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Iliad and Apollo
The function of Apollo as a " healer " is connected with Paean ( Παιών-Παιήων ), the physician of the Gods in the Iliad, who seems to come from a more primitive religion.
In Iliad, his priest prays to Apollo Smintheus, the mouse god who retains an older agricultural function as the protector from field rats.
In the Iliad, when Diomedes injured Aeneas, Apollo rescued him.
* In the Iliad xvi, Apollo washes the black blood from the corpse of Sarpedon and anoints it with ambrosia, readying it for its dreamlike return to Sarpedon's native Lycia.
In the Iliad when Zeus sends Apollo to revive the wounded Hector of Troy, Apollo, holding the aegis, charges the Achaeans, pushing them back to their ships drawn up on the shore.
She was already mentioned in Homer's Iliad which relates her prideful hubris, for which she was punished by Leto, who sent Apollo and Artemis, with the loss of all her children, and her nine days of abstention from food during which time her children lay unburied.
In a passage in Iliad, Apollo tries three times to stop Patroclus in front of the walls of Troy, warning him that it is " over his portion " to sack the city.
In the Iliad, Calchas tells the Greeks that the captive Chryseis must be returned to her father Chryses in order to get Apollo to stop the plague he has sent as a punishment: this triggered the quarrel of Achilles and Agamemnon, the main theme of the Iliad.
According to Book 1 of the Iliad, when Agamemnon was compelled by Apollo to give up his own woman, Chryseis, he demanded Briseis as compensation.
In the first book of the Iliad, Agamemnon enslaves her, whom he admits is finer than his own wife, as a war prize and refuses to allow her father, a priest of Apollo, to ransom her.
In the alternative account of the origin of Typhon ( Typhoeus ), the Homeric Hymn to Apollo makes the monster Typhaon at Delphi a son of archaic Hera in her Minoan form, produced out of herself, like a monstrous version of Hephaestus or Mars, and whelped in a cave in Cilicia and confined there in the enigmatic Arima, or land of the Arimoi, en Arimois ( Iliad, ii.
In Book XVII of The Iliad, Apollo disguises himself as Mentes to encourage Hector to fight Menelaus, (" Hector, now you're going after something you'll not catch, chasing the horses of warrior Achilles, descendant of Aeacus.
Homer also confirmed Hypnos and Thanatos as twin brothers in his epic poem, the Iliad, where they were charged by Zeus via Apollo with the swift delivery of the slain hero Sarpedon to his homeland of Lycia.
In Kition, Cyprus, Resheph had the epithet of ḥṣ, interpreted as " arrow " by Javier Teixidor, who consequently interprets Resheph as a god of plague, comparable to Apollo whose arrows bring plague to the Danaans ( Iliad I. 42-55 ).
In the Iliad Zeus, Aphrodite, Ares and Apollo support the Trojan side in the Trojan War, while Hera, Athena and Poseidon support the Greeks ( see theomachy ).
The relationship between Tenedos and Apollo is mentioned in Book I of the Iliad where a priest calls to Apollo with the name " O god of the silver bow, that protectest Chryse and holy Cilla and rulest Tenedos with thy might "( Iliad I ).
| 30698 Hippokoon || 2299 T-3 || Hippokoon, mythological friend of king Rhesos of Thracia, awoken by Apollo as Odysseus and Diomedes were killing the Thracians ( from the Iliad )
Apollo is portrayed in the Iliad as the foremost champion of the Trojans and the one who helped Paris kill Achilles.

Iliad and is
Though it is not easy to apply the evidence of the Iliad to any specific era, this marvelous product of the epic tradition had certainly taken definitive shape by 750.
That such a tradition lies behind The Iliad and The Odyssey, at least, is hard to deny.
One of the greatest Homerists of our time, Frederick M. Combellack, argues that when it is assumed The Iliad and The Odyssey are oral poems, the postulated single redactor called Homer cannot be either credited with or denied originality in choice of phrasing.
Thus one line in five from The Iliad and The Odyssey is to be found somewhere else in the two poems.
" In other words, Achilles is an embodiment of the grief of the people, grief being a theme raised numerous times in the Iliad ( frequently by Achilles ).
He demanded her return, and the Achaeans complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles, which is the theme of the Iliad.
He is a character in Greek mythology and is mentioned in Homer's Iliad, and receives full treatment in Roman mythology as the legendary founder of what would become Ancient Rome, most extensively in Virgil's Aeneid.
In the Iliad, Aeneas is a minor character, where he is twice saved from death by the gods as if for an as yet unknown destiny.
He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.
When the grammatical dual form of Ajax is used in the Iliad, it was once believed that it indicated the lesser Ajax fighting side-by-side with Telamonian Ajax, but now it is generally thought that that usage refers to the Greater Ajax and his brother Teucer.
In Homer's Iliad he is described as of great stature, colossal frame and strongest of all the Achaeans.
Most notably, Ajax is not wounded in any of the battles described in the Iliad, and he is the only principal character on either side who does not receive personal assistance from any of the gods who take part in the battles.
In the Iliad, Ajax is notable for his abundant strength and courage, seen particularly in two fights with Hector.
Like most of the other Greek leaders, Ajax is alive and well as the Iliad comes to a close.
The identification of Ajax with the family of Aeacus was chiefly a matter which concerned the Athenians, after Salamis had come into their possession, on which occasion Solon is said to have inserted a line in the Iliad ( 2. 557 – 558 ), for the purpose of supporting the Athenian claim to the island.
In the Iliad, the character Paris is known also as Alexander.
The tomb of Myrine is mentioned in the Iliad ; later interpretation made of her an Amazon: according to Diodorus, Queen Myrine led her Amazons to victory against Libya and much of Gorgon.

