[permalink] [id link]
Page "Utilitarianism" ¶ 19
from Wikipedia
Promote Demote Fragment Fix

Some Related Sentences

is and possible
It is possible, although highly doubtful, that he killed none at all but merely let his reputation work for him by privately claiming every unsolved murder in the state.
It is also possible, but equally doubtful, that he actually shot down the hundreds of men with which his legend credits him.
`` Now that Bruno Walter is virtually in retirement and my dear friend Dimitri Mitropoulos is no longer with us, I am probably the only one -- with the possible exception of Leonard Bernstein -- who has this special affinity for and champions the works of Bruckner and Mahler ''.
Even in domains where detailed and predictive understanding is still lacking, but where some explanations are possible, as with lightning and weather and earthquakes, the appropriate kind of human action has been more adequately indicated.
Within this notion clarity is possible, but for us who are neither Greek nor Jansenist there is not such clarity.
Mimesis is the nearest possible thing to the actual re-living of experience, in which the imagining person recovers through images something of the force and depth characteristic of experience itself.
Whitehead contends that the human way of understanding existence as a unity of interlocking and interdependent processes which constitute each other and which cause each other to be and not to be is possible only because the basic form of such an understanding, for all its vagueness and tendency to mistake the detail, is initially given in the way man feels the world.
The first of two possible variations on this theme is symbolized by Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer.
All we want from Dr. Huxley's statement is the feeling that this is an open world, in the view of the best scientific opinion, with practically no directional commitments as to what may happen next, and no important confinements with respect to what may be possible.
In the range and variety of characters who, in their literary lives, get along all right with life styles one never imagined possible, there is an implicit lesson in differentiation.
It is possible that the study of literature affects the conscience, the morality, the sensitivity to some code of `` right '' and `` wrong ''.
It is possible that the idea of enrichment of emotion is a fifth idea.
It is at least possible that the capacity to postpone gratification is developed as well as expressed in a continuous and guided exposure to great literature.
Most students of literature, whether they call themselves scholars or critics, are ready to argue that it is possible to understand literary works as well as to enjoy them.
In looking back over the volumes, it is possible to find errors of interpretation, some of which were not so evident at the time of writing.
Says he, `` I may never imagine that in the struggle between personal and supra-personal responsibility it is possible to make a compromise between the ethical and the purposive in the shape of a relative ethic ; ;
Fortunately, it is possible to be somewhat more concrete and factual in diagnosing the involvement of values in education.
But when the situation was so complicated that even Nogaret, one of the principal actors in the drama, could misinterpret the pope's motives, it is possible that Othon and his companions, equally baffled, attributed their difficulties to a more immediate cause.
It is no longer possible to say that a sceptical attitude towards the received accounts of the invasions almost automatically produces a `` shore occupied by '' interpretation.

is and Bentham
It became the sole `` subject '' of `` international law '' ( a term which, it is pertinent to remember, was coined by Bentham ), a body of legal principle which by and large was made up of what Western nations could do in the world arena.
Hedonism, for example, teaches that this feeling is pleasure — either one's own, as in egoism ( the 17th-century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes ), or everyone's, as in universalistic hedonism, or utilitarianism ( the 19th-century English philosophers Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sidgwick ), with its formula of the " greatest pleasure of the greatest number.
Jeremy Bentham, who is regarded as the founder of utilitarianism, argues that animals can experience pleasure and pain, thus demanding that ' non-human animals ' should be a serious object of moral concern.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Jeremy Bentham, Florence Nightingale and even Queen Victoria are reputed to have stayed there, although there is no real evidence for this.
In A Fragment on Government Bentham says ‘ it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong and describes this as a fundamental axiom.
His statement of the Ethic of Reciprocity as the foundation of ethics is the earliest in Ancient Greece, and he differs from the formulation of utilitarianism by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill by emphasizing the minimization of harm to oneself and others as the way to maximize happiness.
Historically, utilitarian thinking about law is associated with the great philosopher, Jeremy Bentham.
Moralists Jeremy Bentham and Immanuel Kant both indicated the is – ought problem in order to identify their theories of morality and law.
Bentham, in discussing the relations of law and morality, found that when people discuss problems and issues they talk about how they wish it would be as opposed to how it actually is.
Historically, utilitarian thinking about law is associated with the great philosopher, Jeremy Bentham.
In A Fragment on Government Bentham says ‘ it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong and describes this as a fundamental axiom.
Although utilitarianism is usually thought to start with Jeremy Bentham there were earlier writers who presented theories that were strikingly similar.
Bentham contends that there is nothing novel or unwarranted about his method for “ in all this there is nothing but what the practice of mankind, wheresoever they have a clear view of their own interest, is perfectly conformable to .”
Rosen warns that descriptions of utilitarianism can bear “ little resemblance historically to utilitarians like Bentham and J. S. Mill ” and can be more “ a crude version of act utilitarianism conceived in the twentieth century as a straw man to be attacked and rejected .” It is a mistake to think that Bentham is not concerned with rules.
His seminal work is concerned with the principles of legislation and the hedonic calculus is introduced with the words “ Pleasures then, and the avoidance of pains, are the ends that the legislator has in view .” In Chapter VII Bentham says, “ The business of government is to promote the happiness of the society, by punishing and rewarding … In proportion as an act tends to disturb that happiness, in proportion as the tendency of it is pernicious, will be the demand it creates for punishment .”

