[permalink] [id link]
In Luke 1: 3-4, the author states that he decided to “ write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the truth concerning the things about which you have been instructed .” Theophilus is Greek for lover of God and it is suggested that he may either be an individual who recently converted to the faith or a Roman official of whom the church is seeking acceptance from.
Some Related Sentences
Luke and 1
" There be some standing here which shall not taste of death till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom " ( Matthew 16: 28 ) ( or, " until they see that the kingdom of God has come with power " ( Mark 9: 1 ); or, " till they see the kingdom of God " ( Luke 9: 27 ).
“ Acts, then is a continuation of the Lucan Gospel, not in the sense that it relates what Jesus continued to do, but how his followers carried out his commission under the guidance of his Spirit .” Thus, part of the answer to the purpose of Acts is that Luke is writing to Theophilus, who is also mentioned in Luke 1: 3, in order to explain to him the occurrences that take place in the church that fulfill Jesus ’ promise to his disciples that “ you will be baptized with, the Holy Spirit not many days from now ” ( Acts 1: 5 ).
Luke begins with a global perspective, dating the birth of Jesus to the reign of the Roman emperors in Luke 2: 1 and 3: 1.
The Book of Chronicles is alluded to, though not directly quoted, in the New Testament ( Hebrews 5: 4 ; Matthew 12: 42 ; 23: 35 ; Luke 1: 5 ; 11: 31, 51 ).
In the New Testament e. g. Matthew 1: 1, 1: 18 ; Mark 1: 1 ; John 1: 17 ; 17: 3 ; 9: 22 ; Mark 9: 40 ; Luke 2: 11 ; 22: 2, the word Christ is preceded by Jesus.
* Mader, Donald " The Entimos Pais of Matthew 8: 5 – 13 and Luke 7: 1 – 10 " Studies in Homosexuality, Vol XII: Homosexuality and Religion and Philosophy.
The fragments given as the Commentary on Luke in the PG have been claimed to derive from the missing tenth book of the General Elementary Introduction ( see D. S. Wallace-Hadrill ); however, Aaron Johnson has argued that they cannot be associated with this work ( see “ The Tenth Book of Eusebius ’ General Elementary Introduction: A Critique of the Wallace-Hadrill Thesis ,” Journal of Theological Studies, 62. 1 ( 2011 ): 144-160 ).
The Early Church Fathers including Tertullian, Jerome, and Augustine state the Greek word is ambiguous and the women in 1 Corinthians 9: 5 were women ministering to the Apostles as women ministered to Christ ( cf Matthew 27: 55, Luke 8: 1-3 ), and were not wives, and assert they left their " offices of marriage " to follow Christ and to preach.
The traditional view is that Luke, who was not an eye-witness of Jesus ' ministry, wrote his gospel after gathering the best sources of information within his reach ( Luke 1: 1-4 ).
“ He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High … The power of the Most High will overshadow you ; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God ” ( Luke 1: 32, 35 ).
Luke and author
The author of Luke recounts the story of Lazarus and the rich man, which shows people in Hades awaiting the resurrection either in comfort or torment.
The author is traditionally identified as Luke the Evangelist ; see Authorship of Luke – Acts for details.
It is said to be that the author of the Gospel of Luke is the same as the author of the Acts of the Apostles.
The question regarding the genre of Acts is complicated by the fact that it was written by the same author as the Gospel of Luke.
Evidence for this is found in the prologue to the Gospel of Luke, wherein the author alludes to his sources by writing, " Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word.
In fact, Fitzmyer believes that the preface of Luke should only be “ the starting point in the discussion of the aim of Luke-Acts .” Because the author ’ s intended purpose for the Book of Acts is not that straightforward, scholars have put forth four main claims to address this.
This is one of the oldest claims to the author ’ s purpose ( Walton ) and it states that Luke is writing to Rome in order to demonstrate that Christianity is not a political threat to Roman authority.
The author opens with a prologue, usually taken to be addressed to an individual by the name of Theophilus ( though this name, which translates literally as " God-lover ", may be a nickname rather than a personal appellation ) and references " my earlier book "— almost certainly the Gospel of Luke.
* A Deceit To Die For ( novel ) by Luke Montgomery ( author ) that revolves around the history of the Gospel of Barnabas
Biblical Scholars are in wide agreement that the author of the Gospel of Luke also wrote the Acts of the Apostles.
Paul placed an emphasis on Jesus ' death while the author of Luke instead emphasizes Jesus ' suffering, and there are other differences regarding eschatology and the Law.
