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Formally, the outcomes Y < sub > i </ sub > are described as being Bernoulli-distributed data, where each outcome is determined by an unobserved probability p < sub > i </ sub > that is specific to the outcome at hand, but related to the explanatory variables.
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Formally and outcomes
Formally established in 1922, over the decades Woodcraft Rangers has modified Seton ’ s original emphasis on outdoor life to incorporate activities that meet the needs of an increasingly urban population, but the goal of changing behavior and encouraging positive outcomes through interaction and education remains central to its mission today.
Formally and Y
Formally, cl ( S ) denotes the smallest subset Y of M that contains S such that for each reaction ( A, B )
Formally, an antihomomorphism between X and Y is a homomorphism, where equals Y as a set, but has multiplication reversed: denoting the multiplication on Y as and the multiplication on as, we have.
Formally, f < sub > X, Y </ sub >( x, y ) is the probability density function of ( X, Y ) with respect to the product measure on the respective supports of X and Y.
Formally, given a finite set X, a collection C of subsets of X, all of size n, has Property B if we can partition X into two disjoint subsets Y and Z such that every set in C meets both Y and Z.
Formally it can be seen just as an ordinary function from X to the power set of Y, written as φ: X → 2 < sup > Y </ sup >.
Formally and <
Formally, the theorem is stated as follows: There exist unique integers q and r such that a = qd + r and 0 ≤ r < | d |, where | d | denotes the absolute value of d.
Formally, a unique factorization domain is defined to be an integral domain R in which every non-zero and non-unit x of R can be written as a product ( including an empty product ) of irreducible elements p < sub > i </ sub > of R and a unit u:
Formally, a function ƒ is real analytic on an open set D in the real line if for any x < sub > 0 </ sub > in D one can write
Formally, the ith row, jth column element of A < sup > T </ sup > is the jth row, ith column element of A:
Formally, the discrete sine transform is a linear, invertible function F: R < sup > N </ sup > < tt >-></ tt > R < sup > N </ sup > ( where R denotes the set of real numbers ), or equivalently an N × N square matrix.
Formally, the discrete Hartley transform is a linear, invertible function H: R < sup > n </ sup > < tt >-></ tt > R < sup > n </ sup > ( where R denotes the set of real numbers ).
Formally, Minkowski space is a four-dimensional real vector space equipped with a nondegenerate, symmetric bilinear form with signature < tt >(−,+,+,+)</ tt > ( Some may also prefer the alternative signature < tt >(+,−,−,−)</ tt >; in general, mathematicians and general relativists prefer the former while particle physicists tend to use the latter.
Formally, a ringed space ( X, O < sub > X </ sub >) is a topological space X together with a sheaf of rings O < sub > X </ sub > on X.
Formally, if we write F < sub > Δ </ sub >( x ) to mean the f-polynomial of Δ, then the h-polynomial of Δ is
Formally, a cardinal κ is defined to be weakly compact if it is uncountable and for every function f: < sup > 2 </ sup > →
Formally, an analytic function ƒ ( z ) of the real or complex variables z < sub > 1 </ sub >,…, z < sub > n </ sub > is transcendental if z < sub > 1 </ sub >, …, z < sub > n </ sub >, ƒ ( z ) are algebraically independent, i. e., if ƒ is transcendental over the field C ( z < sub > 1 </ sub >, …, z < sub > n </ sub >).
Formally, a Lie superalgebra is a ( nonassociative ) Z < sub > 2 </ sub >- graded algebra, or superalgebra, over a commutative ring ( typically R or C ) whose product, called the Lie superbracket or supercommutator, satisfies the two conditions ( analogs of the usual Lie algebra axioms, with grading ):
Formally and >
Formally and i
Formally, an inner product space is a vector space V over the field together with an inner product, i. e., with a map
Formally, a frame is defined to be a lattice L in which finite meets distribute over arbitrary joins, i. e. every ( even infinite ) subset
Formally, we start with a category C with finite products ( i. e. C has a terminal object 1 and any two objects of C have a product ).
Formally, this means that, for some function f, the image f ( D ) of a directed set D ( i. e. the set of the images of each element of D ) is again directed and has as a least upper bound the image of the least upper bound of D. One could also say that f preserves directed suprema.
Formally most of these approaches are similar to an artificial neural network, as inputs to a node are summed up and the result serves as input to a sigmoid function, e. g., but proteins do often control gene expression in a synergistic, i. e. non-linear, way.
a < sub > i </ sub >, a < sub > i + 1 </ sub >,..., which is a suffix of w. Formally, the satisfaction relation between a word and an LTL formula is defined as follows:
Formally, given two partially ordered sets ( S, ≤) and ( T, ≤), a function f: S → T is an order-embedding if f is both order-preserving and order-reflecting, i. e. for all x and y in S, one has
Formally, the person who directly draws the funds (" the payee ") instructs his or her bank to collect ( i. e., debit ) an amount directly from another's (" the payer's ") bank account designated by the payer and pay those funds into a bank account designated by the payee.
Formally and </
Formally, for a countable set of events A < sub > 1 </ sub >, A < sub > 2 </ sub >, A < sub > 3 </ sub >, ..., we have
Formally, a deterministic Büchi automaton is a tuple A = ( Q, Σ, δ, q < sub > 0 </ sub >, F ) that consists of the following components:
Formally and are
However, shortly after this positive result, Kurt Gödel published On Formally Undecidable Propositions of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems ( 1931 ), showing that in any sufficiently strong axiomatic system there are true statements which cannot be proved in the system.
Formally, as per the 2002 Memorandum of Understanding between the BSI and the United Kingdom Government, British Standards are defined as:
Formally speaking, a collation method typically defines a total order on a set of possible identifiers, called sort keys, which consequently produces a total preorder on the set of items of information ( items with the same identifier are not placed in any defined order ).
Formally, this sharing of dynamics is referred to as universality, and systems with precisely the same critical exponents are said to belong to the same universality class.
Limits and colimits in a category C are defined by means of diagrams in C. Formally, a diagram of type J in C is a functor from J to C:
Formally, collective noun forms such as “ a group of people ” are represented by second-order variables, or by first-order variables standing for sets ( which are well-defined objects in mathematics and logic ).
Formally, we are given a set of hypotheses and a set of manifestations ; they are related by the domain knowledge, represented by a function that takes as an argument a set of hypotheses and gives as a result the corresponding set of manifestations.
Formally, two variables are inversely proportional ( or varying inversely, or in inverse variation, or in inverse proportion or in reciprocal proportion ) if one of the variables is directly proportional with the multiplicative inverse ( reciprocal ) of the other, or equivalently if their product is a constant.
Formally, they are partial derivatives of the option price with respect to the independent variables ( technically, one Greek, gamma, is a partial derivative of another Greek, called delta ).
Formally, the word is applied to persons who are publicly accepted in a recognised capacity, such as professional employment, graduation from a course of study, etc., to give critical commentaries in one or any of a number of specific fields of public or private achievement or endeavour.
( Formally speaking, this then satisfies the premises of an axiom of well-founded induction, which asserts that these two conditions are sufficient for the proposition to hold for all x.
Formally this approximation is founded on the variational principle, valid for Hamiltonians that are bounded from below.
Formally, the sets of free and bound names of a process in π – calculus are defined inductively as follows.