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Formally, if there exists some B ≥ 0 such that
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Formally and if
Formally, oxidation state is the hypothetical charge that an atom would have if all bonds to atoms of different elements were 100 % ionic.
Formally, if M is a set, the identity function f on M is defined to be that function with domain and codomain M which satisfies
Formally, if d is the dimension of the parameter, and n is the number of samples, if as and as, then the model is semi-parametric.
Formally, in the finite-dimensional case, if the linear map is represented as a multiplication by a matrix A and the translation as the addition of a vector, an affine map acting on a vector can be represented as
Formally, a decision problem is P-complete ( complete for the complexity class P ) if it is in P and that every problem in P can be reduced to it by using an appropriate reduction.
If R is a ring, let R denote the ring of polynomials in the indeterminate X over R. Hilbert proved that if R is " not too large ", in the sense that if R is Noetherian, the same must be true for R. Formally,
Formally, a hypothesis is compared against its opposite or null hypothesis (" if I release this ball, it will not fall to the floor ").
Formally, the sequence of partial sums of some infinite summation converges if for every fixed power of X the coefficient stabilizes: there is a point beyond which all further partial sums have the same coefficient.
Formally, a function ƒ is real analytic on an open set D in the real line if for any x < sub > 0 </ sub > in D one can write
Formally, if is an open subset of the complex plane, a point of, and is a holomorphic function, then is called a removable singularity for if there exists a holomorphic function which coincides with on.
Formally, two variables are inversely proportional ( or varying inversely, or in inverse variation, or in inverse proportion or in reciprocal proportion ) if one of the variables is directly proportional with the multiplicative inverse ( reciprocal ) of the other, or equivalently if their product is a constant.
Informally, G has the above presentation if it is the " freest group " generated by S subject only to the relations R. Formally, the group G is said to have the above presentation if it is isomorphic to the quotient of a free group on S by the normal subgroup generated by the relations R.
Formally, if we write F < sub > Δ </ sub >( x ) to mean the f-polynomial of Δ, then the h-polynomial of Δ is
Formally, a cardinal κ is defined to be weakly compact if it is uncountable and for every function f: < sup > 2 </ sup > →
Formally and there
However, shortly after this positive result, Kurt Gödel published On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems ( 1931 ), showing that in any sufficiently strong axiomatic system there are true statements which cannot be proved in the system.
Formally, there is a clear distinction: " DFT " refers to a mathematical transformation or function, regardless of how it is computed, whereas " FFT " refers to a specific family of algorithms for computing DFTs.
Formally, an elliptic function is a function meromorphic on for which there exist two non-zero complex numbers and with ( in other words, not parallel ), such that and for all.
In late 1900s the day that of the City was founded is Jakin School is a Private School is Formally Part of Jakin School Board was Grades One through Twelve there is no Football field on this school. In 1966 When Jakin School was Closed were Sent to Blakely-Union Elementary, Junior High, and High School ( which later Became Early County High, Middle, and Elementary School ). while Carver school was built for African-American students grades One through Twelve. although late 1960s when Carver school was closed along with Kestler School was based in Damascus were sent to Washington High & Elementary at Blakely. In addition to small farm agriculture, Jakin's early economic growth resulted from turpentine.
Formally, however, there is an examination board consisting of a candidate's teachers / examiners, the headmaster / headmistress and one external Vorsitzende ( r ) ( head ), usually a high-ranking school official or the head of another school.
Formally, a measurable cardinal is an uncountable cardinal number κ such that there exists a κ-additive, non-trivial, 0-1-valued measure on the power set of κ.
Formally, assuming the axiom of choice, cardinality of a set X is the least ordinal α such that there is a bijection between X and α.
Formally, a cardinal number κ is λ-unfoldable if and only if for every transitive model M of cardinality κ of ZFC-minus-power set such that κ is in M and M contains all its sequences of length less than κ, there is a non-trivial elementary embedding j of M into a transitive model with the critical point of j being κ and j ( κ ) ≥ λ.
Formally, if there is a utility function that describes preferences over L commodities, the expenditure function
Formally, if f is a harmonic function, then f cannot exhibit a true local maximum within the domain of definition of f. In other words, either f is a constant function, or, for any point inside the domain of f, there exist other points arbitrarily close to at which f takes larger values.
Formally, however, there is an examination board consisting of a candidate ’ s teachers / examiners, the headmaster / headmistress and a Vorsitzende ( r ) ( head ), usually a high-ranking school official or the head of another school.
Formally, a number n is colossally abundant if and only if there is an ε > 0 such that for all k > 1,
Formally, in Euclidean space, the wave front set of ƒ is defined as the complement of the set of all pairs ( x < sub > 0 </ sub >, v ) such that there exists a test function with φ ( x < sub > 0 </ sub >) ≠ 0 and an open cone Γ containing v such that the estimate
Formally, at least, the European Commission has primarily a monitoring role ; in practice, however, there is considerable scope for it to help set the policy agenda and persuade reluctant Member States to implement agreed policies.
Formally, a market is complete with respect to a trading strategy,, if there exists a self-financing trading strategy, such that at any time, the returns of the two strategies, and are equal.
Formally and exists
Formally Roman Kalyn is now the only member of the group, but de-facto GreenJolly exists in name only.
Formally and some
Formally, bending modulus is defined as the energy required to deform a membrane from its intrinsic curvature to some other curvature.
Formally, this means that, for some function f, the image f ( D ) of a directed set D ( i. e. the set of the images of each element of D ) is again directed and has as a least upper bound the image of the least upper bound of D. One could also say that f preserves directed suprema.
Formally a congruence subgroup is one that contains Γ ( N ) for some N, and the least such N is the level or Stufe of the subgroup.
By 1912, the Social Democrats, with an explicitly anti-antisemitic program, were the largest party in the German Reichstag, and the Progressives ran very strongly as well ... Formally, at least, the Jews had been fully emancipated with the establishment of the German Empire, although they were kept out of certain influential occupations, enjoyed extraordinary prosperity ... Germans intermarried with Jews: in the 1930s some 50, 000 Jews were living in mixed German-Jewish marriages, so at least 50, 000 Germans, and presumably parts of their families, had familial contact with the Jews.
Formally, we begin by considering some family of distributions for a random variable X, that is indexed by some θ.
Formally, Liouville numbers and elementary numbers contain the algebraic numbers, and they include some but not all transcendental numbers.
Formally, rotational symmetry is symmetry with respect to some or all rotations in m-dimensional Euclidean space.
Formally, the definition only requires some invertibility, so we can substitute for Q any matrix M whose eigenvalues do not include − 1.
Formally, all members of the Ghelani family are Hindu Leuva Patel, although some have since chosen other religious beliefs.
Bābak Khorram-Din ( Formally known as " Pāpak " meaning " Young Father ") (, alternative spelling: Bābak Xorramdin ; 795, according to some other sources 798 — January 838 ) was one of the main PersianArmenian historian Vardan Areweltsʻi, ca.
Formally, a strongly continuous semigroup is a representation of the semigroup ( R < sub >+</ sub >,+) on some Banach space X that is continuous in the strong operator topology.