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In Repetek ( Turkmenistan ), there live seven species of scorpions ( of which Pectinibuthus birulai is endemic ) in temperatures which vary from.
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Repetek and Turkmenistan
* Felis margarita thinobius ( Ognev 1926 ) − ranges from the Karakum Desert to the southeast of Türkmenbaşy, Turkmenistan and southern Kizilkum to the west of Bukhara in Uzbekistan and in the Transcaspian area to Repetek ;
Repetek and which
It contains the Repetek Nature Reserve and the Köýtendag Nature Reserve, which has Turkmenistan's highest mountain, Aýrybaba ( 3137 meters ).
Repetek and is
Some 70 kilometers south of Türkmenabat in the East Karakum Desert is the Repetek Nature Reserve, famed for its zemzen, or desert crocodiles.
Turkmenistan and ),
These include: Albania, Afghanistan Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chad, Chile, the People's Republic of China, Côte d ' Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, DR Congo, Egypt, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Holy See ( Vatican City ), Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, North Korea, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Libya, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Order of Malta, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Uruguay, and Vietnam.
Following evacuation in 1941 during the Great Patriotic War ( World War II ), he graduated in Aşgabat, in today's Turkmenistan.
The Durrani Empire encompassed present-day Afghanistan, northeastern Iran, eastern Turkmenistan ( around the Panjdeh oasis ), the Kashmir region, the modern state of Pakistan and northwestern India.
Of the 193 member states of the United Nations, only 17 are not party to the treaty: Andorra, Angola, Democratic People's Republic of Korea ( North Korea ), Federated States of Micronesia, Haiti, Iraq, Kiribati, Lebanon, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Nauru, South Sudan, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Turkmenistan and Tuvalu.
16. 6 million ), Kyrgyzstan ( 5. 5 million ), Tajikistan ( 7. 6 million ), Turkmenistan ( 5. 1 million ), and Uzbekistan ( 29. 5 million ), for a total population of 64. 7 million as of 2012.
The Commonwealth of Independent States ( CIS ) is a loose alliance or confederation consisting of 10 of the 15 former Soviet Republics, the exceptions being Turkmenistan ( a CIS associate member ), Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Georgia.
Tibet ), Russia, Mongolia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Nepal, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Turkmenistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Europe and North America.
A daf is a large-sized tambourine used to accompany both popular and classical music in Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey ( where it is called tef ), Uzbekistan ( where it's called childirma ), India ( where it is known as the Dafli ) and Turkmenistan.
This improved Tajikistan's position among other Central Asian countries ( namely Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan ), which have degraded economically ever since.
The Kopet Dag Range is a region characterized by foothills, dry and sandy slopes, mountain plateaus, and steep ravines ; Mount Şahşah ( 2, 912 m ), also known as Mount Rizeh, southwest of Ashgabat, is the highest elevation of the Kopet Dag Range in Turkmenistan.
After 69 years as part of the Soviet Union ( including 67 years as a union republic ), Turkmenistan declared its independence on 27 October 1991.
On 28 December 1999, Niyazov was declared President for Life of Turkmenistan by the Mejlis ( parliament ), which itself had taken office only a week earlier in elections that included only candidates hand-picked by President Niyazov ; no opposition candidates were allowed.
His book, Ruhnama ( or Rukhnama ), which is revered in Turkmenistan almost like a holy text, has been translated into 32 languages and distributed for free among major international libraries.
Turkmenistan is divided into five provinces welayatlar ( singular – welayat ): Ahal Province ( Aşgabat ), Balkan Province ( Balkanabat, formerly Nebitdag ), Daşoguz Province ( formerly Tashauz ), Lebap Province ( formerly Charjou Province ) ( Turkmenabat, formerly Charjou ), Mary Province
Turkmenistan is affiliated to the CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat ( nonsignatory user ), IOC, IOM ( observer ), ISO ( correspondent ), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO ( observer )
Turkmenistan and there
Air travel within Turkmenistan on the national carrier, Turkmenistan Airlines, is often claimed to be unreliable, but there have been no reported accidents.
From the sites in modern Uzbekistan and Merv in Turkmenistan, there exists good archaeological evidence for the large scale production of crucible steel.
Since July 1999, there have been several notable seizures of acetic anhydride in Turkey ( amounting to nearly seventeen metric tons ) and Turkmenistan ( totaling seventy-three metric tons ).
In 2004, there were eleven such missions: three in the Atlantic, Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos, and Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha ; two in the Pacific, Funafuti ( Tuvalu ), and Tokelau ; and six in central Asia, Afghanistan, Baku ( Azerbaijan ), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
In an interview with the television news program " 60 Minutes ", Niyazov said the people of Turkmenistan placed them there voluntarily because they love him so much, and that he did not originally want them there.
Other claim, its parts was used to build the mast of Raszyn radio transmitter in Poland, however there is no proof for this, while others say, it was rebuilt in Turkmenistan or not rebuilt at all.
In 2004 he realized that he had unknowingly travelled most of the Silk Road, so he completed the route crossing Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, reaching China at Kashgar through the Tien Shan ( Mountains of Heaven ) and from there crossing the Taklamakan Desert to Turpan ( Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, Bezeklik ).
