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Page "William Ewart Gladstone" ¶ 95
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Gladstone and wrote
Disraeli wrote a personal letter to Gladstone, asking him to place the good of the party above personal animosity: " Every man performs his office, and there is a Power, greater than ourselves, that disposes of all this ..." In responding to Disraeli Gladstone denied that personal feelings played any role in his decision then and previously to accept office, while acknowledging that there were differences between him and Derby " broader than you may have supposed.
Jenkins wrote 19 books, including a biography of Gladstone ( 1995 ), which won the 1995 Whitbread Award for Biography, and a much-acclaimed biography of Winston Churchill ( 2001 ).
Looking back in 1883, Gladstone wrote that " In principle, perhaps my Coalwhippers Act of 1843 was the most Socialistic measure of the last half century ".
In a ' Declaration ' signed on 7 December 1896 and only to be opened after his death by his son Stephen, Gladstone wrote:
Gladstone wrote to Cobden: "... the great aim — the moral and political significance of the act, and its probable and desired fruit in binding the two countries together by interest and affection.
Gladstone wrote in 1859 to his brother who was a member of the Financial Reform Association at Liverpool: " Economy is the first and great article ( economy such as I understand it ) in my financial creed.
When an unemployed miner ( Daniel Jones ) wrote to him to complain of his unemployment and low wages, Gladstone gave what H. C. G. Matthew has called " the classic mid-Victorian reply " on 20 October 1869:
George Howell wrote to Gladstone on 12 February: " There is one lesson to be learned from this Election, that is Organization ... We have lost not by a change of sentiment so much as by want of organised power ".
Both Tory Democracy and this new Liberalism, Gladstone wrote, had done " much to estrange me, and had for many, many years ".
Gladstone wrote on 16 July 1892 in his autobiographica that " In 1834 the Government ... did themselves high honour by the new Poor Law Act, which rescued the English peasantry from the total loss of their independence ".
In January 1894 Gladstone wrote that he would not " break to pieces the continuous action of my political life, nor trample on the tradition received from every colleague who has ever been my teacher " by supporting naval rearmament.
A few days after he relinquished the premiership, Gladstone wrote to George William Erskine Russell on 6 March 1894:
On 15 January Gladstone wrote to James Bryce, describing himself as " a dead man, one fundamentally a Peel – Cobden man ".
On 2 January 1897 Gladstone wrote to Francis Hirst on being unable to write a preface to a book on liberalism: " I venture on assuring you that I regard the design formed by you and your friends with sincere interest, and in particular wish well to all the efforts you may make on behalf of individual freedom and independence as opposed to what is termed Collectivism ".
Lord Acton wrote in 1880 that he considered Gladstone as one " of the three greatest Liberals " ( along with Edmund Burke and Lord Macaulay ).
He believed that Gladstone had taught people to combat materialism, complacency, and authoritarianism ; Buchan later wrote to Herbert Fisher, Stair Gillon, and Gilbert Murray that he was " becoming a Gladstonian Liberal.
On the day of Albert Victor's death, the leading Liberal politician, William Ewart Gladstone, wrote in his personal private diary " a great loss to our party ".
On 15 June 1841, Hope wrote to Gladstone:
In 1874, when Gladstone published his pamphlet on The Vatican Decrees, Lord Acton wrote during November and December a series of remarkable letters to The Times, illustrating Gladstone's main theme by numerous historical examples of papal inconsistency, in a way which must have been bitter enough to the ultramontane party, but ultimately disagreeing with Gladstone's conclusion and insisting that the Church itself was better than its premises implied.
Gladstone offered wavering Conservatives a compromise a little short of enfranchisement and redistribution, and after the Queen unsuccessfully attempted to persuade Salisbury to compromise, he wrote to Rev.
On 14 May Bright came to London and wrote to the Liberal MP Samuel Whitbread that Gladstone should withdraw the Home Rule Bill and that he should not dissolve Parliament is the Bill is put forward for a second reading and is defeated in a vote: "... it would only make the Liberal split the more serious, and make it beyond the power of healing.
On 27 November his son Albert wrote a letter to Gladstone in which he said his father had " wishes me to write to you and tell you that “ he could not forget your unvarying kindness to him and the many services you have rendered the country ”.
Native Blackfeet folk singer Jack Gladstone wrote a song dedicated to Russell titled " When the Land Belonged to God.

