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Some feminists and psychologists argue that such objectification can lead to negative psychological effects including depression and hopelessness, and can give women negative self-images because of the belief that their intelligence and competence are currently not being, or will never be, acknowledged by society.
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Some and feminists
In their anthology, All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave, editors Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott and Barbara Smith described black feminists mobilizing " a remarkable national response to the Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas controversy.
Some radical feminists have proposed that because patriarchy is too deeply rooted in society, separatism is the only viable solution.
Some feminists are engaged with men's issues activism, such as bringing attention to male rape and spousal battery and addressing negative social expectations for men.
Some radical feminists called for women to govern women and men, among them Andrea Dworkin, Phyllis Chesler, Monique Wittig ( in fiction ), Mary Daly, Jill Johnston, and Robin Morgan.
Some radical feminists are explicitly avowed Marxists, and attempt to explore relationships between patriarchal and class analysis.
Some feminists, most notably Alice Echols and Ellen Willis, held that after about 1975 most of what continued to be called " radical feminism " represents a narrow subset of what was originally a more ideologically diverse movement.
Some anti-prostitution feminists, such as Sheila Jeffreys, prefer the term prostituted woman ( and analogous terms such as " prostituted child ") to emphasize the victimization they see as inherent in such activity.
Some critics were dissatisfied by his choice of poem order and omissions in the book and some feminists argued that Hughes had essentially driven her to suicide and therefore should not be responsible for her literary legacy.
Some feminists of the 1970s sought to eliminate disparaging terms for women, including " bitch " and " cunt ".
Some of his work from the early 1980s includes ( anthologized in The Abolition of Work and Other Essays ) highlights his critiques of the nuclear freeze movement (" Anti-Nuclear Terror "), the editors of Processed World (" Circle A Deceit: A Review of Processed World "), radical feminists (" Feminism as Fascism "), and right wing libertarians (" The Libertarian As Conservative ").
Some modern Mexican feminists point to the historical importance of these soldaderas as a milestone in women ’ s rights.
Some scholars also argue that Japanese feminists already had a history of seeking equal rights and that women would have gained suffrage without the occupation.
Some feminists such as Naomi Wolf find the concept of physical attractiveness itself to be problematic, with some radical feminists being opposed to any evaluation of another person's sexual attractiveness based on physical characteristics.
Some became involved in the sex-positive feminist movement in response to efforts by anti-pornography feminists, such as Catharine MacKinnon, Andrea Dworkin, Robin Morgan and Dorchen Leidholdt, to put pornography at the center of a feminist explanation of women's oppression ( McElroy, 1995 ).
Some feminists of the late 20th century would interpret the free-love ethic of the 1960s and 1970s as a manipulative strategy against a woman's ability to say no to sex.
Some feminists opposed the decriminalisation of brothels and pimping ( see feminist views on prostitution ), Christian groups were divided, and fundamentalist religious groups, including Right to Life were opposed.
Some separatist feminists and lesbian separatists have chosen to live apart in intentional community, cooperatives, and on land trusts.
Some Muslim feminists are also opposed to the traditional dress requirements for women ( commonly called hijab ), claiming that any modest clothing is sufficiently Islamic for both men and women.
Some feminists, and non-feminist economists ( particularly proponents of historical materialism ) note that the monetary contribution of housewives ' work to society is ignored in standard formulations of economic output, such as GDP or employment figures.
Some and psychologists
Some psychologists, in fact, suggest that career-bound husbands often are more to blame for topsy-turvy marriages than their wives.
Some sociologists and psychologists have noted that autobiography offers the author the ability to recreate history.
Some evolutionary psychologists apply the same thinking to psychology, arguing that the mind has a modular structure similar to that of the body, with different modular adaptations serving different functions.
Some psychologists claim that research evidence for this type of far transfer is scarce, while others claim there is abundant evidence of far transfer in specific domains.
Some psychologists such as John B. Watson, Robert Plutchik, and Paul Ekman have suggested that there is only a small set of basic or innate emotions and that fear is one of them.
Some psychologists argue that only the " higher " intellectual functions constitute mind, particularly reason and memory.
Some psychologists propose that this processing gives rise to particular mental states ( cognitivism ) whilst others envisage a direct path back into the external world in the form of action ( radical behaviourism ).
Some philosophers and psychologists have tended to understand thought as basically a form of internal speech, suggesting that either this speech must be innate or thought has to be learned while acquiring language.
Some biologists, anthropologists and evolutionary psychologists believe this in-group / out-group discrimination has evolved because it enhances group survival.
Some U. S. states and territories, following the creation of the prescriptive authority for psychologists movement, have granted prescriptive privileges to clinical psychologists who have undergone additional specialised education and training in medical psychology.
Some psychologists use " confirmation bias " to refer to any way in which people avoid rejecting a belief, whether in searching for evidence, interpreting it, or recalling it from memory.
Some psychologists ( Fordor, 1959 ; Ehrenwald, 1974 ) proposed that an OBE is a defense mechanism designed to deal with the threat of death.
Some psychologists advocate a positive psychology, and explicitly embrace an empirical self-help philosophy ; " the role of positive psychology is to become a bridge between the ivory tower and the main street-between the rigor of academe and the fun of the self-help movement.
Some psychologists cite such behavior as a mechanism for coping with the anxiety associated with starting or completing any task or decision.
Some evolutionary psychologists, in effect agreeing with Chomsky, argue that the apparent impossibility of teaching language to animals is indicative that the ability to use language is an innately human development.
Some social psychologists have argued that the act of freely choosing a specific therapy, together with the effort and money invested by the client in order to continue to engage in the chosen therapy, positively influences the effectiveness of therapy.
Some psychologists suggest changing norms of sunlight in particular can cause Seasonal affective disorder.
Some psychologists have theorized that the formation of youth culture is an attempt to adopt an identity that reconciles these two conflicting expectations.
Some psychotherapists and psychologists practicing various kinds of Body Psychotherapy and Somatic Psychology have continued to use Reich's proposed emotional-release methods and character-analysis ideas, but use of orgone equipment is rare, limited mainly to therapists who have been trained in " Reichian " institutions such as the American College of Orgonomy.
Some psychologists believe that a significant portion of human behavior is energized and directed by unconscious motives.
Some severe cases of micromanagement arise from other underlying mental-health conditions such as obsessive – compulsive personality disorder, although not all allegations of such conditions by subordinates and other " armchair psychologists " are accurate.