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Page "Comparative religion" ¶ 12
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Gandhi and like
In Gandhi ’ s thought, ahimsa precludes not only the act of inflicting a physical injury, but also mental states like evil thoughts and hatred, unkind behavior such as harsh words, dishonesty and lying, all of which he saw as manifestations of violence incompatible with ahimsa. Gandhi believed ahimsa to be a creative energy force, encompassing all interactions leading one's self to find satya, " Divine Truth ".
Gandhi had not only moderated the views of younger men like Subhas Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru, who sought a demand for immediate independence, but also reduced his own call to a one year wait, instead of two.
It was like running Gandhi into a corner.
Political leaders and reformers like Mahatma Gandhi, President John F. Kennedy, civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr., Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, and Russian author Leo Tolstoy all spoke of being strongly affected by Thoreau's work, particularly Civil Disobedience, as did " right-wing theorist Frank Chodorov devoted an entire issue of his monthly, Analysis, to an appreciation of Thoreau.
This epithet is commonly applied to prominent people like Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Lalon Shah, Jyotirao Phule and Branch Rickey.
Guests came from all walks of life, including politicians like Pierre Trudeau and Indira Gandhi, crusaders like Malcolm X, sports figures like Gordie Howe, entertainers like Boris Karloff and Ed Sullivan, and writers like Upton Sinclair.
He thought it was plausible that the Klingon leader who turned soft towards the enemy would be killed like similar peacemakers throughout history: Anwar El Sadat, Gandhi, and Abraham Lincoln.
Other moral examples like Francis of Assisi, Paul the Apostle, Buddha and Gandhi are also sometimes considered by the spiritists.
Gandhi has been critical of groups like the RSS and has compared them to terrorist organizations like SIMI.
Rahul Gandhi opines that the Lokpal should be made a constitutional body and it should be made accountable to the Parliament, just like the Election Commission.
* (( The historical progress of Islam, according to Gandhi, is not the legacy of the Muslim sword but a result of sacrifices of Muslim saints like Husain.
Senior Leaders like Morarji Desai, Athulya Ghosh, Kamarajar, S K Patil and Nijalingappa on the one side as Congress ( Organisation ) and Indira Gandhi, Shankar Dayal Sharma, Jagjivan Ram, C Subramaniam on the Other Side as Congress ( Indira ).
The DMK, led by Mr. Karunanidhi took a stance to support Mrs. Indira Gandhi in certain reforms like abolition of privy purse, nationalisation of Banks.
The women of Nehru – Gandhi family like Indira Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi wear the special blouse for the campaign trail which is longer than usually and is tucked in to prevent any midriff show while waving to the crowds. Stylist Prasad Bidapa has to say, “ I think Sonia Gandhi is the country's most stylish politician.
Chembur has several open public spaces like Gandhi Maidan, Annabhau Sathe Garden, Diamond Garden, Ambedkar Udyan, Sandu Garden, Tilak Nagar grounds ( Sahyadri & Municipal Ground ) and Jawahar Grounds where people meet up and conduct sports events and activities.

