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Gregory ’ s elevation to the papal see is believed to represent a continuation of the attempts to control the local political situation in Rome which had begun during Pope Eugene II ’ s pontificate.
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Gregory and ’
Gregory ’ s account of this saint ’ s life is not, however, a biography in the modern sense of the word.
To establish his authority, Gregory explains that his information came from what he considered the best sources: a handful of Benedict ’ s disciples who lived with the saint and witnessed his various miracles.
In Gregory ’ s day, history was not recognized as an independent field of study ; it was a branch of grammar or rhetoric, and historia ( defined as ‘ story ’) summed up the approach of the learned when they wrote what was, at that time, considered ‘ history .’ Gregory ’ s Dialogues Book Two, then, an authentic medieval hagiography cast as a conversation between the Pope and his deacon Peter, is designed to teach spiritual lessons.
Nevertheless, Gregory VII ’ s dramatization of the issue produced a significant improvement in the character of men raised to the episcopacy.
Some of Pope Gregory the Great ’ s letters survive that relate to the mission of St. Augustine to Kent in 597 ; these letters provide information about the mission specifically, but also can be used to draw conclusions about the state of Kent and its relationships with its neighbours.
The only direct written reference to Eormenric is in Kentish genealogies, but Gregory of Tours does mention that Æthelberht ’ s father was the king of Kent, though Gregory gives no date.
According to Gregory of Tours, Charibert was king when he married Ingoberg, Bertha ’ s mother, which places that marriage no earlier than 561.
This is possible, but seems unlikely, especially as Charibert seems to have had a preference for younger women, again, according to Gregory ’ s account.
On the other hand, Gregory refers to Æthelberht at the time of his marriage to Bertha, simply as " a man of Kent ", and in the 589 passage concerning Ingoberg ’ s death, which was written in about 590 or 591, he refers to Æthelberht as " the son of the king of Kent ".
If this does not simply reflect Gregory ’ s ignorance of Kentish affairs, which seems unlikely given the close ties between Kent and the Franks, then some assert that Æthelberht ’ s reign cannot have begun before 589.
The letter concerned Augustine ’ s mission to Kent in 597, and in it Gregory says that he believes " that you wish your subjects in every respect to be converted to that faith in which you, their kings and lords, stand ".
* A. Terian, Patriotism And Piety In Armenian Christianity: The Early Panegyrics On Saint Gregory, St Vladimir ’ s Seminary Press, 2005
The Australians elected Dave Gregory from New South Wales as Australia ’ s first ever captain and on winning the toss he decided to bat.
Sydney Cricket Ground curator, Ned Gregory, playing in his one and only Test for Australia, scored Test cricket ’ s first duck.
During the pontificate of Pope Constantine Gregory was made a papal secretary, and accompanied him to Constantinople in 711 to deal with the issues raised by Rome ’ s rejection of the canons of the Quinisext Council.
The actual negotiations on the contentious articles were handled by Gregory, with the result that the emperor Justinian II agreed that the Papacy could disregard whichever of the council ’ s decisions it wished to.
After Constantine ’ s death on 9 April 715, Gregory was elected pope, and was consecrated as Bishop of Rome on 19 May 715.
After hearing of the work that had been done so far, in 722 Gregory summoned Boniface back to Rome to answer rumours concerning Boniface ’ s doctrinal purity.
Interestingly, at this face to face meeting, Boniface complained that he found Gregory ’ s Latin difficult to understand, a clear indication that Vulgar Latin had already started to evolve into the Romance languages.
Gregory and s
Andrés Pérez, " Nicaragua: History, social conflict, and missions for peace ", in Gregory Wirick and Robert Miller ( ed. s ) Canada and Missions for Peace: Lessons from Nicaragua, Cambodia and Somalia.
Gregory and elevation
This process as described by Gregory is the public manifestation of the process of deification ( theosis ), which leads to a spiritual elevation and mystical union with God.
After his elevation to the papal chair at the conclusion of the papal election of 1227, Gregory IX commissioned Konrad von Marburg to eliminate heresy throughout the whole of Germany.
