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In 1945, Vannevar Bush wrote an article in The Atlantic Monthly called " As We May Think ", about a futuristic proto-hypertext device he called a Memex.
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1945 and Vannevar
In 1945, Engelbart had read with interest Vannevar Bush's article " As We May Think ", a call to action for making knowledge widely available as a national peacetime grand challenge.
However, according to Nelson, the concept of transclusion had already formed part of his 1965 description of hypertext ; he also interprets the notion of " trails " in Vannevar Bush's 1945 essay As We May Think as describing transclusion rather than hyperlinks.
The idea of using computers to search for relevant pieces of information was popularized in the article As We May Think by Vannevar Bush in 1945.
The memex ( a portmanteau of " memory " and " index ") is the name of the hypothetical proto-hypertext system that Vannevar Bush described in his 1945 The Atlantic Monthly article " As We May Think " ( AWMT ).
He credits James Goodby ( of the Brookings Institution ) with tracing what he considers the earliest known English-language use soon after the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ( although it is not quite verbatim ): a communique from a 15 November 1945, meeting of Harry Truman, Clement Attlee and Mackenzie King ( probably drafted by Vannevar Bush – or so Bush claimed in 1970 ) referred to " weapons adaptable to mass destruction ".
For example, wearable computer imaging systems were described by Vannevar Bush in his essay " As We May Think " in the Atlantic Monthly in July 1945 and wearable devices for timing the trajectory of the balls on a roulette table were built and used by Ed Thorp and Claude Shannon in 1961.
The classic example is Vannevar Bush's July 1945 essay " As We May Think ", which inspired Douglas Engelbart and later Ted Nelson to develop the modern workstation and hypertext technology.
; 1945: Vannevar Bush — head of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, intimately connected with the Manhattan Project, and personal acquaintance of the President — was asked by President Roosevelt in 1944 to write a report on what should be done in the postwar to further foster government commitment to science and technology.
In 1945, Vannevar Bush described a hypertext-like device called the " memex " in his The Atlantic Monthly article As We May Think.
Vannevar Bush, director of the office of scientific research and development for the U. S. government in July 1945, wrote " Science is a proper concern of government " Vannevar Bush directed the forerunner of the National Science Foundation, and his writings directly inspired researchers to invent the hyperlink and the computer mouse.
Following ideas inspired by Vannevar Bush's famous 1945 article " As We May Think ", Garfield undertook the development of a comprehensive citation index showing the propagation of scientific thinking ; he started the Institute for Scientific Information in 1955.
1945 and Bush
Bush describes the memex and other visions of " As We May Think " as projections of technology known in the 1930s and 1940s in the spirit of Jules Verne or Arthur C. Clarke's 1945 proposal to orbit geosynchronous satellites for global telecommunication.
In 1945, Bush published As We May Think in which he predicted that " wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear, ready made with a mesh of associative trails running through them, ready to be dropped into the memex and there amplified ".
In Science, The Endless Frontier, his 1945 report to the President of the United States, Bush called for an expansion of government support for science, and he pressed for the creation of the National Science Foundation.
Former President George H. W. Bush was stationed at the base for training during 1945 for about two months.
* Former U. S. President George H. W. Bush and his wife Barbara Bush lived in Trenton for two months in the spring of 1945 while Bush was stationed at nearby Naval Air Station Grosse Ile.
Bush issued his report to President Harry S. Truman in July 1945, entitled Science — The Endless Frontier.
She met George Herbert Walker Bush at age 16, and the two married in 1945, while he was on leave during his deployment as a Naval officer in World War II.
Besides Griffin winning consecutive Heismans at Ohio State, three other programs had two different players win the Heisman Trophy in consecutive years: Yale ( 1936 – 37 ), Army ( 1945 – 46 ), and Southern California ( USC ) ( 2004 – 05, though Reggie Bush voluntarily forfeited his 2005 award in September 2010 and sent the trophy back to the Heisman Trust ).
Larry Dean Thompson ( born November 15, 1945 ) is an American lawyer, most notable for his service as deputy Attorney General of the United States under United States President George W. Bush until August 2003.
* Michael Dutton Douglas ( 1945 – 1963 ), killed in a car accident involving future First Lady Laura Bush
The second USS Bush ( DD 529 ) was a Fletcher class destroyer that served during World War II from 1943 to 1945.
