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Galileo and announced
The European Commission also announced that the 85 million euro contract for system support covering industrial services required by ESA for integration and validation of the Galileo system had been awarded to Thales Alenia Space.
On 10 August 2006, it was announced that Makybe Diva would be served by Epsom Derby winner Galileo at Coolmore Stud.

Galileo and discovery
Galileo ’ s discovery showed the importance of the telescope as a tool for astronomers by proving that there were objects in space that cannot be seen by the naked eye.
Galileo initially named his discovery the Cosmica Sidera (" Cosimo's stars "), but names that eventually prevailed were chosen by Simon Marius.
Galileo ’ s discovery proved the importance of the telescope as a tool for astronomers by showing that there were objects in space to be discovered that until then had remained unseen by the naked eye.
Galileo, seeking patronage from his now-wealthy former student and his powerful family, used the discovery of Jupiter ’ s moons to gain it.
Galileo initially called his discovery the Cosmica Sidera (" Cosimo's stars "), in honour of Cosimo II de ' Medici ( 1590 – 1621 ).
From its discovery around 1602 by Galileo Galilei the regular motion of pendulums was used for timekeeping, and was the world's most accurate timekeeping technology until the 1930s.
It was the last planetary satellite to be discovered by direct visual observation ( as opposed to photographically ) and was the first new satellite of Jupiter since Galileo Galilei's discovery of the Galilean satellites in 1610.
This was a method sometimes used by scientists, such as Hooke, Huygens, Galileo, and others, to establish priority for a discovery without revealing details.
* Galileo – 18 October 1989 – Venus flyby, first Asteroid flyby, first Asteroid moon discovery, first Jupiter orbiter / atmospheric probe
In the last portion of Sidereus Nuncius, Galileo reported his discovery of four objects that appeared to form a straight line of stars near Jupiter.
The discovery of the rotating magnetic field is generally attributed to two inventors, the Italian physicist and electrical engineer Galileo Ferraris, and the Austrian / Serbian inventor and electrical engineer Nikola Tesla.
Galileo Galilei has been called the " father of modern observational astronomy ", because of his discovery of telescope and heliocentrism, and even " the Father of Modern Science ".
The Roman numbering system arose with the very first discovery of natural satellites other than Earth's Moon: Galileo referred to the Galilean moons as I through IV ( counting from Jupiter outward ), in part to spite his rival Simon Marius, who had proposed the names now adopted, after his own proposal to name the bodies after members of the Medici family failed to win currency.
Other famous scientists that have been depicted include Alessandro Volta ( the battery ) and Galileo ( the telescope and his discovery of Jupiter's largest moons ).
Given that Galileo published his work before Marius, Galileo is credited with the discovery.
In a debate about Galileo ’ s discovery of the Rings of Saturn these members developed an experiment which would demonstrate that Galileo ’ s discovery was validated by Christiaan Huygens theory.
Galileo Ferraris ( 31 October 1847 – 7 February 1897 ) was an Italian physicist and electrical engineer, noted mostly for the studies and independent discovery of the rotating magnetic field, a basic working principle of the induction motor.
The historian Xi Zezong has claimed that this was a naked-eye observation of Ganymede in the summer of 365 BC, long before Galileo Galilei's celebrated discovery of the same in 1610 ( all four of the brightest moons are technically visible to the unaided eye, but in practice are normally hidden by the glare of Jupiter ).
And I guess one of the reasons we got here today was because of a gentleman named Galileo, a long time ago, who made a rather significant discovery about falling objects in gravity fields.