Gandhi and Hindus
In his last year, unhappy at the partition of India, Gandhi worked to stop the carnage between Muslims on the one hand and Hindus and Sikhs that raged in the border area between India and Pakistan.
Gandhi always fought against " communalism ," which pitted Muslims against Hindus in politics, but he could not reverse the rapid growth of communalism after 1922.
Godse later rejected Gandhi, after he saw Gandhi's repeated sabotage against the interests of Hindus by using the " fasting unto death " tactic on many issues.
In the 1920s, Saint Thomas Christian leaders such as George Joseph were advised by Mahatma Gandhi to detach from Vaikom Satyagraha, an agitation for the temple entry rights of avarna Hindus, as he considered the issue to be one of concern to Hindus alone.
Mohandas Gandhi and Allama Mashriqi believed that Hindus and Muslims could and should live in amity.
Gandhi was assassinated soon after Partition by Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse, who believed that Gandhi was appeasing Muslims at the cost of Hindus.
“ Few observers have shown more sympathy … with the religious and social practices of the Hindus than Geddes did ; yet no one could have written more scathingly of Mahatma Gandhi ’ s attempt to conserve the past by reverting to the spinning wheel, at a moment when the fundamental poverty of the masses in India called for the most resourceful application of the machine both to agricultural and industrial life .’
Anticipating revenge of Hindus against Muslims in Calcutta after the transfer of power, Suhrawardy sought help from Gandhi.
Gandhi was persuaded to stay and pacify tempers in Calcutta with the intention that Suhrawardy share the same roof with him so that they could appeal to Muslims and Hindus alike to live in peace.
Ambedkar negotiated with Gandhi under pressure and signed ' Poona Pact ', allowing Dalit more seats, but with all Hindus allowed to vote for them.
Gandhi claimed that the Congress alone represented political India ; that the Untouchables were Hindus and should not be treated as a “ minority ”; and that there should be no separate electorates or special safeguards for Muslims or other minorities.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi thought so highly of this text that he remarked, " If all the Upanishads and all the other scriptures happened all of a sudden to be reduced to ashes, and if only the first verse in the Ishopanishad were left in the memory of the Hindus, Hinduism would live for ever.
Gandhi envisaged that besides the meetings, the day would be spent "... in doing some constructive work, whether it is spinning, or service of ' untouchables ,' or reunion of Hindus and Mussalmans, or prohibition work, or even all these together ".
Outside his house, he runs into Sriram Abhyankar ( Atul Kulkarni ), who is part of a Hindu militant group determined to fight the Muslims ' malice with similar brute force, and assassinate Gandhi for what they perceive to be his treachery towards Hindu dominated India ( Gandhi wanted Hindus and Muslims to co-exist peacefully with hope of winning over the hearts of the rioters through sheer self-pity ).
Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan who is also known as " Frontier Gandhi " or " Sarhadi Gandhi " was not convinced by the two-nation theory and wanted a single united India as home for both Hindus and Muslims.
Despite his belief in Hinduism, Gandhi was also critical of many of the social practices of Hindus and sought to reform the religion.
These dual positions on the topic of the partition of India opened Gandhi up to criticism from both Hindus and Muslims.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his allies condemned Gandhi, accusing him of politically appeasing Muslims while turning a blind eye to their atrocities against Hindus, and for allowing the creation of Pakistan ( despite having publicly declared that " before partitioning India, my body will have to be cut into two pieces ").
While prominent Muslims like Allama Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah embraced the notion that Hindus and Muslims were distinct nations, other major leaders like Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, Maulana Azad, Badshah Khan, Hakim Ajmal Khan strongly backed the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian freedom struggle, opposing any notion of Muslim separatism.
However, she also faced criticism from Gandhi for her support of the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny, a movement she saw as the single greatest unifying factor of Hindus and Muslims at a time that was the peak of the movement for Pakistan.

Gandhi and did
Mainstream British cinema also reflected a change in attitudes, with Heat and Dust ( 1982 ), Gandhi ( 1982 ) and Cry Freedom ( 1987 ), although these did not directly address the experiences of minorities in Britain.
In the rift that formed within the Congress following the sudden closure of the non-cooperation movement after the Chauri Chaura incident, Nehru remained loyal to Gandhi and did not join the Swaraj Party formed by his father Motilal Nehru and CR Das.
Although Gandhi did not officially designate Nehru his political heir until 1942, the country as early as the mid-1930s saw in Nehru the natural successor to Gandhi.
Gandhi did not disagree with Nehru's move, but felt that if he resigned, his popularity with Indians would cease to stifle the party's membership.
Although Gandhi did not originate the All-India Muslim Conference, which directed the movement in India, he soon became its most prominent spokesman and attracted a strong base of Muslim support with local chapters in all Muslim centers in India.
Although Gandhi wanted a total focus on the task of winning independence and not speculation about India's future, he did not restrain the Congress from adopting socialism as its goal.
Nixon met with Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and did not believe her assertion that she would not invade Pakistan ; he did not trust her and once referred to her as an " old witch ".
But, both Kissinger and Gandhi aide Jayakar maintained, Gandhi did not respond to these proposals.
Gandhi, though looked upon him as his guru, did not change his mind.
Mulroney sent a letter of condolence to then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, which sparked an uproar in Canada since he did not call families of the actual victims to offer condolences.
The BJP did not support Operation Bluestar and strongly protested against the violence towards Sikhs in Delhi that broke out in 1984 following the assassination of Indira Gandhi by two of her Sikh bodyguards.
Detailed reports on the open shipping of arms-laden trucks was sent to the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, however the Government did not take any action to stop these.
The original statutes of January 1954 did not make allowance for posthumous awards ( and this perhaps explains why the decoration was never awarded to Mahatma Gandhi ), though this provision was added in the January 1966 statute.
In a reply to a question, she said she had neither personally approached the Congress nor did it offer to make her its candidate for the 2009 election, however in the past she had received many offer from the Congress to contest election, the first being in 1984 from Rajiv Gandhi.
Maruti Udyog, today India's premier automobile manufacturing corporation, was founded by Sanjay Gandhi, but the company did not produce any vehicles during his lifetime.
According to Mark Tully, " His inexperience did not stop him from using the Draconian powers his mother, Indira Gandhi, had taken to terrorise the administration, setting up what was in effect a police state ".
After Operation Blue Star in 1984, Tohra became an embittered man and did not endorse the Punjab accord put forward by the Rajiv Gandhi government to the Akalis for sharing political power with Harchand Singh Longowal.
While Gandhi marched along India's west coast, his close associate C. Rajagopalachari, who would later become independent India's first Governor-General, did a salt march in parallel on the east coast.
However, at the height of the Battle of Britain, Gandhi had stated his support for the fight against racism and of the British war effort, stating he did not seek to raise a free India from the ashes of Britain.

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