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Ethics and defines
The British House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics defines euthanasia as " a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering ".
Aristotle defines virtuous character at the beginning of Book II in Nicomachean Ethics: “ Excellence of character, then, is a state concerned with choice, lying in a mean relative to us, this being determined by reason and in the way in which the man of practical wisdom would determine it.
As per the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Thomas defines " the good " as what all things strive for.
The American nonprofit Center for Cognitive Liberty and Ethics, founded and directed by neuroethicist Dr. Wrye Sententia and legal theorist Richard Glen Boire, defines cognitive liberty as " the right of each individual to think independently and autonomously, to use the full spectrum of his or her mind, and to engage in multiple modes of thought.

Ethics and property
How explicit such factors have been historically is evident in any chronology of restrictive covenant cases or in a review of NAREB's Code of Ethics Article 34 in the Code, adopted in 1924, states that `` a Realtor should never be instrumental in introducing into a neighborhood a character of property or occupancy, members of any race or nationality or any individuals whose presence will clearly be detrimental to property values in that neighborhood ''.
The failure to properly disclosure property ownership is a violation of the Ethics in Government Act and the False Statements Accountability Act of 1996.
He argues that the field presupposes the institution of the right to private property ( one cannot trade what one does not own or hasn't been authorized to trade by the owner ) in the works, The Business of Commerce, Examining an Honorable Profession, and A Primer on Business Ethics, both with James Chesher, and The Morality of Business, A Profession of Human Wealth Care ( Springer, 2007 ).
The homes, property, places and abodes of persons who have been active in attempting to: suppress Scientology or Scientologists are all beyond any protection of Scientology Ethics, unless absolved by later Ethics or an amnesty ... this Policy Letter extends to suppressive non-Scientology wives and husbands and parents, or other family members or hostile groups or even close friends.

Ethics and community
* Rachael's Centre for Torah, Musar & Ethics An online learning community dedicated to Pluralistic Jewish learning through a female lens
In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle, like Plato before him, argued that the pursuit of eudaimonia is an " activity of the soul in accordance with perfect virtue ", which further could only properly be exercised in the characteristic human communitythe polis or city-state.
The Leadership, Ethics, and Social Action Minor at Indiana University-Bloomington focuses on civic participation, community decision-making, and citizenship skills: how to communicate and organize and lead while serving as a citizen.
In 1974, Ethics professor William Hayden McCallum came out as a gay man to the school community.
Buckingham was actively involved in a number of community organisations, and was on the board of Box Hill Hospital for several years, as well as being a member of the Monash University Department of Physiology's Animal Ethics Committee.
The ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums, translated into 36 languages and revised in 2006, establishes values and principles shared by ICOM and the international museum community.
In her 1988 book, Lesbian Ethics: Towards a New Value, Lesbian Philosopher Sarah Lucia Hoagland alludes to Lesbian Separatism's potential to encourage lesbians to develop healthy community ethics based on shared values.