In the territory of Turkmenistan, close to Takhta-Bazaar, the Murghab receives the Kachan river from the left bank, and 25 kilometers further, there is the confluence of the Kushk.
Turkmenistan and live
the largest groups of Turkic people live throughout Central Asia — Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan, in addition to Turkey and Iran.
Many of the rest live in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates and in some parts of Africa, namely Kenya, and Tanzania ( Tabora has a large community ).
On June 4, 2001 Turkmenistan President Saparmurat Niyazov ( also known as Turkmenbashi ) authorized a decree that required foreigners to pay a $ 50, 000 fee to marry a Turkmen citizen ( regardless of how they met ), and to live in the country and own property for one year.
Today Gagauz people outside Moldova live mainly in the Ukrainian regions of Odesa and Zaporizhia, as well as in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Bulgaria, Romania, Brazil, Turkmenistan, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Georgia, Turkey and the Russian region of Kabardino-Balkaria.
Turkmenistan and seven
In the fall of 1992, the ECO expanded to include seven new members, namely Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
That same month, seven republics ( Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan ) agreed to a new union treaty that would form a confederation called the Union of Sovereign States.
Turkmenistan and species
This species has been depicted on the stamps of Bhutan, The Gambia, the Isle of Man, Turkmenistan and Yugoslavia.
One species, the great gerbil, or Rhombomys opimus, originally native to Turkmenistan, can grow to more than 16 inches ( 400 mm ).
This species is native to the following countries: Afghanistan, China, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.
Turkmenistan and which
The most limited definition was the official one of the Soviet Union, which defined Middle Asia as consisting solely of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
It is situated in the valley of the Hari River, which flows from the mountains of central Afghanistan to the Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan.
Turkmenistan was a passing point for numerous migrations and invasions by tribes which gravitated towards the settled regions of the south including ancient Mesopotamia, Elam, and the Indus Valley Civilization.
Modern Turkmenistan was radically transformed by the invasion of the Russian Empire, which conquered the region in the late 19th century.
Irrigation now depends mainly on the decrepit Garagum Canal, which carries water across Turkmenistan from the Amu Darya.
In 2005 Turkmenistan had 2, 440 kilometers of railroad line, most of which runs close to the northern and southern borders.
In 2001 Turkmenistan had an estimated 22, 000 kilometers of roads, about 18, 000 kilometers of which were paved.
In 2006 Turkmenistan had eight merchant marine vessels of more than 1, 000 tons displacement, of which four were cargo ships, two were oil tankers, one was for refrigerated cargo, and one was a combination ore and oil ship.
In 2006 Turkmenistan had an estimated 29 airports, of which 22 had paved runways and one ( at Ashgabat ) had a runway longer than 3, 000 meters.
Turkmenistan is a partner country of the EU INOGATE energy programme, which has four key topics: enhancing energy security,
In 2011, Turkmenistan agreed to build a 150-km extension to a railway line which will connect the eastern part of Turkmenistan to Andkhoi border town in Faryab province of Afghanistan.
Landlocked Afghanistan has no seaports but the Amu Darya river, which forms part of the nation's border with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, does have barge traffic.
Chagatai's ulus, or hereditary territory, consisted of the part of the Mongol Empire which extended from the Ili River ( today in eastern Kazakhstan ) and Kashgaria ( in the western Tarim Basin ) to Transoxiana ( modern Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan ).
It belongs to the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation ( OIC ) and the Economic Cooperation Organization, which comprises 7 Central Asian countries: Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
The pistachio, Pistacia vera in the Anacardiaceae family, is a small tree originally from Greater Iran ( Iran and Iraq ) which now can also be found in regions of Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Greece, Tunisia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Italy ( Sicily ), Uzbekistan, Afghanistan ( especially in the provinces of Samangan and Badghis ), and the United States, specifically in California.
Bactria was the Greek name for Old Persian Bāxtriš ( from native * Bāxçiš ) ( named for its capital Bactra, modern Balkh ), in what is now northern Afghanistan, and Margiana was the Greek name for the Persian satrapy of Margu, the capital of which was Merv, in today's Turkmenistan.
Note: Broad-gauge track is employed at the borders with Azerbaijan Republic and Turkmenistan which have broad gauge rail systems ; 41 km of the standard gauge, electrified track is in suburban service at Tehran ( 2007 ).
On the other hand, according to the classification from International Monetary Fund ( IMF ) before April 2004, all the countries of Eastern Europe ( including Central European countries which still belongs to " Eastern Europe Group " in the UN institutions ) as well as the former Soviet Union ( USSR ) countries in Central Asia ( Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan ) and Mongolia, were not included under either developed or developing regions, but rather were referred to as " countries in transition "; however they are now widely regarded ( in the international reports ) as " developing countries ".
After the Russian Revolution, a Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union was created, which was eventually split into the Kazakh SSR ( Kazakhstan ), Kyrgyz SSR ( Kyrgyzstan ), Tajik SSR ( Tajikistan ), Turkmen SSR ( Turkmenistan ) and Uzbek SSR ( Uzbekistan ).