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It has been estimated that about half of the Earth's mature tropical forests — between 7. 5 million and 8 million km < sup > 2 </ sup > ( 2. 9 million to 3 million sq mi ) of the original 15 million to 16 million km < sup > 2 </ sup > ( 5. 8 million to 6. 2 million sq mi ) that until 1947 covered the planet — have now been destroyed.
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has and been
As it is, they consider that the North is now reaping the fruits of excess egalitarianism, that in spite of its high standard of living the `` American way '' has been proved inferior to the English and Scandinavian ways, although they disapprove of the socialistic features of the latter.
In what has aptly been called a `` constitutional revolution '', the basic nature of government was transformed from one essentially negative in nature ( the `` night-watchman state '' ) to one with affirmative duties to perform.
For lawyers, reflecting perhaps their parochial preferences, there has been a special fascination since then in the role played by the Supreme Court in that transformation -- the manner in which its decisions altered in `` the switch in time that saved nine '', President Roosevelt's ill-starred but in effect victorious `` Court-packing plan '', the imprimatur of judicial approval that was finally placed upon social legislation.
Labor relations have been transformed, income security has become a standardized feature of political platforms, and all the many facets of the American version of the welfare state have become part of the conventional wisdom.
Historically, however, the concept is one that has been of marked benefit to the people of the Western civilizational group.
In recent weeks, as a result of a sweeping defense policy reappraisal by the Kennedy Administration, basic United States strategy has been modified -- and large new sums allocated -- to meet the accidental-war danger and to reduce it as quickly as possible.
Even though in most cases the completion of the definitive editions of their writings is still years off, enough documentation has already been assembled to warrant drawing a new composite profile of the leadership which performed the heroic dual feats of winning American independence and founding a new nation.
Madison once remarked: `` My life has been so much a public one '', a comment which fits the careers of the other six.
Thus we are compelled to face the urbanization of the South -- an urbanization which, despite its dramatic and overwhelming effects upon the Southern culture, has been utterly ignored by the bulk of Southern writers.
But the South is, and has been for the past century, engaged in a wide-sweeping urbanization which, oddly enough, is not reflected in its literature.
An example of the changes which have crept over the Southern region may be seen in the Southern Negro's quest for a position in the white-dominated society, a problem that has been reflected in regional fiction especially since 1865.
In the meantime, while the South has been undergoing this phenomenal modernization that is so disappointing to the curious Yankee, Southern writers have certainly done little to reflect and promote their region's progress.
Faulkner culminates the Southern legend perhaps more masterfully than it has ever been, or could ever be, done.
The `` approximate '' is important, because even after the order of the work has been established by the chance method, the result is not inviolable.
But it has been during the last two centuries, during the scientific revolution, that our independence from the physical environment has made the most rapid strides.
In the life sciences, there has been an enormous increase in our understanding of disease, in the mechanisms of heredity, and in bio- and physiological chemistry.
Even in domains where detailed and predictive understanding is still lacking, but where some explanations are possible, as with lightning and weather and earthquakes, the appropriate kind of human action has been more adequately indicated.
The persistent horror of having a malformed child has, I believe, been reduced, not because we have gained any control over this misfortune, but precisely because we have learned that we have so little control over it.
has and estimated
From an initial investment of $1,200 in 1943, it has grown, with no additional capital investment, to a present value estimated by some as exceeding $10,000,000 ( we don't disclose financial figures to the public ).
It has been estimated that the value of boats in Rhode Island waters is something in excess of fifty million dollars, excluding commercial boats.
it has been estimated that spending by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration will rise from less than $500 million in fiscal 1960 to more than $2 billion by 1967, and that the electronic industry's share of these expenditures will be closer to 50% than the current 20%.
The National Manpower Council of Columbia University has estimated that three out of five skilled workers and one out of five technicians have not been formally trained.
Since this book is concerned only incidentally with railroad rates, it will not attempt to analyze the methods by which the staff of the Interstate Commerce Commission has estimated out-of-pocket costs and apportioned residue costs.
It has been estimated that for applications on a megawatt scale costs might reach values in the neighborhood of 10 cents per kwhr for large-scale accelerators or for gamma radiation generated in a reactor core.
The weather bureau has estimated that radioactive fallout from the test might arrive here next week.
The number of Iranian tourists has risen in recent years, with an estimated 80, 000 Iranian tourists in 2010.
As of 2010, the project has been continuously delayed, with the rail link estimated to cost as much as $ 4 billion and stretch.
Today, it is estimated that fewer than 100 speakers of the language remain, while other research places the number at fewer than 15 speakers – the language has been regarded as “ endangered ”.
It has been estimated that during his entire career Aalto designed over 500 individual buildings, approximately 300 of which were built, the vast majority of which are in Finland.
In the past, Autodesk has estimated the total number of existing. dwg files as more than three billion.
As of 2007, the World Bank estimated that 26 % of the Burkinabé population has access to financial services.
The human brain has been estimated to contain approximately 100 trillion synapses ; even the brain of a fruit fly contains several million.
It was once fatal before the CT era, now, if the abscess is treated before the person goes into a coma, then the death rate has been estimated from 5 % to 20 % although it is greater in cases of multiple abscesses, when raised intracranial pressure is observed and depending on the level of neurological dysfunction on presentation.
She has donated more than $ 140, 000 over two years for a mass sterilization and adoption program for Bucharest's stray dogs, estimated to number 300, 000.
It has been estimated that in England in the 18th century carrying bricks by horse and cart for ten miles ( 16 km ) over the poor roads then existing could more than double their price.
Nearby aquifers contain an estimated 270 billion US gallons ( 1 billion m < sup > 3 </ sup >) of groundwater contaminated by high-level nuclear waste that has leaked out of Hanford's massive underground storage tanks.
The privatized national pension system ( AFP ) has encouraged domestic investment and contributed to an estimated total domestic savings rate of approximately 21 % of GDP.
For example, at over 1. 9 years, over a billion times longer than the current estimated age of the universe, bismuth-209 ( atomic number 83 ) has the longest known alpha decay half-life of any naturally occurring element.