Gladstone and Herbert
* Herbert John Gladstone ( 1854 – 1930 ), MP and Viscount Gladstone.
The day after, both Houses of Parliament approved of the Address and Herbert Gladstone accepted a public funeral on behalf of the Gladstone family.
But Gladstone's son, Home Secretary Herbert Gladstone, angered the King by planning to permit Roman Catholic priests in vestments to carry the Host through the streets of London, and by appointing two ladies, Lady Frances Balfour and Mrs H. J. Tennant, to serve on a Royal Commission on reforming divorce law – Edward thought divorce could not be discussed with " delicacy or even decency " before ladies.
* Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone ( 1854 – 1930 ), Home Secretary 1905 – 1910 and Governor-General of South Africa 1910 – 1914 ; youngest son of William Ewart Gladstone
On 17 December, Herbert Gladstone revealed that his father was prepared to take office in order to implement Irish Home Rule, an action termed " flying the Hawarden Kite " by the press.
The Liberals regained power on 1 February, their leader Gladstone-influenced by the status of Norway, which at the time was self-governing but under the Swedish Crown-moving towards Home Rule, which Gladstone ’ s son Herbert revealed publicly under what became known as the " flying of the Hawarden Kite ".
In 1903, the Liberal Party's Chief Whip Herbert Gladstone negotiated a pact with Ramsay MacDonald of the Labour Representation Committee to withdraw Liberal candidates in order to help LRC candidates in certain seats, in return for LRC withdrawal in other seats to help Liberal candidates.
* Herbert Gladstone — Secretary of State for the Home Department
It was engineered by Ramsay MacDonald and Herbert Gladstone ( son of William Ewart Gladstone ): the Liberals would not stand against Labour in 30 constituencies in the next election, in order to avoid splitting the anti-Conservative vote.
The party further lost cohesion with some members including Gladstone, Graham and Herbert accepted cabinet posts in the new government led by Viscount Palmerston only to resign a few weeks later when the Government agreed to hold a commission on the conduct of the recent war.
Several leading Peelites ( including Gladstone, Herbert, Cardwell, and Newcastle, but notably not Graham, who was one of the driving forces behind the coalition ) accepted cabinet posts in this ministry, though some Peelites became independents or returned to the Conservatives.
In 1903 an agreement was made between Herbert Gladstone ( then Chief Whip of the Liberal Party ) and Ramsay MacDonald ( Secretary of the Labour Representation Committee ) that, in thirty-four constituencies, the Labour Party and the Liberal Party would not stand against each other, and thus risk splitting their vote.
# REDIRECT Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone
# REDIRECT Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone
# redirect Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone

Gladstone and Spencer
The passage Gladstone alluded to was one where Spencer spoke of " the behaviour of the so-called Liberal party ".
The Queen did not ask Gladstone who should succeed him but sent for Lord Rosebery ( Gladstone would have advised on Lord Spencer ).
Her great-uncle was Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, who was leader of the Liberal Party in the 1870s, and a close colleague of William Ewart Gladstone, Joseph Chamberlain and Lord Salisbury.
He was one of the few prime ministers ( others include William Pitt the Younger, Sir Winston Churchill, George Canning, Spencer Percival, William Ewart Gladstone, Edward Heath, John Major, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown ) who never acceded to the peerage.
John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer KG, PC ( 27 October 1835 – 13 August 1910 ), known as Viscount Althorp from 1845 to 1857 ( and also known as the Red Earl because of his distinctive long red beard ), was a British Liberal Party politician under and close friend of British prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.
Spencer split from other whiggish aristocratic Liberals in 1866 on the issue of Russell's reform bill, which he supported, and his loyalty was rewarded by his appointment as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland when Gladstone returned to power in 1868.
Spencer, in fact, went further than most of his ministerial colleagues, including Gladstone himself, in arguing for the setting up of government tribunals to enforce fair rents on Irish landlords.
When Gladstone returned to power for his second government in 1880, Spencer joined the Cabinet as Lord President of the Council, having responsibility for education policy, and was partially responsible for several major educational reforms of the period.
Gladstone himself nonetheless hoped that Spencer would be his successor, but the Queen did not seek his advice, and chose Lord Rosebery instead.
By the 1880s he was denouncing " the new Toryism " ( that is, the " social reformist wing " of the Liberal party – the wing to some extent hostile to Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone, this faction of the Liberal party Spencer compared to the interventionist " Toryism " of such people as the former Conservative party Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli ).
They include likenesses of Lord Roberts, painted for Queen Victoria ( 1882 ); the Prince of Wales, Lord Dufferin, the Duke of Cleveland ( 1885 ); Lord Overstone, Mr Bright, Mr Gladstone, Mr Chamberlain, Sir J Tenniel, Earl Spencer, Viscount Cranbrook, and a score of other important subjects.

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