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Since reaction rate was considered to be proportional to chemical affinity, it follows that for a general reaction of the type
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Since and reaction
Since a civilizational crisis involves also a crisis in private interests and in the ruling class, reaction is normally found among those who feel themselves to be among the ruling class.
Since blunt-ended DNA fragments have no cohesive ends to anneal, the melting temperature is not a factor to consider within the normal temperature range of the ligation reaction.
Since chemical reactions can neither create nor destroy matter, nor transmute one element into another, the amount of each element must be the same throughout the overall reaction.
Since any chemical component can participate in several reactions simultaneously, the stoichiometric coefficient of the i – th component in the k – th reaction is defined as
Since a mass driver could use any type of mass for reaction mass to move the spacecraft, a mass driver or some variation seems ideal for deep-space vehicles that scavenge reaction mass from found resources.
Since the calorimeter runs in an adiabatic environment, any heat generated by the material sample under test causes the sample to increase in temperature, thus fuelling the reaction.
Since Cornish Rex cats groom as much as or even more than ordinary cats, a Cornish Rex cat can still produce a reaction in people who are allergic to cats.
Since the film was released to theaters just a few months before Richard Nixon resigned as President, Coppola feels that audiences interpreted the film to be a reaction to both the Watergate scandal and its fall-out.
Since she always had a grapefruit for breakfast, he always wanted to put the grapefruit into her face just to get a reaction out of her, so she would show some emotion ; he felt that this scene gave him the opportunity to rid himself of that temptation.
Since its publication, the prose style and dialogue in Hemingway's novel have been the source of controversy and some negative critical reaction.
Since the reaction wheel is a small fraction of the spacecraft's total mass, easily-measurable changes in its speed provide very precise changes in angle.
Since the 1960s, historians including Narve Bjørgo, Per Sveaas Andersen, Knut Helle, Svein Haga and Kåre Lunden have in turn professed a reaction against Koht's view.
Since the S < sub > N </ sub > 1 reaction involves formation of an unstable carbocation intermediate in the rate-determining step, anything that can facilitate this will speed up the reaction.
Since two reacting species are involved in the slow, rate-determining step of the reaction, this leads to the name bimolecular nucleophilic substitution, or S < sub > N </ sub > 2.
Since the Maillard reaction produces water, further increases in water activity may inhibit Maillard reactions.
Since a negative enthalpy change in a reaction means that energy is being released to the surroundings, then the ' isolated ' system includes the chemical reaction plus its surroundings.
Since the angles and distances can be precisely controlled, and the reaction occurs in a vacuum, novel chemical compounds and arrangements are possible.
* Since polymer molecules are contained within the particles, the viscosity of the reaction medium remains close to that of water and is not dependent on molecular weight.
Since Major ( later Sir ) Claude Maxwell Macdonald, the Consul General of the Oil River Protectorate authorities considered the ‘ Treaty ’ legal and binding, he deemed the King ’ s reaction a violation of the accord and thus a hostile act.
Since at equilibrium the affinities and reaction rates for forward and backward reactions are equal, it follows that
Since and rate
Since marginal costs rise when the wage rate rises, the profit-maximizing price also rises when the public-limit price is elevated, and is likely to remain well above the latter.
Since then, there have been many refinements to increase the field of view, mass and position resolution, and data acquisition rate of the instrument.
Since independence, Botswana has had the highest average economic growth rate in the world, averaging about 9 % per year from 1966 to 1999.
Since 1991, Croatia's death rate has continuously exceeded its birth rate ; the natural growth rate of the population is currently negative.
Since then, consistent liberalization and astute economic management has led to the removal of 95 % of all price controls, low unemployment, a positive balance of payments position, a stable exchange rate, a shift of exports from former communist economic bloc markets to Western Europe, and relatively low foreign debt.
Since that time, the rate of crater production on Earth has been considerably lower, but it is appreciable nonetheless ; Earth experiences from one to three impacts large enough to produce a 20 km diameter crater about once every million years on average.
Since the Earth could be expected to have roughly the same cratering rate as the Moon, it became clear that the Earth had suffered far more impacts than could be seen by counting evident craters.
Since the design of such high-end chips nominally takes about five years to complete, to stay competitive a company has to fund at least two of these large design teams to release products at the rate of 2. 5 years per product generation.
Since petroleum is so important to industrialised economies, a large increase in its price can lead to the increase in the price of most products, raising the inflation rate.
Since 1993, the Eritrean People ’ s Liberation Front army has been involved in tree planting ; the annual average rate of deforestation during 1990 – 2000 was 0. 3 percent.
Since life began on Earth, several major mass extinctions have significantly exceeded the background extinction rate.
Since the rate of clocks and the gravitational potential have the same derivative, they are the same up to a constant.
Since the Hubble sequence is entirely based upon visual morphological type, it may miss certain important characteristics of galaxies such as star formation rate ( in starburst galaxies ) and activity in the core ( in active galaxies ).
Since 1995, Hungary has pegged the forint against a basket of currencies ( in which the U. S. dollar is 30 %), and the central rate against the basket is devalued at a preannounced rate, originally set at 0. 8 % per month, the Forint is now an entirely free-floating currency.
Since the basal insulin is provided as a rapid-acting insulin, the basal insulin can be immediately increased or decreased as needed with a temporary basal rate.
Since Marx believed that surplus value appropriated from labour is the source of profits, he concluded that the rate of profit would fall even as the economy grew.
Since the pulse energy is equal to the average power divided by the repetition rate, this goal can sometimes be satisfied by lowering the rate of pulses so that more energy can be built up in between pulses.
Since there are 24 hours in a day and 360 degrees in a circle, the sun moves across the sky at a rate of 15 degrees per hour ( 360 °/ 24 hours = 15 ° per hour ).
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, unionisation in many eastern European states has collapsed at an even more dramatic rate.
Since activated LCD pixels do not flash on / off between frames, LCD monitors exhibit no refresh-induced flicker, no matter how low the refresh rate.
Since the CFCs themselves are equally powerful greenhouse gases, the mere substitution of HFCs for CFCs does not significantly increase the rate of anthropogenic global warming, but over time a steady increase in their use could increase the danger that human activity will change the climate.