Ethics and which
In his book Civilization And Ethics Albert Schweitzer faces the moral problems which arise when moral law is recognized in business life, for example.
Simone de Beauvoir tries to base an ethics on Heidegger's and Sartre's writings ( The Ethics of Ambiguity ), where she highlights the need to grapple with ambiguity: " as long as philosophers and they have thought, most of them have tried to mask it ... And the ethics which they have proposed to their disciples has always pursued thre same goal.
Andronicus wrote a work upon Aristotle, the fifth book of which contained a complete list of the philosopher's writings, and he also wrote commentaries upon the Physics, Ethics, and Categories.
Geoethics is an interdisciplinary field between Geosciences and Ethics which involves Earth and Planetary Sciences as well as applied ethics.
And it is a fact, that Ethics aims at discovering what are those other properties belonging to all things which are good.
Before going to Germany, Evans continued her interest in theological work with a translation of Feuerbach's Essence of Christianity, and while abroad she wrote essays and worked on her translation of Baruch Spinoza's Ethics, which she completed in 1856, but which was not published in her lifetime.
This was based on Aquinas ' conflation of natural law and natural right, the latter of which Aristotle posits in Book V of the Nicomachean Ethics (= Book IV of the Eudemian Ethics ).
According to some, Aquinas conflates the natural law and natural right, the latter of which Aristotle posits in Book V of the Nicomachean Ethics ( Book IV of the Eudemian Ethics ).
** Situation Ethics, which holds that the correct action is the one that creates the most loving result, and that love should always be our goal.
For Rand, all of the principal virtues are applications of the role of reason as man's basic tool of survival: rationality, honesty, justice, independence, integrity, productiveness, and pride — each of which she explains in some detail in " The Objectivist Ethics.
One of the first, extremely important classical works of political philosophy is Plato's Republic, which was followed by Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics and Politics.
Baruch Spinoza's Ethics, finished in 1675, was the major source from which pantheism spread.
As for the Hobbesians, Singer attempts a response in the final chapter of Practical Ethics, arguing that self-interested reasons support adoption of the moral point of view, such as ' the paradox of hedonism ', which counsels that happiness is best found by not looking for it, and the need most people feel to relate to something larger than their own concerns.
These authors, in such works as The Republic and Laws by Plato, and The Politics and Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, analyzed political systems philosophically, going beyond earlier Greek poetic and historical reflections which can be found in the works of epic poets like Homer and Hesiod, historians like Herodotus and Thucydides, and dramatists such as Sophocles, Aristophanes, and Euripides.
This is recognised by the Committee on Publication Ethics ( COPE ) which has issued clear guidelines on the form ( e. g. retraction ) that concerns over the research record should take.
::“ We certainly cannot hope directly to compare their effects except within a limited future ; and all the arguments, which have ever been used in Ethics, and upon which we commonly act in common life, directed to shewing that one course is superior to another, are ( apart from theological dogmas ) confined to pointing out such probable immediate advantages …
Following the ideas of the Academics, Zeno divided philosophy into three parts: Logic ( a very wide subject including rhetoric, grammar, and the theories of perception and thought ); Physics ( not just science, but the divine nature of the universe as well ); and Ethics, the end goal of which was to achieve happiness through the right way of living according to Nature.
Ethics, he taught, depended on understanding the nature of the universe, and he taught a therapy of extirpating the unruly passions which depress and crush the soul.
If the demands of an organization with which psychologists are affiliated or for whom they are working are in conflict with this Ethics Code, psychologists clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code, and take reasonable steps to resolve the conflict consistent with the General Principles and Ethical Standards of the Ethics Code.

Ethics and individual
Ethics investigates the concepts of " right " and " good " in individual and social conduct.
* Ethics – A search for viable individual, social and political principles of ethical conduct, judging them on their ability to enhance human well-being and individual responsibility.
Hubbard also wrote that Scientology Ethics Officers should recommend handling rather than disconnection when the antagonistic individual is a close relative.
Since 2001 she has been member of the Nationaler Ethikrat ( National Ethics Council of Germany ) for the ethical assessment of new developments in the life sciences and their influence on the individual and society.
* Statements of Ethics by industry organizations or an individual company so its employees know what is expected of them.
The Medical Ethics Department, which provides support to the Committee, answers individual ethical enquiries from doctors who are members of the BMA and produces guidelines and other publications.
* Spinoza provided his own scholia to many of the propositions in his Ethics, commentaries upon and expansions of the individual propositions, or sometimes short conclusions to sections of argumentation running over a number of propositions.
For Aristo, Ethics was the only true branch of philosophy, but he also limited this category, removing its practical side: advice concerning individual actions was largely useless:
According to the Hubbard textbook titled Introduction to Scientology Ethics (" the Ethics book "), when an individual is found to be under the influence of a Suppressive Person, it is believed that this will affect their general well-being.
In the Scientology Ethics book, " disconnection " is defined as a self-determined decision made by an individual that he is not going to be connected to another.

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