* Chip Hawkes — born Leonard Donald Stanley Hawkes, 2 November 1945, Shepherd's Bush, West London — Bassist / Vocalist ( from 1965 ).
1945 and wrote
Von Neumann wrote the first array-sorting program ( merge sort ) in 1945, during the building of the first stored-program computer .< sup > p.
* Constitution of 1946 – in October, 1945, with the II World War over, a civil-military coup ousted dictatorial Getúlio Vargas, an Assembly wrote a democratic constitution.
James Hadley Chase wrote a few novels with private eyes as the main hero, including Blonde's Requiem ( 1945 ), Lay Her Among the Lilies ( 1950 ), and Figure It Out for Yourself ( 1950 ).
She also wrote that the Soviets were " violating girls and women of all ages ", and about her, her daughter's and grandson's suffering as displaced persons in postwar Berlin, where the Germans abandoned them for a possible hostage exchange in April 1945, as the Russians were advancing.
In 1945 or early 1946, while still living at Canonbury Square, Orwell wrote an article on " British Cookery ", complete with recipes, commissioned by the British Council.
The symbolic initiation of this new phase in Sartre ’ s work is packaged in the introduction he wrote for a new journal, Les Temps Modernes, in October 1945.
Styne established his own dance band, which brought him to the notice of Hollywood, where he was championed by Frank Sinatra and where he began a collaboration with lyricist Sammy Cahn, with whom he wrote many songs for the movies, including " It's Been a Long, Long Time " (# 1 for 3 weeks for Harry James and His Orchestra in 1945 ), " Five Minutes More ," and the Oscar-winning " Three Coins in the Fountain ".
The convention is named for Sam Stayman, who wrote the first published description in 1945, but its inventors were two other players: the British expert Jack Marx in 1939, who published it only in 1946, and Stayman's regular partner George Rapée in 1945.
In 1945 Heidegger wrote of his term as rector, giving the writing to his son Hermann ; it was published in 1983:
On February 1, 1945 Eisenhower wrote a memo ranking the military capabilities of his subordinate American generals in the ETO.
and, in 1945, wrote Walden Two, a fictional utopia about 1, 000 members of a community living together inspired by the life of Thoreau.
Jansson wrote and illustrated her first Moomin book, The Moomins and the Great Flood, in 1945, during World War II.
The American historian Keith Bird wrote if Raeder's claims after 1945 that he resisted efforts to introduce National Socialism in the Navy were true, then it would been very unlikely that Hitler would had awarded Raeder the Golden Party Badge.
They also wrote the score to the film State Fair ( 1945 ) ( which was remade in 1962 with Pat Boone ), and a special TV musical of Cinderella ( 1957 ).
Wilhelm Keitel wrote his memoirs in the six weeks before he was hanged ; they have been published later in few editions, for example " The Memoirs of Field-Marshal Wilhelm Keitel: Chief of the German High Command, 1938 – 1945 " edited by Walter Görlitz, ISBN 978-0-8154-1072-0.
In May 1945 he wrote his last major contribution to Jewish refugees, the pamphlet " Nowhere to Lay Their Heads ": The Jewish tragedy in Europe and its solution, a personal appeal for the opening up of Palestine for large scale Jewish immigration from Europe, which he distributed for free and was a great success.
In September 1945 he started an organisation Save Europe Now ( SEN ) to campaign for the support of Germans, and over the next four years he wrote another eight pamphlets and books addressing the issue and visited the country several times.
He wrote that the Japanese government should have surrendered as soon as losing the war was inevitable, an action that would have prevented Tokyo from being firebombed in March 1945, as well as subsequent bombings of other cities.
Armstrong wrote United States in Prophecy ( also printed as " United States and Britain in Prophecy "), first published in 1945 and followed by further editions.
In 1965, the historian A. J. P. Taylor wrote in his Preface to English History 1914 – 1945: " Some inhabitants of Scotland now call themselves Scots and their affairs Scottish.
In the run-up to the 1945 election, Hogg wrote a response to the book Guilty Men, called The Left was never Right.
* Adele Goldberg ( computer scientist ) ( born 1945 ), computer scientist who wrote or co-wrote books on the programming language Smalltalk-80