Iliad and under
The city is mentioned in Homer's Iliad as having participated in the Trojan War with thirty ships under Asclepius ' sons Machaon and Podalirius.
Their first mention is by Homer, in his list of Trojans allies in the Iliad, and according to whom the Mysians fought in the Trojan War on the side of Troy, under the command of Chromis and Ennomus the Auger, and were lion-hearted spearmen who fought with their bare hands.
The word μίτρα, mítra, ( or, in its Ionic form, μίτρη, mítrē ) first appears in Greek and signifies either of several garments: a kind of waist girdle worn under a cuirass, as mentioned in Homer's Iliad ; a headband used by women for their hair ; a sort of formal Babylonian head dress, as mentioned by Herodotus ( Histories 1. 195 and 7. 90 ).
* Iliad – uses Bayesian reasoning to calculate probabilities of various diagnoses under consideration in internal medicine.
In Homer's Iliad, the Greek allied forces are described under three different names, often used interchangeably: Argives ( in Greek: Argeioi, Ἀργεῖοι ; used 29 times in the Iliad ), Danaans ( Δαναοί, used 138 times ) and Achaeans ( Ἀχαιοί, used 598 times ).

Iliad and gods
In Homer's Iliad, when Alcmene was about to give birth to Heracles, Zeus announced to all the gods that on that day a child, descended from Zeus himself, would be born who would rule all those around him.
Homer expressed her relationship with Zeus delicately in the Iliad, in which she declares to Zeus, " I am Cronus ' eldest daughter, and am honourable not on this ground only, but also because I am your wife, and you are king of the gods.
From Cronus, of the race of Titans, the Olympian gods have their birth, and Hera mentions twice in Iliad book XIV her intended journey " to the ends of the generous earth on a visit to Oceanus, whence the gods have risen, and Tethys our mother who brought me up kindly in their own house.
Neither Homer nor Virgil gives the reader any foreshadowing of Diomedes's death except for a passage in the Iliad in which Dione, Aphrodite's mother, comforts the goddess of love ( after she has been injured by Diomedes ), telling her daughter that " the man who fights the gods does not live long " and will not be welcomed home from war by his children on his lap ( 5. 407-409 ).
Walter Burkert points out, " When in the Iliad Zeus calls the gods into assembly on Mount Olympus, it is not only the well-known Olympians who come along, but also all the nymphs and all the rivers ; Okeanos alone remains at his station ", Greek hearers recognized this impossibility as the poet's hyperbole, which proclaimed the universal power of Zeus over the ancient natural world: " the worship of these deities ," Burkert confirms, " is limited only by the fact that they are inseparably identified with a specific locality.
Walter Burkert notes the presence of Tethys in the episode of Iliad XIV that the Ancients called the " Deception of Zeus ", where Hera, to mislead Zeus, says she wants to go to Oceanus, " origin of the gods " and Tethys " the mother ".
When literary works such as the Iliad related conflicts among the gods these conflicts were because their followers were at war on earth and were a celestial reflection of the earthly pattern of local deities.
These epic introductory tendencies give way to the main portion of the story, usually involving a battle of some kind ( such as in the Iliad ) that follows this pattern: dressing for battle ( description of Achilles shield, preparation for battle ), altar sacrifice / libation to the gods, some battle change ( perhaps involving drugs ), treachery ( Achilles ankle is told to be his weak spot ), a journey to the Underworld, and the final battle.
Hanna Roisman explains that the characters in the Iliad ignore the discrepancy between the quality of Nestor's advice and its outcomes is because, in the world of the Iliad, " outcomes are ultimately in the hands of the ever arbitrary and fickle gods ... heroes are not necessarily viewed as responsible when things go awry.
Dumézil advanced the hypothesis it could be an ideological construction of the Tarquins to oppose new Latin nationalism, as it included the three gods that in the Iliad are enemies of Troy.
In Homer's Iliad, an older source than Aeschylus, Dryas is not the son of Lycurgus, but the father, and Lycurgus's punishment for his disrespect towards the gods, particularly Dionysus, is blindness inflicted by Zeus followed not long after by death.
Oceanus and Tethys are the father and mother of the gods in the Iliad, while in the seventh century BC the Spartan poet Alcman made the sea-nymph Thetis a demiurge-figure.
As a result of the theft an extremely complicated war erupts, where even the Olympian gods take part ( this is in the tradition of classical poems such as Homer's Iliad ) and is eventually resolved by the intervention of the Pope.

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