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Latin and literature
The historic roots of Algerian literature goes back to the Numidian era, when Apuleius wrote The Golden Ass, the only Latin novel to survive in its entirety.
However, while Apollo has a great number of appellations in Greek myth, only a few occur in Latin literature, chief among them Phoebus ( ; Φοίβος, Phoibos, literally " radiant "), which was very commonly used by both the Greeks and Romans in Apollo's role as the god of light.
Among his very numerous works two poems entitle him to a distinguished place in the Latin literature of the Middle Ages ; one of these, the De planctu naturae, is an ingenious satire on the vices of humanity.
During the Hellenization of Latin literature, the myths of Ares were reinterpreted by Roman writers under the name of Mars.
The Latin translation helped the Life become one of the best known works of literature in the Christian world, a status it would hold through the Middle Ages.
Virgil was seen as the pinnacle of Latin literature, and Latin was the dominant literary language of England at the time, therefore making Virgilian influence highly likely.
Thus, Latin grew from a highly developed cultural product of the Golden and Silver eras of Latin literature to become the international lingua franca in matters diplomatic, scientific, philosophic and religious, until the 17th century.
Category: Early medieval Latin literature
It is sometimes argued that the greatest contribution that this work made to English literature was in popularizing the literary use of the vernacular, English, rather than French or Latin.
The Etruscans had a rich literature, as noted by Latin authors.
His mother, the daughter of a jurist, was a fluent reader of Latin and classical literature and was responsible for her son's education for his first twelve years.
Although only fragments of his works survive, his influence in Latin literature was significant.
Although her native tongue was Poitevin, she was taught to read and speak Latin, was well versed in music and literature, and schooled in riding, hawking, and hunting.
Only when he had mastered Latin did he begin to express himself on major contemporary themes in literature and religion.
As a comparative grammarian he was much more than as a Sanskrit scholar ,” and yet “ it is surely much that he made the grammar, formerly a maze of Indian subtilty, as simple and attractive as that of Greek or Latin, introduced the study of the easier works of Sanskrit literature and trained ( personally or by his books ) pupils who could advance far higher, invade even the most intricate parts of the literature and make the Vedas intelligible.
The Latin word for guilt is culpa, a word sometimes seen in law literature, for instance in mea culpa meaning " my fault ( guilt ).
Petrarch at that time encouraged Boccaccio to study classical Greek and Latin literature.
Through the influence of Johannes Buxtorf ( d. 1629 ) a serious attempt was made to understand the post-Biblical literature, and many of the most important works were translated into Latin.
It was the standard epic metre in classical Greek and Latin literature, such as in the Iliad and Aeneid.
However, this " nativist " position has been challenged by " revisionist " scholars who believe that much of it was created in Christian times in deliberate imitation of the epics of classical literature that came with Latin learning.
There Jerome learned Latin and at least some Greek, though probably not the familiarity with Greek literature he would later claim to have acquired as a schoolboy.
Jerusalem had an extensive library not only of ancient and medieval Latin works but of Arabic literature, much of which was apparently captured from Usamah ibn Munqidh and his entourage after a shipwreck in 1154.

Latin and Appius
" According to some records, the original seventh letter, ⟨ z ⟩, had been purged from the Latin alphabet somewhat earlier in the 3rd century BC by the Roman censor Appius Claudius, who found it distasteful and foreign.
: For the Latin praenomen, see Appius ( praenomen ).
Clausus was enrolled among the patricians, and exchanged his Sabine name for the Latin Appius Claudius.
However, the praenomen Appius is known from other Latin sources, and may simply represent the Latin name closest in sound to Attius.
* Attius may be the Oscan equivalent of the Latin praenomen Appius, since the Sabine Attius Clausus took the name Appius Claudius upon settling at Rome ; however, it could also simply have been the closest praenomen in sound.
He may have been inspired by his ancestor Appius Claudius the Censor, who made earlier changes to the Latin alphabet.
Appius Claudius Pulcher ( Latin: ) was a Roman general of the 3rd century BC, active in the Second Punic War.
Appius Claudius Pulcher ( Latin: ) was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC.

Latin and Claudius
Claudius ( Latin: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus ; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54 ) was Roman Emperor from 41 to 54.
The results of all these efforts were recognized even by Seneca, who has an ancient Latin god defend Claudius in his satire.
Claudius also tried to revive the old custom of putting dots between successive words ( Classical Latin was written with no spacing ).
Julius and Claudius were two Roman family names ; in classical Latin, they came second.
This Latin inscription regarding Tiberius Claudius Balbilus of Rome ( d. c. AD 79 ) mentions the " ALEXANDRINA BYBLIOTHECE " ( line eight ).
Nero ( Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus ; 15 December 37 – 9 June 68 ) was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
* Claudius Claudianus De Raptu Proserpinae, full text on Divus Angelus ( Latin )
Claudius ' victories against the Goths would not only make him a hero in Latin tradition, but an admirable choice as an ancestor for Constantine, who was born at Naissus, the site of Claudius ' victory in 269.
The autonomy of Semo Sancus from Jupiter and the fact that Dius Fidius is an alternate theonym designating Semo Sancus ( and not Jupiter ) is shown by the name of the correspondent Umbrian god Fisus Sancius which compounds the two constituent parts of Sancus and Dius Fidius: in Umbrian and Sabine Fisus is the exact correspont of Fidius, as e. g. Sabine Clausus of Latin Claudius.
The new harbor, not surprisingly called Portus, from the Latin for " harbor ," was excavated from the ground at the orders of the emperor Claudius.
* Ptolemy – the Latin translation of Claudius Ptolemy's work Planisphaerium is a significant work which was produced in Toulouse in 1143.
* " increase in the number of Greek words in ordinary use " ( Claudius Suetonius refers to " both our languages ", Latin and Greek )
Pontano's Latin translation of Claudius Ptolemy's astrological work, the Tetrabiblos ( or Quadripartitum ) was first printed in 1535 as part of Joachim Camerarius first portfolio edition that also included the Greek text.
The Roman Emperor Claudius proposed introducing a new letter into the Latin alphabet to transcribe the so-called sonus medius ( a short vowel before labial consonants ), but in inscriptions was sometimes used for Greek upsilon instead.
" This allows Graves to explore the etymology of Latin words ( like the origins of the names " Livia " and " Caesar ") that would otherwise be obvious to native Latin speakers, who Claudius ( correctly ) believes will not exist in the future.
He was the author of numerous works, including: a Greek grammar in the form of question and answer, like the Erotemata of Manuel Moschopulus, with an appendix on the so-called " Political verse "; a treatise on syntax ; a biography of Aesop and a prose version of the fables ; scholia on certain Greek authors ; two hexameter poems, one a eulogy of Claudius Ptolemaeus — whose Geography was rediscovered by Planudes, who translated it into Latinthe other an account of the sudden change of an ox into a mouse ; a treatise on the method of calculating in use amongst the Indians ( ed.
Claudius Salmasius is the Latin name of Claude Saumaise ( April 15, 1588-September 3, 1653 ), a French classical scholar.
The nomen Claudius, originally Clausus, according to legend, is usually said to be derived from the Latin adjective claudus, meaning " lame ".
The metathesis of Clausus into Claudius, and its common by-form, Clodius, was discussed in the Dictionnaire Étymologique Latin.
* Claudius Claudianus, the last of the Latin classic poets, who flourished during the reigns of Theodosius, Arcadius, and Honorius.

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