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churches and Anglican
A further 260 Anglican churches have been demolished since 1948 ''.
The Anglican Communion is an international association of national and regional Anglican churches ( and a few other episcopal churches ) in full communion with the Church of England ( which is regarded as the mother church of the worldwide communion ) and specifically with its principal primate, the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Some of these churches are known as Anglican, such as the Anglican Church of Canada, due to their historical link to England ( Ecclesia Anglicana means " English Church ").
The Anglican Communion has no official legal existence nor any governing structure which might exercise authority over the member churches.
The Primates ' Meeting voted to request the two churches to withdraw their delegates from the 2005 meeting of the Anglican Consultative Council.
Also shown are the churches in full communion with the Anglican Communion: the Nordic Lutheran churches of the Porvoo Communion ( Green ) and the Old Catholic Church | Old Catholic churches of the Utrecht Union ( Red ).
In addition to other member churches, the churches of the Anglican Communion are in full communion with the Old Catholic churches of the Union of Utrecht and the Scandinavian Lutheran churches of the Porvoo Communion in Europe, the India-based Mar Thoma and Malabar Independent Syrian churches and the Philippine Independent Church, also known as the Aglipayan Church.
Thus the only member churches of the present Anglican Communion existing by the mid-18th century were the Church of England, its closely linked sister church, the Church of Ireland ( which also separated from Roman Catholicism under Henry VIII ) and the Scottish Episcopal Church which for parts of the 17th and 18th centuries was partially underground ( it was suspected of Jacobite sympathies ).
The churches of the Anglican Communion have traditionally held that ordination in the historic episcopate is a core element in the validity of clerical ordinations.
Some Eastern Orthodox Churches have issued statements to the effect that Anglican orders could be accepted, yet have still reordained former Anglican clergy ; other Orthodox churches have rejected Anglican orders altogether.
Some churches founded outside the Anglican Communion in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, largely in opposition to the ordination of openly homosexual bishops and other clergy are usually referred to as belonging to the Anglican realignment movement, or else as " orthodox " Anglicans.
Simultaneous with debates about social theology and ethics, the Anglican Communion has debated prayer book revision and the acceptable grounds for achieving full communion with non-Anglican churches.

churches and Communion
Three elements have been important in holding the Communion together: First, the shared ecclesial structure of the component churches, manifested in an episcopal polity maintained through the apostolic succession of bishops and synodical government ; second, the principle of belief expressed in worship, investing importance in approved prayer books and their rubrics ; and third, the historical documents and standard divines that have influenced the ethos of the Communion.
The most notable example has been the objection of many provinces of the Communion ( particularly in Africa and Asia ) to the changing role of homosexuals in the North American churches ( e. g., by blessing same-sex unions and ordaining and consecrating gays and lesbians in same-sex relationships ), and to the process by which changes were undertaken.