Galileo and Venus
Galileo arrived at Jupiter on December 7, 1995, via gravitational assist flybys of Venus and Earth, becoming the first spacecraft to orbit Jupiter.
Space probes have been placed into orbit around all the five planets known to the ancients: first Mars ( Mariner 9, 1971 ), then Venus ( Venera 9, 1975 ; but landings on Venus and atmospheric probes were performed even earlier ), Jupiter ( Galileo, 1995 ), Saturn ( Cassini / Huygens, 2004 ), and most recently Mercury ( MESSENGER, March 2011 ), and have returned data about these bodies and their natural satellites.
Other Mariner-based spacecraft, launched since Voyager, included the Magellan probe to Venus, and the Galileo probe to Jupiter.
* Galileo Galilei ( 1564 – 1642 ) improved the telescope, with which he made several important astronomical discoveries, including the four largest moons of Jupiter, the phases of Venus, and the rings of Saturn, and made detailed observations of sunspots.
Most of the research effort to date has centered on Earth atmosphere entry configurations ( Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Shuttle ), planetary entry designs ( Viking, Pioneer Venus, Galileo and MSL ), and aerobraking ( AFE ) configurations.
* 1610 – Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, Europa, Ganymede, and Io, sees Saturn's planetary rings ( but does not recognize that they are rings ), and observes the phases of Venus, disproving the Ptolemaic system, though not the geocentric model
It was not until Galileo Galilei observed the moons of Jupiter on January 7, 1610, and the phases of Venus in September, 1610 that the heliocentric model began to receive broad support among astronomers, who also came to accept the notion that the planets are individual worlds orbiting the Sun ( that is, that Earth is a planet and is one among several.
Forced to substitute a lower delta V capable solid rocket upperstage, the IUS, instead of ascending directly to Jupiter, Galileo flew by Venus once and Earth twice in order to reach Jupiter in December, 1995.
The Galileo engineering review speculated ( but was never able to prove conclusively ) that this longer flight time coupled with the stronger sunlight near Venus caused lubricant in Galileo's main antenna to fail, forcing the use of a much smaller backup antenna with a consequent lowering of data rate from the spacecraft.
* 1960-1985: Van Allen, his colleagues, associates and students at The University of Iowa continued to fly scientific instruments on sounding rockets, Earth satellites ( Explorer 52 / Hawkeye 1 ), and interplanetary spacecraft including the first missions ( Pioneer program, Mariner program, Voyager program, Galileo spacecraft ) to the planets Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
Among the missions on which he has participated were the 1967 Mariner 5 flyby mission to Venus, the 1971 Mariner 9 orbiter mission to Mars, the Voyager mission to the outer planets of the solar system, the Galileo mission to Jupiter, and the Mars Global Surveyor orbiter.
Deployment occurred on schedule at 19: 15 EDT on 18 October, slightly more than six hours after launch, and the IUS successfully boosted Galileo toward Venus on the first leg of its six-year journey to Jupiter.
Galileo required a triple gravity assist – from Venus, Earth, and then Earth again – to propel it from the inner part of the solar system to Jupiter in the outer system.
The first known observations of the full planetary phases of Venus were by Galileo at the end of 1610 ( though not published until 1613 ).
Using a telescope, Galileo was able to observe Venus going through a full set of phases, something prohibited by the Ptolemaic system ( which would never allow Venus to be fully lit from the perspective of the Earth or more than semi-circular ).
He was recruited by Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a NASA FFRDC Contractor, where he played a role in several NASA programs, including the Magellan probe to Venus, the Ulysses probe to the Sun, the Galileo spacecraft to Jupiter, and the Mars Observer and Mars Pathfinder.
Starting with his first use of the telescope for astronomical observations in 1610, Galileo Galilei provided support for the Copernican system by observing the phases of Venus and the moons of Jupiter ( which showed that the apparently anomalous orbit of the Moon in Copernicus ' theory was not unique ).

Galileo and had
Mainly Galileo Galilei ( 1564 – 1642 ) but also Marin Mersenne ( 1588 – 1648 ), independently, discovered the complete laws of vibrating strings ( completing what Pythagoras and Pythagoreans had started 2000 years earlier ).
The Copernican theory of the solar system – that the Earth revolved annually about the Sun – had received confirmation by the observations of Galileo and Tycho Brahe ( who, however, never accepted heliocentrism ), and the mathematical investigations of Kepler and Newton.
When Galileo later complained of rumors to the effect that he had been forced to abjure and do penance, Bellarmine wrote out a certificate denying the rumors, stating that Galileo had merely been notified of the decree and informed that, as a consequence of it, the Copernican doctrine could not be " defended or held ".
The four moons were discovered sometime between 1609 and 1610 when Galileo made improvements to his telescope, which enabled him to observe celestial bodies more distinctly than had ever been possible before.
In 1605, Galileo had been employed as a mathematics tutor for Cosimo de ' Medici.
This greatly improves the viability of the Galileo project: " The EU's executive had previously said that if agreement was not reached by January 2008, the long-troubled project would essentially be dead.
In 1994, Galileo was perfectly positioned to watch the fragments of the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 crash into Jupiter, whereas terrestrial telescopes had to wait to see the impact sites as they rotated into view.
RTGs had been used for years in planetary exploration without mishap: the Lincoln Experimental Satellites 8 / 9, launched by the U. S. Department of Defense, had 7 % more plutonium on board than Galileo, and the two Voyager spacecraft each carried 80 % as much plutonium as Galileo did.
The camera system was designed to obtain images of Jupiter's satellites at resolutions from 20 to 1, 000 times better than Voyager's best, because Galileo flew closer to the planet and its inner moons, and because the more modern CCD sensor in Galileos camera was more sensitive and had a broader color detection band than the vidicons of Voyager.
Galileo also performed mechanical experiments, and insisted that motion itself — regardless of whether that motion was natural or artificial — had universally consistent characteristics that could be described mathematically.
However, many of the ideas, particularly as pertain to inertia ( impetus ) and falling bodies had been developed and stated by earlier researchers, both the then-recent Galileo and the less-known medieval predecessors.
Giovanni Faber coined the name microscope for Galileo Galilei's compound microscope in 1625 ( Galileo had called it the " occhiolino " or " little eye ").
Although a Dutch spectacle maker created the compound lens and inserted it in a microscope around the turn of the seventeenth century, and Galileo had applied the principle of the compound lens to the making of his microscope patented in 1609, its possibilities as a microscope had remained unexploited for half a century, until Robert Hooke improved the instrument.
Later, the theory was an essential tool for Galileo, just as it had been for Archimedes.

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