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Liu Bei rallied his troops to turn against Liu Zhang and killed Yang Huai and Gao Pei, on charges of showing disrespect towards him, and took over command of their armies.
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Liu and Bei
* 221 – Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself emperor of Shu-Han and claims his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.
* Ma Chao, son of Ma Teng, cousin of Ma Dai, brother of Ma Tie and Ma Xie, general and Tiger general of Shu for Liu Bei.
It began when the ruler of Wei, Cao Cao, was defeated by Liu Bei and Sun Quan at the Battle of Red Cliffs.
Tao Qian received the support of Liu Bei and Gongsun Zan, but even then it seemed as if Cao Cao's superior forces would overrun Xu Province entirely.
Lü Bu fled to Xu Province and was received by Liu Bei, and an uneasy alliance began between the two.
In 197, Yuan Shu, who was at odds with Cao Cao, Yuan Shao, and Liu Bei, felt assured of victory with his subordinate's conquests, and thus declared himself emperor of the Cheng Dynasty.
Sun Ce complied, but first convinced Cao Cao to form a coalition against Yuan Shu, of which Liu Bei and Lü Bu were members.
Afterwards, Lü Bu betrayed Liu Bei and seized Xu Province, forming an alliance with Yuan Shu's remnant forces.
Soon, preparations were made for an attack on Lü Bu, and the combined forces of Cao Cao and Liu Bei invaded Xu Province.
He collaborated with Liu Bei on this effort, but Cao Cao soon found out about the plot and had Dong Cheng and his conspirators executed, with only Liu Bei surviving and fleeing to join Yuan Shao in the north.
Liu and rallied
Liu Bei received financial contributions from two wealthy horse merchants named Zhang Shiping and Su Shuang and rallied a group of loyal followers, among whom include Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.
Towards the end of the Han Dynasty, Liu Bei, a warlord and distant relative of the Han imperial clan, rallied the support of many capable followers.
Liu and troops
* July – After being under siege for two months, about 19, 000 insurgents under Liu Xiu defeat 450, 000 of Wang Mang's troops in the Battle of Kunyang, ushering in the fall of Wang Mang and restoration of the Han Dynasty in China.
He then yielded northern Jing Province to Liu Bei as well, agreeing with Liu that the south was insufficient to supply his troops.
After Liu Bei's conquest of Yi Province, he was able to supply his troops on his own, so Sun Quan sent Lu Su as an emissary to demand for the return of Jing Province, but Liu Bei refused.
After defeating the Later Qin army in several battles, as well as an army of Northern Wei troops which had crossed to assist the Later Qin, Liu Yu recaptured the vital cities of Chang ' an and Luoyang, the former capitals of the Jin Empire.
In accordance with Zhuge Liang's Longzhong Plan, Liu Bei leads his troops into Yi Province in the west and takes over the land from the incompetent noble Liu Zhang.
However, Liu Bei became a powerful warlord as he was joined by Lei Xu ( 雷绪 ) and his troops numbering to tens of thousands, and soon conquered southern Jing Province without much resistance.
The Korean army under command of Liu Ting lost two-thirds of his troops at Fuca and surrendered to Nurhaci.
Bringing along Yuan Shu's coffin and his former troops, he headed to Huancheng ( 皖城 ; present-day Qianshan County, Anhui ) to seek refuge under Liu Xun ( 劉勳 ).
As Liu Xun had insufficient food supplies in his realm to support the additional troops, he led a force south to pillage Haihun ( 海昏 ; east of present-day Yongxiu County, Jiangxi ).
At Zhu's suggestion, Xie Xuan and Liu Laozhi ( 劉牢之 ) led 5000 elite troops to engage the advance Former Qin force and scored a devastating victory, killing 15, 000 men.
As Liu Bei mobilized his troops in preparation for the attack on Wu, another of his generals, Zhang Fei, was assassinated by his subordinates Fan Qiang and Zhang Da.
Liu Bei deployed his troops in over 50 camps along the 350 km line from Wuxia to Yiling on the southern bank of the Yangtze River.
Liu Bei fled to Zigui with Wu forces hot on his heels and the demoralised Shu troops were unable to hold their ground and kept retreating.
Tao Qian asked Liu Bei to station his army in nearby Xiaopei ( present day Pei County, Jiangsu ) and gave him 4, 000 more troops, in addition to 1, 000 or so troops and some Wuhuan cavalry already under his command.
Meantime, Liu Bei raised troops around the area, and actively built up connections with influential clans and people of the region.
Liu Bei fled to Xuchang, where Cao Cao received him well, gave him some troops, provisions, and official appointment of Governor of Yu Province ( 豫州牧 ).
Yuan Shao's attempt to reinforce Liu was repulsed by Yu Jin, whom Cao Cao had left in command of his troops at Yan Ford.
Liu Bei led his troops away and abandoned Fancheng, leading civilians and his followers ( including some of Liu Biao's former attendants ) on an exodus to the south.