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Nehru and was
The name Van Mahotsava ( the festival of trees ) originated in July 1947 after a successful tree-planting drive was undertaken in Delhi, in which national leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Rajendra Prasad and Abdul Kalam Azad participated.
It has been noted that this was a key part of the process of the reduction of the Indian economy from sophisticated textile production to a mere supplier of raw materials which occurred under colonial rule, a process described by Nehru and more recent scholars as " de-industrialization.
Mountbatten was fond of Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru and his liberal outlook for the country.
John Kenneth Galbraith, the Canadian-American Harvard University economist, who advised governments of India during the 1950s, an intimate of Nehru who served as the American ambassador from 1961 to 1963, was a particularly harsh critic of Mountbatten in this regard.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi ( Indirā Priyadarśinī Gāndhī, née Nehru ; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984 ) was an Indian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms ( 1966 – 77 ) and a fourth term ( 1980 – 84 ).
Gandhi was the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of independent India.
Indira Nehru was born on 19 November 1917 at the Anand Bhavan in the historically important town of Allahabad, in what was then the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, into the politically influential Nehru family.
Indira Gandhi's father was Jawaharlal Nehru and her mother was Kamla Nehru.
Her grandfather, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent Indian nationalist leader.
Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a pivotal figure in the independence movement of India.
During her time in Europe, Nehru was plagued with ill-health and was constantly attended by doctors.
Nehru tried to return to England through Portugal but was left stranded for nearly two months.
During her stay in the UK, Nehru frequently met her future husband Feroze Gandhi, whom she knew from Allahabad, and who was studying at the London School of Economics.
In 1951, in Taiwan, the Chinese Muslim Kuomintang General Bai Chongxi made a speech broadcast on radio to the entire Muslim world calling for a war against Russia, claiming that the " imperialist ogre " leader Stalin was engineering World War III, and Bai also called upon Muslims to avoid the Indian leader Jawaharlal Nehru, accusing him of being blind to Soviet imperialism.
Jawaharlal Nehru (, 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964 ), often referred to as Panditji, was an Indian politician and statesman, a leader in the Indian Independence Movement, and the first Prime Minister of independent India.
Nehru was elected by the Indian National Congress to assume office as independent India's first Prime Minister in 1947, and re-elected when the Congress party won India's first general election in 1951.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad in British India.
Nehru was subsequently initiated into the Theosophical Society at age thirteen by family friend Annie Beasant.

Nehru and arrested
Nehru remarked about the unprecedented popular response, “ it seemed as though a spring had been suddenly released .” Nehru was arrested on 14 April 1930 while entraining from Allahabad for Raipur.
Nehru was arrested and sentenced to four years ’ imprisonment.
Following the Quit India resolution passed by the Congress party in Bombay ( now Mumbai ) on 8 Aug 1942, the entire Congress working committee, including Gandhi and Nehru, was arrested and imprisoned.
A year later he was arrested again, but was soon released after a 27-day hunger strike, popular protests, and the intervention of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
On August 9, Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested and tried in this district ; he spent the next three years in prison.
Shaikh Abdullah was arrested on 15 May, and Jawaharlal Nehru came to Kashmir as his defence counsel.
Nehru's entry into the state was blocked by Kak & Nehru was arrested on 22 June and kept at the Dak Bunglow in Domel, close to Muzzafarabad.
In 1942 he was arrested again, this time for signing the Quit India resolution, and spent three years in Ahmednagar Fort along with other members of the Congress working committee until March 1945, at which point Jawaharlal Nehru pleaded successfully for Pant's release, on grounds of failing health.
He and Nehru were among the people arrested even before Mahatma Gandhi returned from the Round Table Conference at London in 1931.

Nehru and on
Mr. Nehru is subjected to stern lectures on neutralism by our Department of State, and an American President observes sourly that Sweden would be a little less neurotic if it were a little more capitalistic ''.
From this belief is derived the practical orientation of our policy on the `` uncommitted '' ( `` neutralist '', `` contested '' ) nations, especially on those whose leaders make the most noise -- Nehru, Tito, Nkrumah, Sukarno, Betancourt, etc..
Lord Mountbatten with Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of sovereign India in Government House, Lady Mountbatten standing to their left. When India and Pakistan attained independence on 15 August 1947, Mountbatten remained in New Delhi for ten months, serving as India's first governor general until June 1948.
The Nationalist school has focused on Congress, Gandhi, Nehru and high level politics.
A new port has been developed near Mumbai known as the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust ( JNPT ) or more popularly known as Nhava Sheva to reduce the burden on Mumbai.
Nehru assumed the presidency of the Congress party during the Lahore session on 29 December 1929 and introduced a successful resolution calling for complete independence.
At midnight on New Year's Eve 1929, Nehru hoisted the tricolour flag of India upon the banks of the Ravi in Lahore.
Nehru hurried back from a visit to China, announcing that, in a conflict between democracy and Fascism, “ our sympathies must inevitably be on the side of democracy ......
After much deliberation the Congress under Nehru informed the government that it would cooperate with the British but on certain conditions.
In March 1940 Jinnah passed what would come to be known as the “ Pakistan Resolution ,” declaring “ Muslims are a nation according to any definition of a nation, and they must have their homelands, their territory and their State .” This state was to be known as Pakistan, meaning “ Land of the Pure .” Nehru angrily declared that “ all the old problems ... pale into insignificance before the latest stand taken by the Muslim League leader in Lahore .” Linlithgow made Nehru an offer on 8 October 1940.
Gandhi called on the British to leave India ; Nehru, though reluctant to embarrass the allied war effort, had no alternative but to join Gandhi.
Nehru emerged from this — his ninth and last detention — only on 15 June 1945.
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma | Lord Mountbatten swears in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru as the first Prime Minister of free India at the ceremony held at 8: 30 am Indian Standard Time | IST on 15 August 1947
After failed bids to form coalitions, Nehru reluctantly supported the partition of India, according to a plan released by the British on 3 June 1947.
Under Nehru ’ s leadership, the government attempted to develop India quickly by embarking on agrarian reform and rapid industrialization.

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