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Occam's and Razor
Gardner rejects the concave hollow Earth hypothesis on the basis of Occam's Razor.
Aether fell to Occam's Razor.
Thus there is no way of discerning which, if any, ethical properties exist ; by Occam's Razor, the simplest assumption is that none do.
It is named after William of Ockham of Occam's Razor fame.
This explanation is more preferred under Occam's Razor than exogenesis since it theorizes that the creation of life is a matter of probability and can occur when the correct conditions are met rather than in exogenesis that assumes it is a singular event or that Earth did not meet those conditions on its own.
* Occam's Razor
One important contribution that he made to modern science and modern intellectual culture was the principle of parsimony in explanation and theory building that came to be known as Occam's Razor.
* The Myth of Occam's Razor by William M. Thorburn ( 1918 )
* 1285 – William of Ockham, English Franciscan to whom Occam's Razor is attributed ( approximate date ; d. 1349 )
Hence, Aquinas acknowledges the principle which today is known as Occam's Razor, but prefers causal explanations to other simple explanations ( cf.
Bertrand Russell offers a particular version of Occam's Razor: " Whenever possible, substitute constructions out of known entities for inferences to unknown entities.
This endless supply of elaborate competing explanations cannot be ruled out – but by using Occam's Razor.
There have been other attempts to derive Occam's Razor from probability theory, notable attempts made by Harold Jeffreys and E. T. Jaynes.
* What is Occam's Razor?
* Skeptic's Dictionary: Occam's Razor
* NIPS 2001 Workshop " Foundations of Occam's Razor and parsimony in learning "
This is why science uses Occam's Razor ; hypotheses without sufficient justification are eliminated.
However, the fact that empirical evidence does not serve to determine between alternative theories does not necessarily imply that all theories are of equal value, as scientists often use guiding principles such as Occam's Razor.
A widely-used and important example of a heuristic argument is Occam's Razor.
Biologist and atheist Richard Dawkins criticises the belief in miracles as a subversion of Occam's Razor.
A common misapprehension of Occam's Razor has it that the simpler theory is always the best.
He applies Occam's Razor, and suggests that it prefers the standard external ' reality ' over something like a brain in a vat.
With this he could nullify the use of Occam's Razor and even Deutsch's first premises on the solipsists mind, since they are arguments made using inductive reasoning.
A learning procedure then generates a model that attempts to meet two sometimes conflicting objectives: Perform as well as possible on the training data, and generalize as well as possible to new data ( usually, this means being as simple as possible, for some technical definition of " simple ", in accordance with Occam's Razor ).
A classical example of an inductive bias is Occam's Razor, assuming that the simplest consistent hypothesis about the target function is actually the best.

Occam's and .
Wycliffe owed much to William of Occam's work and thought.
Critics argue that to postulate a practically infinite number of unobservable universes just to explain our own seems contrary to Occam's razor.
The regularization penalty can be viewed as implementing a form of Occam's razor that prefers simpler functions over more complex ones.
According to Occam's razor, one should make as few assumptions as possible.
" This is known as the scientific principle of parsimony or Occam's razor.
Although he is commonly known for Occam's razor, the methodological principle that bears his name, William of Ockham also produced significant works on logic, physics, and theology.
Occam's razor ( also written as Ockham's razor, Latin lex parsimoniae ) is the law of parsimony, economy, or succinctness.
Solomonoff's inductive inference is a mathematically formalized Occam's razor: shorter computable theories have more weight when calculating the probability of the next observation, using all computable theories which perfectly describe previous observations.
In science, Occam's razor is used as a heuristic ( general guiding rule or an observation ) to guide scientists in the development of theoretical models rather than as an arbiter between published models.
In the scientific method, Occam's razor is not considered an irrefutable principle of logic or a scientific result.
The term " Occam's razor " first appeared in 1852 in the works of Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet ( 1788 – 1856 ), centuries after Ockham's death.
This maxim seems to represent the general tendency of Occam's philosophy, but it has not been found in any of his writings.
Solomonoff's inductive inference is a mathematical proof of a statement akin to Occam's razor, under the assumption that the environment follows some unknown but computable probability of distribution.
It is coherent, for instance, to add the involvement of Leprechauns to any explanation, but Occam's razor would prevent such additions, unless they were necessary.

Razor and .
Three works Team Cars with 16-valve twin cam engines were built for racing and record breaking: chassis number 1914, later developed as the Green Pea ; chassis number 1915, the Razor Blade record car ; and chassis number 1916, later developed as the Halford Special.
* Franklin's impact on medicine — talk by medical historian, Dr. Jim Leavesley celebrating the 300th anniversary of Franklin's birth on Okham's Razor ABC Radio National — December 2006
His suggestion during the by-election that murderers should have razor blades left in their cells so they could decently commit suicide resulted in him being nicknamed " Old Razor Blades " during the campaign.
* Razor sharp image with no bleeding / smearing when used at native resolution.
Although his so-called " Razor Gang " implemented stringent budget cuts across many areas of the Commonwealth Public Sector, including the ABC, the Fraser government did not carry out the radically conservative program that his political enemies had predicted, and that some of his followers wanted.
In 1962, Canadian historian Elliot Rose published A Razor for a Goat: A Discussion of Certain Problems in Witchcraft and Diabolism, in which he provided one of the first popular history books to openly criticise Murray's interpretation.
Later commenting on A Razor for a Goat, Richard Kieckhefer noted that when the book was first published " it was recognised as a biting critique of the views of Margaret Murray … Now, forty years later, Rose's book may perhaps seem more of a revisionist work within Murray's school of interpretation.
* 1877 – Razor Smith, English cricketer ( d. 1946 )
The guillotine ( called the " National Razor ") became the symbol of the revolutionary cause, strengthened by a string of executions: Marie Antoinette, King Louis XVI, the Girondins, Philippe Égalité ( Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans ), and Madame Roland, as well as many others, such as pioneering chemist Antoine Lavoisier, lost their lives under its blade.
* July 15 – Razor Smith, English cricketer ( b. 1877 )
* October 4 – Razor Smith, English cricketer ( d. 1946 )

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