is and was
Even the knowledge that she was losing another boy, as a mother always does when a marriage is made, did not prevent her from having the first carefree, dreamless sleep that she had known since they dropped down the canyon and into Bear Valley, way, way back there when they were crossing those other mountains.
I seized the rack and made a western-style flying-mount just in time, one of my knees mercifully landing on my duffel bag -- and merely wrecking my camera, I was to discover later -- my other knee landing on the slivery truck floor boards and -- but this is no medical report.
Meredith was irritated when the Grafin knocked at his door and told him, `` She is a great beauty!!
He speaks your language too, for he is the grandson of a chieftain on Taui who made much magic and was strong and cunning.
There was a measure of protection in its concrete walls and ceiling, but the engineers who hastily installed it were well aware that concrete is not much better than prayer, if as efficacious, when a direct hit comes along.
This is puzzling to an outsider conscious of the classic tradition of liberalism, because it is clear that these Democrats who are left-of-center are at opposite poles from the liberal Jefferson, who held that the best government was the least government.
Theirs is no mere lack of sympathy, but something closer to the passionate hatred that was directed against Fascism.
He was, and is, with the RAND Corporation, a nonprofit pool of thinkers financed by the U.S. Air Force.
One's impulse is to say that the smell was a stink and unpleasant.
Unfortunately, it was Muzak, which automatically is piped into the public rooms, and which nolens volens had to be endured.
All but the most rabid of Confederate flag wavers admit that the Old Southern tradition is defunct in actuality and sigh that its passing was accompanied by the disappearance of many genteel and aristocratic traditions of the reputedly languid ante-bellum way of life.
One is tempted to say that, on the difference between the concepts of sovereignty in these two preambles, the worst war of the Nineteenth century was fought.
To my knowledge, Lincoln remains the only Head of State and Commander-in-Chief who, while fighting a fearful war whose issue was in doubt, proved man enough to say this publicly -- to give his foe the benefit of the fact that in all human truth there is some error, and in all our error, some truth.
Often it is recognized that all the details of the pattern may not be essential to the outcome but, because the pattern was empirically determined and not developed through theoretical understanding, one is never quite certain which behavior elements are effective, and the whole pattern becomes ritualized.
Though sex in some form or other enters into all human activity and it was a good thing that Freud emphasized this aspect of human nature, it is fantastic to explain everything in terms of sex.
The street that is full now of traffic and parked cars then and for many years drowsed on an August afternoon in the shade of the curbside trees, and silence was a weight, almost palpable, in the air.
The slave is owner, And ever was.
It is true that New England, more than any other section, was dedicated to education from the start.
Was it supposed, perchance, that A & M ( vocational training, that is ) was quite sufficient for the immigrant class which flooded that part of the New England world in the post-Civil War period, the immigrants having been brought in from Southern Europe, to work in the mills, to make up for the labor shortage caused by migration to the West??
It is from this unpromising background that the fictional private detective was recruited.
There is only one catch to this idyllic arrangement: Adam Smith was wrong.

0.098 seconds.