**by**

**the**Colombian Army or occasionally have deserted.

Formally and defined

__Formally__

**,**

**as**per

**the**2002 Memorandum

**of**Understanding between

**the**BSI

**and**

**the**United Kingdom Government

**,**British Standards are

__defined__

**as**:

__Formally__speaking

**,**

**a**collation method typically defines

**a**total order

**on**

**a**set

**of**possible identifiers

**,**called sort keys

**,**which consequently produces

**a**total preorder

**on**

**the**set

**of**items

**of**information ( items with

**the**same identifier are not placed in any

__defined__order ).

More rigorously

**,****the**divergence**of****a**vector field F at**a**point p is__defined__**as****the**limit**of****the**net flow**of**F across**the**smooth boundary**of****a**three dimensional region V divided**by****the**volume**of**V**as**V shrinks to p.__Formally__**,**__Formally__

**,**if M is

**a**set

**,**

**the**identity function f

**on**M is

__defined__to be that function with domain

**and**codomain M which satisfies

__Formally__

**,**

**a**frame is

__defined__to be

**a**lattice L in which finite meets distribute over arbitrary joins

**,**i. e. every ( even infinite ) subset

__Formally__

**,**

**these**reside in

**a**complex separable Hilbert space-variously called

**the**

**"**state space

**"**or

**the**

**"**associated Hilbert space

**"**

**of**

**the**system-that is well

__defined__up to

**a**complex number

**of**norm 1 (

**the**phase factor ).

Limits

**and**colimits in**a**category C are__defined__**by**means**of**diagrams in C.__Formally__**,****a**diagram**of**type J in C is**a**functor from J to C:__Formally__

**,**

**the**convex hull may be

__defined__

**as**

**the**intersection

**of**all convex sets containing X or

**as**

**the**set

**of**all convex combinations

**of**points in X.

__Formally__

**,**

**a**unique factorization domain is

__defined__to be an integral domain R in which every non-zero

**and**non-unit x

**of**R can be written

**as**

**a**product ( including an empty product )

**of**irreducible elements p < sub > i </ sub >

**of**R

**and**

**a**unit u:

__Formally__

**,**

**a**transductive support vector machine is

__defined__

**by**

**the**following primal optimization problem:

__Formally__

**,**bending modulus is

__defined__

**as**

**the**energy required to deform

**a**membrane from its intrinsic curvature to some other curvature.

__Formally__

**,**

**a**constraint satisfaction problem is

__defined__

**as**

**a**triple

**,**where is

**a**set

**of**variables

**,**is

**a**domain

**of**values

**,**

**and**is

**a**set

**of**constraints.

__Formally__

**,**

**the**index

**of**H in G is

__defined__

**as**

**the**number

**of**cosets

**of**H in G. ( The number

**of**left cosets

**of**H in G is always equal to

**the**number

**of**right cosets.

__Formally__

**,**it is

**a**norm

__defined__

**on**

**the**space

**of**bounded linear operators between two given normed vector spaces.

__Formally__

**,**

**a**cardinal κ is

__defined__to be weakly compact if it is uncountable

**and**for every function f: < sup > 2 </ sup > →

__Formally__

**,**

**the**sets

**of**free

**and**bound names

**of**

**a**process in π – calculus are

__defined__inductively

**as**follows.

__Formally__

**,**an absolute coequalizer

**of**

**a**pair in

**a**category C is

**a**coequalizer

**as**

__defined__above but with

**the**added property that given any functor F ( Q ) together with F ( q ) is

**the**coequalizer

**of**F ( f )

**and**F ( g ) in

**the**category D. Split coequalizers are examples

**of**absolute coequalizers.

0.165 seconds.