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Fredric Wertham ( March 20, 1895 – November 18, 1981 ) was a German-born American psychiatrist and crusading author who protested the purportedly harmful effects of violent imagery in mass media and comic books on the development of children.
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Fredric and Wertham
Homosexual interpretations have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in his Seduction of the Innocent in 1954 that " Batman stories are psychologically homosexual.
Comics historian Les Daniels commented, " In retrospect the imperative seems less than inevitable, perhaps no more than trendy gender bending or possibly just a response to the homophobia inspired by Fredric Wertham more than thirty years earlier.
Psychologist Fredric Wertham decided that the phenomenon was a landmine of hidden and repressed Freudian issues, and that a sidekick's involvement in violent acts with his hero masked a sexual subtext.
" The Strange Case of Dr. Wertham " Amazing Heroes # 123 ( August 15, 1987 ); " The Return of Dr. Wertham " Amazing Heroes # 124 ( Sept. 1, 1987 ); " From Dr. Wertham With Love " Amazing Heroes # 125 ( Sept. 15, 1987 ) part series, see below for link to condensed version posted online under title " Fredric Wertham-Anti-Comics Crusader Who Turned Advocate ".
* Comics Reporter: " Let's You and Him Fight " Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5-Bart Beaty and Craig Fischer discuss Beaty's " Fredric Wertham and the Critique of Mass Culture "
The shorts were intended to satirize suggestions that early Batman comics implied a homosexual relationship between the eponymous title character and his sidekick Robin, a charge most infamously leveled by Fredric Wertham in his 1954 book, Seduction of the Innocent.
For every detractor who thinks he ’ s the worst thing to happen to comic books since Fredric Wertham, there are a dozen ravenous fanboys ready to snatch up whatever he does next.
Psychologist Fredric Wertham, who in Seduction of the Innocent asserted that " Batman stories are psychologically homosexual ", claimed to find a " subtle atmosphere of homoeroticism which pervades the adventures of the mature ' Batman ' and his young friend ' Robin '".
Fredric and March
* 1949 – Celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
This film was financed by Archibald MacLeish, Fredric March, Florence Eldridge, Lillian Hellman, Luise Rainer, Dudley Nichols, Franchot Tone and other Hollywood movie stars, moguls, and writers who composed a group known as the Contemporary Historians.
Robert Capa did camerawork, Sidney Lumet worked on the film as a reader, Hanns Eisler wrote the musical score, and Fredric March provided the narration.
The film, written by Rod Serling, costarred Fredric March as the President and Ava Gardner as a former flame of Lancaster's, was nominated for two Oscars.
His 1970s films included Monte Walsh ( 1970 ) with Jeanne Moreau, the violent Prime Cut ( 1972 ) with Gene Hackman, Pocket Money ( 1972 ) with Paul Newman, Emperor of the North Pole ( 1973 ) opposite Ernest Borgnine, as Hickey in The Iceman Cometh ( 1973 ) with Fredric March and Robert Ryan, The Spikes Gang ( 1974 ) with Noah Beery, Jr., The Klansman ( 1974 ) with Richard Burton, Shout at the Devil ( 1976 ) with Roger Moore, The Great Scout and Cathouse Thursday ( 1976 ) with Oliver Reed, and Avalanche Express ( 1978 ) with Robert Shaw.
Inherit the Wind was made into a 1960 film directed by Stanley Kramer, with Spencer Tracy as Drummond and Fredric March as Brady.
** Red Scare: Celebrities including Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
Fredric March won his second Best Actor award ( after winning in 1932 for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde ).
( Dana Andrews ' brilliant performance turned out to be overshadowed by the acclaim Fredric March and Harold Russell received.
Her next film was Nothing Sacred in 1937, casting her opposite Fredric March and under the direction of William A. Wellman.
Starring opposite Tracy was Fredric March, a pairing Variety described as " a stroke of casting genius ...
His play The Skin of Our Teeth opened in New York on November 18, 1942, with Fredric March and Tallulah Bankhead in the leading roles.
Beery won the Oscar for Best Actor ( sharing the prize with Fredric March for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde ), and Marion for Best Story.
The Barretts of Wimpole Street is a 1934 American film depicting the real-life romance between poets Elizabeth Barrett ( Norma Shearer ) and Robert Browning ( Fredric March ), despite the opposition of her father Edward Moulton-Barrett ( Charles Laughton ).
She co-starred with Fredric March in Manslaughter ( 1930 ), and received good reviews for her performance as a rich girl, jailed for vehicular manslaughter.
In the 1932 historical epic, The Sign of the Cross, she was cast opposite Fredric March as the Roman empress Poppaea.
Smilin ' Through ( 1932 ), which co-starred Fredric March, was one of the most successful films of its year.
Les Misérables is a 1935 American drama film starring Fredric March and Charles Laughton based upon the famous Victor Hugo novel of the same name.