Paul described Luke as “ the beloved physician ”, leading Hobart to claim in 1882 that the vocabulary used in Luke-Acts suggests its author may have had medical training.
The author drew on three primary sources, each representing a distinct community: a hypothetical collection, or several collections, of sayings ( called " Q ", and shared with Luke ); the Gospel of Mark ; and material unique to Matthew ( called " M ", some of which may have originated with Matthew himself ).
Early Church Fathers such as Jerome and Eusebius claimed that he was the author of the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles and this is the traditional Christian view today.
If one accepts that Luke was in fact the author of the Gospel bearing his name and also the Acts of the Apostles, certain details of his personal life can be reasonably assumed.
Some scholars report that, of the colleagues that Paul mentions in his epistles, the process of elimination leaves Luke as the only person who fits everything known about the author of Luke / Acts.
Luke and states
Schweitzer found many New Testament references to apparently show that 1st-century Christians believed literally in the imminent fulfillment of the promise of the World's ending, within the lifetime of Jesus's original followers, He noted that in the gospel of Mark, Jesus speaks of a " tribulation ", with his coming in the clouds with great power and glory " ( St Mark ), and states when it will happen: " This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled " ( St Matthew, 24: 34 ) ( or, " have taken place " ( Luke 21: 32 )): " All these things shall come upon this generation " ( Matthew 23: 36 ).
Fitzmyer states that by looking at the prefaces of Luke and Acts together it can be seen “ that Luke-Acts purports to be basically ‘ a work of edification ’.”
Though the preface initially states Luke ’ s intentions for writing, by closely examining the contents of the work as a whole, scholars have surmised that Luke ’ s purpose is much more complex.
Epiphanius states that Luke was one of the Seventy ( Panarion 51. 11 ), and John Chrysostom indicates at one point that the " brother " Paul mentions in 2 Corinthians 8: 18 is either Luke or Barnabas.
However, in Luke 24: 39, the resurrected Jesus expressly states " behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself.
For instance, it has been suggested that Luke is using Mary's genealogy and Matthew is using Joseph's, but Darrell Bock states that this would be unprecedented, " especially when no other single woman appears in the line ".
The New Testament states that John the Baptist baptised unto repentance in the Jordan ( Matthew 3: 5-6 ; Mark ; Luke ; John ).
Hippolytus ( AD 170 – 236 ), considered to have been one of the most learned Christian historians, puts names to the seventy disciples whom Jesus sent forth in Luke 10, includes Aristobulus of Romans 16: 10 with Joseph, and states that he ended up becoming a pastor in Britain.
The Gospel of Luke states that the event took place ' in the vicinity of Bethany ' and the Gospel of Mark specifies no location.
The Gospel of Luke also reports that such questions were asked of Jesus ; in Luke's case it being the priests that repeatedly accused him, though Luke states that Jesus remained silent to such inquisition, causing Pilate to hand Jesus over to the jurisdiction ( Galilee ) of Herod Antipas.
Craig A. Evans states that saying 54 in Thomas, which speaks of the poor and the kingdom of heaven, is more similar to the Syriac version of Matthew 5: 3 than the Greek version of that passage or the parallel in Luke 6: 20.
Brown states that, even if the silence of Paul is taken to indicate ignorance of the virgin birth, it does not disprove it, for a family tradition about it could have circulated among relatively few in the years 30-60, before becoming known to the communities for whom Matthew and Luke wrote.
The Gospel of Luke states that Pilate sends Jesus to be judged by Herod Antipas because as a Galilean he is under his jurisdiction.
However, the Gospel of Luke refers to Simon carrying the cross after Jesus, in that it states: " they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus ".
Luke is the only gospel that states that one of the robbers crucified next to Jesus repented and was promised Paradise by Jesus ( Lk.
Luke states that strips of linen were " lying alone ", or " laid by themselves ", per the Greek, keimena mona, although the NRSV translation uses the phrase --" by themselves "-- instead of " alone ", and omits the word, " lying ".
The Gospel of Luke states that when Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate for trial, Pilate handed him over to Antipas, in whose territory Jesus had been active.
The nativity accounts in the New Testament gospels of Matthew and Luke do not mention a date or time of year for the birth of Jesus and Karl Rahner states that the gospels do not in general provide enough details of dates to satisfy the demands of modern historians.
The Gospel of Luke account states that Mary gave birth to Jesus and laid him in a manger “ because there was no place for them in the inn ," but does not say exactly where Jesus was born.
Only Mary had the complete faith for which she was considered blessed ( Luke 1, 45 ) With the title Queen of Patriarchs, the Catholic Church states the continued relevance and position of the Patriarchs of the Old Testament.