churches and rite
The Catholic Church does recognise as valid ( though illicit ) ordinations done by breakaway Catholic, Old Catholic or Oriental bishops, and groups descended from them ; it also regards as both valid and licit those ordinations done by bishops of the Eastern churches, so long as those receiving the ordination conform to other canonical requirements ( for example, is an adult male ) and an orthodox rite of episcopal ordination, expressing the proper functions and sacramental status of a bishop, is used ; this has given rise to the phenomenon of episcopi vagantes ( for example, clergy of the Independent Catholic groups which claim apostolic succession, though this claim is rejected by both Orthodoxy and Catholicism ).
In the Roman Catholic ( Latin: sacri ordines ), Eastern Catholic, Eastern Orthodox ( ιερωσύνη, ιεράτευμα, Священство ), Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Assyrian, Old Catholic, Independent Catholic churches and some Lutheran churches Holy Orders comprise the three orders of bishop, priest and deacon, or the sacrament or rite by which candidates are ordained to those orders.
As in the other Eastern churches, married men may become priests, and parish priests administer the mystery of confirmation to newborn infants immediately after baptism, via the rite of chrismation ; the infants are then administered Holy Communion.
The various Eucharistic liturgies used by national churches of the Anglican Communion have continuously evolved from the 1549 and 1552 editions of the Book of Common Prayer which both owed their form and contents chiefly to the work of Thomas Cranmer, who had rejected the medieval theology of the Mass in about 1547 Although the 1549 rite retained the traditional sequence of the mass, its underlying theology was Protestant.
Bede implies that in the time of Augustine of Canterbury, British churches used a baptismal rite that was in some way at variance with the Roman practice.
In the Eastern rite churches, all the bishops of an autocephalous church elect successor bishops, thus serving as an electoral college for all the episcopal sees.
Especially the role of the noble founders of Eastern Christian rite was decisive in the formation of a regional character among the local wooden churches.
To the east of Europe lay the Byzantine Empire, composed of Christians who had long followed a separate Orthodox rite ; the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches had been in schism since 1054.
Confirmation is a rite of initiation in Christian churches, ( although in the Church of England and similar denominations it can be simply viewed as a reinstating of one's beliefs ) normally carried out through anointing and / or the laying on of hands and prayer for the purpose of bestowing the Gift of the Holy Spirit.
In Protestant churches, the rite tends to be seen rather as a mature statement of faith by an already baptised person.
Some Protestant churches call confirmation a rite, not a sacrament, and see it as merely symbolic, not an effective means of conferring divine grace.
Indeed, since some of these documents come from places in the Alpine valleys, such as Biasca, Lodrino, Venegono and elsewhere, while the modern rite is that of the metropolitan cathedral and the churches of the city of Milan, some proportion of the differences may well turn out to be local rather than chronological developments.
Following the lead of the liturgical reforms of the Roman rite, many Protestant churches also adopted the concept of Ordinary Time alongside the Revised Common Lectionary.
Although wine is the essential part of the Eucharist rite in the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches in the region, rakia has found uses in certain religious and related rituals across the Balkans.
As in the Maronite Church and several other Eastern rite churches, communion is given through intinction, whereby the Host is partially dipped in the wine and then placed on the tongue of the communicant.
Osmund invented or introduced little himself, though the Sarum rite had some peculiarities distinct from that of other churches.
Additionally, all the churches of Toledo annually celebrate this rite on the Mozarabic Feast of the Incarnation on December 18, and on the feast day of Saint Ildephonsus on January 23.
According to Pentecostal historian H. Vinson Synan, " the basic premise of Pentecostalism, that one may receive later effusions of the Spirit after initiation / conversion, can be clearly traced in Christian history to the beginnings of the rite of confirmation in the Western churches ".
Though the Greek liturgical rite was used in many of its churches, Albania was part of the patriarchate of Rome until 731, when Byzantine Emperor Leo III, in reprisal for the opposition of Pope Saint Gregory III to the emperor's iconoclast policy, attached the whole of eastern Illyricum to the patriarchate of Constantinople.
He also attended Holy Mass ( Latin rite ), received Holy Communion, and went to confession in Polish churches, even though this was forbidden by official Nazi decree.
It was necessary to make them large, because in the early Church it was customary for the bishop to baptize all the catechumens in his diocese ( and so baptisteries are commonly found attached to the cathedral and not to the parish churches ), and also because the rite was performed only three times in the year.
Unlike the Byzantine Church, churches of the Armenian rite are usually devoid of icons and have a curtain concealing the priest and the altar from the people during parts of the liturgy, an influence from early apostolic times.

churches and is
they will destroy the shrines, temples, museums, and churches of the state that is the implacable enemy of the life they believe in.
An action once universally condemned by all Christian churches and forbidden by the civil law is now not only approved by the overwhelming majority of Protestant denominations, but also deemed, at certain times, to be a positive religious duty.
It would hardly be an exaggeration to say that ninety per cent of the energy of most churches -- whether in terms of finance or spiritual concern -- is poured into the private and domestic interests of the members.
It is not developing an awareness of the new kind of missionary strategy that is called for as young churches emerge in Asia and Africa.
Your first impression of this elongated square with its three elegant fountains, its two churches that almost face each other, and its russet-colored buildings, is a sense of restful spaciousness -- particularly welcome after wandering around the narrow and dark streets that you have followed since starting this walk.
moreover, residential mobility is so high in metropolitan areas that churches have to recruit constantly in their core stratum in order to survive ; ;
The proclamation of the churches is almost totally confined to pastoral contacts by the clergy ( 17.3 per cent of new members ) and friendly contacts by members ( over two thirds if organizational activities are included ).
In general, friendly contact with a member followed by contact with a clergyman will account for a major share of recruitment by the churches, making it quite evident that the extension of economic integration through co-optation is the principal form of mission in the contemporary church ; ;
It is designated as Stage 1 Residential on the Redevelopment Authority's master plan and will feature row houses, garden apartments, four small parks, schools, churches, a shopping center and several small clusters of stores.
The same thing is also evidenced by the extreme `` culture-Protestantism '' so often observed to characterize the preaching and teaching of the American churches.
While it must be said that these same Protestants have built some new churches during this period, and that religious population shifts have emptied churches, a principal reason for this phenomenon of redundancy is that fewer Protestants are going to church.
'' A hymn often to be heard in Catholic churches is `` Faith Of Our Fathers '', which glories in England's ancient faith that endured persecution, and which proclaims: `` Faith of our Fathers: Mary's prayers Shall win our country back to thee ''.
The general tone of articles appearing in such important newspapers as the Manchester Guardian and the Sunday Observer implies a kindly recognition that the Catholic Church is now at least of equal stature in England with the Protestant churches.
For most of them, it will be their first experience in membership training, since this is a recent development in many churches.
This problem is illustrated by the fact that many local churches drop from the active membership rolls each year as many as they receive into the fellowship.
Studies of membership trends, even in some areas where population is expanding, show that numbers of churches have had little net increase, though many new members were received.
The temptation is to say that, as the percentage of church members mounted, the degree of discipline exercised by the churches lessened and the trend was towards conformity to the general level.
" The Old Testament is responsible for more atheism, agnosticism, disbelief — call it what you will — than any book ever written ; it has emptied more churches than all the counter-attractions of cinema, motor bicycle and golf course.

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