Before his elevation to the papacy, Sinibaldo was Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church ( 1226 – 27 ), being created Cardinal Priest of San Lorenzo in Lucina on 18 September 1227 by Pope Gregory IX, later serving as governor of the March of Ancona from 1235 until 1240.
While bishops of Gregory VII's party held a Synod in Quedlinburg, at which they denounced and condemned Guibert, partisans of Henry held a rival Synod at Mainz in 1085, where they approved the deposition of Gregory and the elevation of Guibert.
Negotiations with the emperor about the elevation of Vienna to a bishopric and of Austria ( including Styria ) to a kingdom were initiated, however, on condition that the duke's niece Gertrude now would have to marry the fifty-year-old emperor, who moreover had recently been banned by Pope Gregory IX and needed allies.
Gregory and papal
At an early age, he came to the attention of the papal nephew, Cardinal Scipione Borghese, and in 1621, at the age of only twenty three, he was knighted by Pope Gregory XV.
* 1377 – Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.
In the 1230s, Pope Gregory IX responded to the failures of the episcopal inquisition with a series of papal bulls which became the papal inquisition.
A papal dispensation was also necessary for the marriage to take place, as the couple was closely related, and was issued by Pope Gregory XII on 6 December 1374.
Although the description " servant of the servants of God " was also used by other Church leaders, including St. Augustine and St. Benedict, it was first used extensively as a papal title by Pope St. Gregory the Great, reportedly as a lesson in humility for Patriarch of Constantinople John the Faster, who had assumed the title " Ecumenical Patriarch ".
This political and temporal authority was demonstrated through the papal role in the Holy Roman Empire ( especially prominent during periods of contention with the Emperors, such as during the Pontificates of Pope Gregory VII and Pope Alexander III ).
He annulled Pope Gregory X's bull on the holding of papal conclaves, but died before enacting new regulations.
After the long deadlocked vacancy in the papal see after the death of Clement IV, a vacant seat of three years, he was one of the six cardinals who finally elected Pope Gregory X by compromise on 1 September 1271 in a conclave held at Viterbo because conditions in Rome were too turbulent.
As a deacon, Boniface had impressed Pope Gregory I, who described him as a man " of tried faith and character " and selected him to be apocrisiarius ( legate, essentially the papal nuncio ) to the court of Constantinople in 603.
Tensions between Gregory and the imperial court began around 722, when emperor Leo III attempted to raise taxes on the papal patrimonies in Italy, draining the Papacy ’ s monetary reserves.
In response to the defeat of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem at the Battle of Hattin, Gregory issued the papal bull Audita tremendi calling for the Third Crusade.
Gregory succeeded Pope Clement IV in 1271 after the papal chair had been vacant for three years due to divisions among the Cardinals.
As archbishop, he was appointed papal legate to France by Pope Paschal II during the time that Paschal was induced under pressure from Holy Roman Emperor Henry V to issue the Privilegium of 1111, by which he yielded much of the papal prerogatives that had been so forcefully claimed by Pope Gregory VII in the Gregorian Reforms.
By coming down solidly on the side of Spanish interests, in part because Gregory XIV was elected due to the influence of the Spanish cardinals, the recent papal policy of trying to maintain a balance between Spain and France was abandoned.
Gregory was chosen at Rome in 1406 by a conclave consisting of only fifteen cardinals under the express condition that, should Antipope Benedict XIII ( 1394 – 1423 ), the rival papal claimant at Avignon, renounce all claim to the Papacy, he would also renounce his, so that a fresh election might be made and the Western Schism ( 1378 – 1417 ) could be ended.
Detail of the list of papal tombs | tomb of Pope Gregory XIII celebrating the introduction of the Gregorian calendar.
This was verified by the observations of Clavius, and the new calendar was instituted when Gregory decreed, by the papal bull Inter gravissimas of 24 February 1582, that the day after Thursday, 4 October 1582 would be not Friday, 5 October, but Friday, 15 October 1582.